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Full text of "Recreation"

VOLUME VI 
NUMBER 6 



r^Ttf 




9 1935 
1897 



$1.00 A YEAR 
10c. A COPY 








FOR... 

Long 

Range 

Targets 



Big 

Game 

Hunting 



Black 

Powder 

Ranges 



Schuetzen 

Target 

Ranges 



Small 
Game 
Hunting 



Short 

Range 

Use 



One 

Savage 

Rifle 

TAKES ALL THESE 

DIFFERENT 

CARTRIDGES 

Write for our ne<=w Catalogue 

.303 

Savage Repeating 
Arms Co. 

UTICA, N. Y. 

U. S. A. 





»•„—'-— *-F» mmi ipihi 






STOP THE GAME ! ! ! KILL THE UMPIRE ? 

(Simply build a PAGE FENCE around the premises and 
you've got 'em. No obstruction to the view. Holds 



NO 



• Buffalo, Deer, Elk, anything. 



Write for Particulars..., 



PAGE WOVEN WIRE FENCE CO. 

ADRIAN, MICH. 



RECREATION 

Copyright, December, 1896, by G. O. Shields 
A Monthly Magazine Devoted to Everything the Name Implies 



$1.00 a Year. 

10 Cents a Copy 



G. O. SHIELDS (COQUIXA), 
Editor and Manager. 



19 West 24TH Street, 

New York. 



CONTENTS OF THIS NUMBER 

' ' He Threw the Dog about Ten Feet in the Air ' ' Frontispiece Bert Cassidy 

Will a "Dog Bay a Moose? Illustrated Ed. H. Trafton 

1 ■ Too Bad. ' ' (Poem) Yellow Hammer 

A Remarkable Landscape. Illustrated. Seepage 412 Rambler 

A New Species of Mountain Sheep. Illustrated Dr. J. A. Allen 

The Nest of the Brown Thrush. Illustrated Angus Gaines 

The Origin of Negro Minstrelsy. Illustrated Vaughan Kester 

The Army Pack Train Service. Illustrated J. A. Breckons 

Wild Turkey Shooting. Illustrated Capt. C. J. Crane, U. S. A. 

The Prairie Dog at Home. Illustrated Geo. G. Cantwell 

The Sheep Eater Campaign. Illustrated Lt. C. B. Hardin, U. S. A. 

The Sheep Eater Campaign Major T. E. Wilcox, U. S. A. 

4 ' Lil ' Joe. ' ' (Poem). Illustrated Geo. W. Stevens 

Camp Fire Tales J. Loefric 

A Wedding Tour in the Rockies Mrs. Ira. Dodge 

A Day with Quinault Trout F. J. Church 

The Strategy of Two Anglers Gardner C. Teall 

"Whiskers" Jas. Weir, Jr., M. D. 

' ' Recreation ' ' (Poem) Sam. Level Crofoot 

A Quail Hunt in the Indian Territory Levi Luigo 

From the Game Fields 

Fish and Fishing 

Guns and Ammunition 

Natural History 

Editor's Corner 



465 Bicycling 

468 Amateur Photography 

472 Publisher's Department.. 

476 Puzzle Page 

479 



Page 



409 
410 
413 
413 
420 

423 

426 

43i 
433 
436 

441 

443 
445 
448 

451 
453 
454 
455 
456 
480 

4«5 
498 
500 



Entered as Second-Class Matter at New York Post-Office, Oct, 17, 1894. 



Hon. Thomas Marshall 




Mayor of Keithsbttrg, 111. 
WINNER OF 

Grand 

American 

fiandicap 

March 24, 1897 



Used DU PONT 
SMOKELESS POWDER 



RLDuPont De Nemours & Co., ™< g ™n, 



11 



RECREATION. 



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R EC RE A TION. 



A Novel 

Educational 

Competition 

COMBINES PLEASURE WITH INFORMATION 
AND MENTAL TRAINING 

The Century Co. announces an 
educational competition which will 
arouse very general interest. Three 
examination papers, of fifty ques- 
tions each, have been prepared ; the 
competitors have a month to answer 
each set. The prizes are : $500 for 
the best answer, $100 for the second 
best, $50 for the third, two of $25 
each for the fourth and fifth, and 
thirty of $10 each for the next thirty 
in order of merit ; also a further and 
special prize of $500. 



'T'HE QUESTIONS impart knowl- 
■ edge and lead to a habit of inves- 
tigation that will be of value through 
life. If you gain first prize, the knowl- 
edge you have acquired will be worth 
more to you than the $500 
you receive. But whether 
you win that prize or not, 
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Do not cease your education when 
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with practical knowledge. 

Dumb-bells and bicycles 
may be equally useful in 
physical development, yet 
a thousand persons ride 



113 



Pleasure am 

Education 

Combined 



University 
Extension 
Surpassed 



their wheels for one that uses dumb-bells. The reason is perfectly evident. Bicycle 
riding combines pleasure with exercise ; the use of dumb-bells is drudgery. So 
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them you are repaid a hundred fold. 

An analysis of the questions shows that they deal with a very large number 
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broaden you as Greeley said it broadened Lincoln. On request, we will I F1ZC 

forward you sample questions and full particulars of the competition. 

If you do not possess a set of The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia, ad- 
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VI 



RECREA TION. 





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Xll 



RECREA TION. 



President McKinley 

WROTE A FRIEND 

ce '. . . Last summer I took a trip from Cleveland 
to Duluth on the 'Northwest,' and never did I have a 
more enjoyable vacation. The scenery is superb and 
the vessel a< veritable floating palace. . . . " 




■ ■ --■ ■ 



The above was written by President McKinley after a trip on the Northern Steamship Company'9 

Line. For particulars of this line see page opposite 



RECREA TION. 



Xlll 



"On Summer Seas" 

What Makes the Tour of the Great Lakes so 
Incomparably Delightful 



ITS NOVELTY — Combining scope of ocean 
travel with interest of a river trip — vastness 
and detail, sea views and landscapes — as by 
no other route. 

ITS EXTENT — Two thousand miles in seven 
restful summer days — an ideal vacation for 
the weary brain or tired body. 

ITS STEAMSHIPS — The Northern Steam- 
ship Company's steel twin-screw " NORTH- 
WEST" and "NORTHLAND," each 386 
feet in length, 5,000 tons, 7,000 horse- 
power — with ample accommodations for 500 
passengers — unsurpassed in construction and 
equipment by anything that floats. 




THEIR SPEED — That of the fastest ocean 
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those of the most celebrated metropolitan 
hotels — every element of service above re- 
proach — superbly decorated and furnished 
saloons and cabins. 

CUISINE — -The perfection of gastronomic art 
applied to choicest and freshest products of 
land and sea — a revelation made doubly wel- 
come by the always appetizing atmosphere. 



PLACES VISITED — Buffalo, the Electric 
city of the Empire State — Cleveland, Queen 
city of the lakes — Detroit, metropolis of 
Michigan — historic Mackinac — Sault Ste. 
Marie, "the Soo," with its enormous locks, 
the largest in the world — Duluth, the Zenith 
city immortalized by Proctor Knott, and its 
lake-side twin, Superior. 

STOP-OVER PRIVILEGES -While at 

most of these places time is given for a brief 
but satisfying carriage drive, stop-over 
checks are issued, good for the entire season. 

SALMON AND TROUT FISHING unsur- 
passed anywhere, is to be enjoyed at the head of 
Lake Superior. Steam and Naphtha Launches 
for pleasure parties can be had at moderate 
rates. 

NATURAL WONDERS, great triumphs of 
engineering skill, innumerable islands with 
their summer hotels and cottages, sleepy old 
Canadian towns with quaint peculiarities, 
Indian reservations, ancient trading posts and 
hunting grounds, modern mines and fisheries, 
the Painted Rocks and other relics of a bygone 
race— and always round about the varied ship- 
ping of the lakes, and over all the panorama of 
the Northern sky. 

IT IS NOT SURPRISING that President 
McKinley (see opposite page) found such a 
trip so entirely enjoyable. 




A LA CARTE — Meals served on the European 
plan, at moderate prices, enabling passengers, 
especially when there are two or more in a party, 
to live economically as well as bountifully. 
For Particulars Address 

I. M. BORTLE, Gen*! Pass. Agent Northern Steamship Co. 

W. C. FARRINGTON, Vice-President, Buffalo, N. Y 



FURTHER WEST -At Duluth direct connec- 
tion is made with the Great Northern Rail- 
way, and the Northern Pacific Railway to St. 
Paul, Minneapolis, KOOTENAI mining dis- 
tricts, Yellowstone Park, and the Pacific Coast. 



XIV 



RECREA TION. 



$25.00 




Chicago to California 

Is the rate that will be made by the 

Santa R Route 

for the Christian Endeavor Convention 
in July. It will also apply to interme- 
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new mining camps now attracting a 
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of the prehistoric cliff-dwellers and the 
ancient villages of the Pueblo Indians; 
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where the blue Pacific rolls ? Then take 
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You may learn all about it by addressing any 
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G. P. A., A. T. & S. F. R'y 

Room 136, 9th and Jackson Streets 
TOPEKA, KAN. 



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A. G. P. A. 

Room 1336, Great Northern Building: 
CHICAGO 



RECREA TION. 



xv 



GOOD LOOKS 



How every one can be 
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FACE 




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XVI 



RECREA 770 N. 







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Volume VI. 



RECREATION. 

JUNE, 1897. 
G. 0. SHIELDS (C0Q.U1NA), Editor and Manager. 



Number 6. 



WILL A DOG BAY A MOOSE? 



ED. H. TRAFTON. 



In a recent number of Recreation 
I saw an inquiry about hunting moose 
with dogs. When I first came to the 
Teton Basin, 15 years ago, there were 
a great many moose in this country, as 
well as other game. During the first 
winter I spent here another trapper and 
I estimated there were about 1 50 head 
of moose in the big swamp on the river, 
within an area of 15 miles long by 3 
wide. I had a small black dog, which 
we called a collie. Some of these dogs 
are bobtailed, and some have no tail — 
only a tuft of hair.* They are natural 
born heelers; that is, when they attack 
an animal, they always bite at the heel. 
In my experience this is the only breed 
of dog that can stand up a big bear, 
single handed, and hold him until the 
hunter can come up. 

I had trained this dog to hunt elk. 
He would stop a big bull just as 
quick as he got to him and would 
hold him until I came up to within 10 
or 15 yards. Then I would throw 
sticks or stones at the elk, and see the 
dog work on him. Every time the elk 
would make a break to run, the dog 
would have him by the heel ; until fin- 
ally the elk would get sulky and refuse 
to budge. It was impossible for any 
kind of game he could catch, to get 
away from him. They either could 
not, or would not, stand the punish- 
ment he could inflict on their heels. 

The first opportunity I had to see 
this dog work on a moose was one day 

* This was probably an t; old English sheep dog" instead 
of a collie. — Editor. 



when I was snow-shoeing up the river, 
through the swamp. There were lots 
of fresh signs and I knew I should 
jump a moose before I went far. I also 
knew I should see some fun when 
Bob, my dog, tackled him. I was 
shoving the long skis easily over the 
snow, and just as I slid out into a little 
park, bordered by thick willows, there 
stood a big bull moose, not more than 
15 feet from me. I stopped dead still 
and the old bull swung his big head 
around toward me. I saw his eyes 
turn green, and the hair on his head, 
between his ears, rise up like a cat's 
tail when a strange dog comes around. 

Then I felt myself getting kind of 
dizzy under the hat, as if I had been 
smoking a strong pipe too much. The 
next thing I knew, I heard Bob give 
voice, and knew I was safe. I looked 
in the direction the noise came from, 
and thanked my lucky stars that Bob 
appeared on the scene just as he did, 
for the old bull had him by the middle 
of the back, with his mouth, and it 
looked as if Bob's hide had stretched 
about 8 inches. Before I had time to 
do any more thinking, he threw the 
dog about 10 feet in the air, over his 
back. 

I tell you right now, boys, I didn't 
hang around there to see what the next 
play was going to be. I just hollered, 
" Heel him, Bob," and slid for a bunch 
of willows. When I got behind these, 
I tore the snow-shoes off and jerked 
my revolver. I didn't know T had one 
before. Then I looked for Bob and the 



409 



4io 



RECREA TION. 



moose, and I was not disappointed. 
The dog was the gamiest of the 2. He 
was cutting away on that moose's heels 
and was the maddest dog I ever saw. 
He was getting even with the old 
moose in great shape. The blood was 
running off the bull's hind legs, plenty. 

I had gotten over that sickness, and 
thought I would help Bob torture the 
old brute a few minutes. Then I want- 
ed to see if Bob could stop him if he 
tried to pull out. So I slipped out 
where the moose could see me, and 
fired a shot, which hit him in the nose. 
He bolted through the brush, but 
didn't get 40 yards till the dog stopped 
him. I followed and gave the moose 
another shot in the neck; but he just 
stood there and gritted his teeth and 
looked green eyed. Then he would 
make a plunge with his forefeet, at the 
dog, but Bob was not there. He was 
just behind Mr. Moose again, work- 
ing on those hind legs. As soon as I 
saw he couldn't get away from the 
dog, and that Bob could stop a moose 
just as well as an elk, I gave the bull 
the finishing shot, and dressed him. 
Then I put on my snow-shoes and 
struck out up the river. 

I had not gone 300 yards when I ran 
into 3 moose in a little opening. I put 
the dog after them, just to see what he 
would do, and they broke into a swing- 
ing trot, as if they intended to go some- 
where; but the hind one was the first 



the dog reached. I noticed he only 
went about 30 yards, when he stopped 
and whirled around to see what was the 
matter with his hind legs. He discov- 
ered they were bleeding, and no mat- 
ter which way he jumped, or kicked 
or struck, that black, bobtailed dog was 
tickling his hind legs. I just imagined 
I could see green tears running out of 
that moose's eyes — he was so mad. I 
finally called the dog off, after the 
moose had raised a perfect cloud of 
steam from his exertions, in trying to 
escape from the dog. 

These are only 2 of the many times 
I have seen my dog stop moose. He 
has stopped dozens of elk, mountain 
sheep, bear, and wounded deer; and I 
have the first time to see game get 
away from one of these bobtailed shep- 
herd dogs. 

I have 2 dogs now, half brothers to 
old Bob. I call them "Old Cub " and 
" The Pup." They are known all over 
Fremont and Bingham counties; and 
I have the first time to see an elk, or 
moose, or any animal they can catch, 
get away from them. The old dog is 
10 and the pup is 5 years old, and I 
have killed a great many elk with them 
in the last 5 years. I have trained sev- 
eral dogs of this breed, with " Old 
Cub," and they all made good hunters. 
So there is no question as to a dog, that 
is a natural heeler, and trained, being 
able to stop a moose in any country. 



TOO BAD. 



YELLOW HAMMER. 



Within a country home were born 
Two blooming infants bright and fair; 

It was a calm and quiet morn 
And spring and sweetness filled the air. 

It was for them the bright sun shone 
Amid the green and fragrant trees, 

For them the fragrance sweet is blown 
Upon the balmy evening breeze. 



They grow apace and yet it seems 
That Nature's smile doth linger still; 

They wander 'neath the sun's bright beams. 
Amid the woodland, o'er the hill. 

But they are grown and they must go 

Into the city's sounding din, 
Onward with measured tread and slow 

Seeking their daily bread to win. 



For them no more the humming bees 
Within these walls — unhappy elves, 

No more for them the rustling trees 
For now they rustle for themselves. 




AFTER THE HUNT. 




AMATEUR PHOTOGRAPH BY GEO. M. LINCOLN. 

A VIEW FROM PROSPECT ROCK, ADIRONDACK^. 

411 




H 
O 
O 
Pi 

W 
H 
H 

H 

O 
H 

PQ 



A REMARKABLE LANDSCAPE. 



{St'e opposite pa .v.) 



Editor Recreation: I enclose you photo 
of a bit of Western Autumn scenery — a 
charming nook in one of the narrow chan- 
nels of the Bitter Root river — from which 
I have taken many a lusty trout, on the pro- 
fessor and the coachman. I used a Seed 26 
x plate; a Turner-Reich lens, 43 stop, ^ 
seconds, at 11 a.m. of a bright day: devel- 
oping until the high lights are very dense; 
printing on Aristo-Platino, good and deep; 
toning, in the gold solution, to a medium 
sepia, and fixing in a hypo bath — 1 oz. hypo 
to 24 oz. water — for 20 minutes. Thus I 
have a reproduction of my favorite trout 
pool, in almost its natural colors. 

Rambler, Hamilton, Mont. 

It is impossible to reproduce the wonder- 



ful sepia tones in this photo, by any me- 
chanical process; but the print is one of 
the most beautiful I have ever seen. The 
fine detail in the foliage, both in foreground 
and background — even in the outline of the 
distant mountain; the delicate lighting of 
the trees on one side; the sharp cutting of 
every feature in the shadows; the soft, hazy 
reflections in the water — all these combine 
to make this one of the most remarkable 
bits of landscape photography ever made. 
There are many delicate twigs shown here, 
some of which are scarcely larger than the 
lead in your pencil, yet they are all brought 
out with as great fidelity to Nature as are 
the trunks of the trees. 

This is a phenomenal piece of work and 
Rambler may well feel proud of it. 

Editor. 



A NEW SPECIES OF MOUNTAIN SHEEP. 



Dr. J. A. Allen, Curator of Mammalogy, 
in the American Museum of Natural His- 
tory, New York, has issued, in bulletin 
form, the following preliminary description 
of the new species of mountain sheep, taken 
in Alaska and brought out by Mr. A. J. 
Stone, who is in charge of Recreation's 
Alaskan Exploring Expedition. 



Through the kindness of Mr. A. J. Stone. 
of Missoula, Montana, the Museum has re- 
ceived 3 mounted specimens of a Mountain 
Sheep, or Bighorn, quite unlike any hereto- 
fore described. These were collected by 
Mr. Stone on the headwaters of the 
Stickeen river, British Northwest Terri- 
tory, near the Alaskan boundary, at an alti- 
tude of about 6,500 feet. The species may 
be described as follows: 

ovis stonei, sp. nov. 

Male Adult. — Above gray, formed by an intimate mixt- 
ure of wbitish and blackish brown. Face, ears, and sides 
of neck lighter and more whitish, being much less varied 
with blackish brown. Whole posterior area and lower 
parts, from hinder part of back downward and forward, 
covering the posterior aspect of thighs and the abdomen, 
white : the white area narrowing anteriorly and terminating 
in a V-shaped point on the middle of the chest : also a broad 
sharply defined band of white on the posterior surface of 
both fore and hind legs, extending from the body to the 
hoofs, and proximally including also the inner surface. 
Front of neck, from base of lower jaw posteriorly to the 
white of the ventral surface, including the breast and greater 
part of the chest, and thence along the sides to the thighs, 
nearly black. The lateral extension along the flanks be- 
comes narrower, posteriorly, and the neck is somewhat 
grizzled with white (see PI. II.). Outer surface of both fore 
and hind legs blackish brown, either uniform or, in some 
specimens, varied with a slight mixture of whitish. Hack of 
head with a broad area of black, narrowing posteriorly and 
continuing to the tail as a well-defined blackish dorsal 
stripe. Tail wholly deep black, except a few white hairs on 
the middle of its lower surface. A narrow blackish chin bar, 
varying in breadth and distinctness in different individuals : 
hoofs black ; horns light brown. 



Measurements (of type, f, ad.) — Measurements from 
mounted specimens (taken with a tapeline and following the 
curvatures of the parts measured). Tip of nose to base of 
tail, 1.676 mm.; tail vertebrae, 8o ; tail to end of hairs, 121 : 
tip of nose to eye, 197 ; tip of nose to base of ear, 305 ; 
length of horn (over convexity), 762 : distance between 
points of horns, 552 ; circumference of horn at base, 324 ; 
circumference of horn at middle, 216; circumference of 
front hoof at base, 190. 

This species is based on 3 males, of the 
ages respectively of 2. 5 and 6 years.* The 
older specimen is taken as the type. On 
this the dark areas are blacker, and on some 
parts less varied with whitish tipped hairs 
than in the others, especially the 2-year-old. 

This species differs from Ovis dalli in the 
prevailing coloration; being either dark 
gray or blackish brown, according to the 
area in question (see PI. II.), instead of be- 
ing " a nearly uniform dirty white color." 
In 0. stonei the white is restricted to defi- 
nite, sharply defined areas, in strong con- 
trast with the adjoining parts. 0. stonei and 
0. dalli apparently agree in size and in the 
character of the horns. 

0. stonei agrees, in a general way. in pat- 
tern of coloration, with 0. cervina (Desm.), 
but the " umber brown " or " wood- 
brown " of the latter is everywhere replaced 
in 0. stonei with blackish brown or black. 
It is also a much smaller animal, and the 
horns are slenderer and have a more out- 
ward curvature at the tips. 

The following table gives comparative 
measurements of 2 specimens of 0. dalli 
(from True, in " Nelson's Report on Nat. 



* These three specimens were exhibited in Reckka- 
tion's booth at the Third Annual Sportsmen's Exposition 
and attracted marked attention from scientists and sports- 
men alike. They were sent from the exposition to the 
American Museum of Natural History. — Editor. 



4»3 




OVIS STONEI. 



BUL. A. M. N. H. PLATE II. 



Hist. Coll. made in Alaska," 1887, p. 283), 
of 2 specimens of 0. stonei and of 2 spec- 
imens of 0. cervina, from Montana, all from 
mounted adult male specimens, and there- 
fore comparable. 





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CI 












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z 

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u 


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u 




5 
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s 

z 



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6 
1,676 


6 


d 


Q 


Tip of nose to base of tail. 


1,854 


1,854 


1,626 


1,626 




Tip of nose to base of ear. 
Length of horn over con- 


229 

330 


228 
340 


197 

3°5 


194 

318 


178 
292 




vexity 

Circumference of horn at 


775 


867 


762 


837 


838 




Circumference of hoof at 


444 


400 


324 


330 


293 




base 


267 


205 


190 


190 


211 





1 From True, /. <:. 

2 From specimens in Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 



Mr. Stone took measurements of the an- 
imals before skinning, but they are unfortu- 
nately not available at this writing. He also 
has separate skulls, which he will later for- 
ward for examination, when it will be pos- 
sible to give some further particulars re- 
specting this interesting species. 

I am indebted to Mr. Stone, in whose 
honor the species is named, for the follow- 
ing observations: 

' The 3 animals were killed in the Che- 
on-nee Mountains, British Northwest Ter- 
ritory. These mountains are a part of the 
interior of the Coast Range, drained by the 
headwaters of the Stickeen river, and not far 
from Alaskan Territory. 

' The timber line in this country extends 
only to a height of about 2,500 feet, giving 
the mountain ranges the appearance of be- 
ing quite high, but in reality there are no 
high mountains in this section of the Coast 
Range. 



414 



\. 



A NEW SPECIES OF MOUNTAIN SHEEP. 



415 



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PLATE III., FIG. I. 



" The 2 older specimens 
were taken August 10, about 
5 miles from where the first 
were found and were the 
only ones in the bunch. I 
watched them an entire 
afternoon before killing 
them. They passed the time 
alternately nibbling at tiny 
bits of grass, occasionally 
seen peeping from crevices 
in the rocks, and playing or 
lying down on patches of 
snow and ice. They were 
very fat. 

" Specimens taken 2 
months later possessed the 
same markings, but were 
somewhat darker." 

Air. Stone is familiar with 
Oz'is dalli, which he reports 
as occurring some 250 miles 
North of the locality where 



" The only specimens of 
this Sheep I had an oppor- 
tunity to study were the 
males, which I found, during 
the months of August and 
September, in the most rug- 
ged parts of the mountains, 
entirely above timber line. I 
often found them singly, and 
at no time did I discover 
more than 5 in one bunch; 
though one of my party re- 
ported having seen 11 to- 
gether. I saw perhaps 50 
head, and secured 12 speci- 
mens. I was careful in my 
study of these interesting ani- 
mals, and found them uni- 
formly marked, both in color 
and general characteristics. 

' The youngest of the 3 
now in the Museum, was se- 
emed Aug. 8, 1896, in a deep, 
rocky canyon just at the base 
of one of the highest peaks in 
this part of the mountains. At the time I 
discovered him he was alone, carefully 
making his way down the canyon, and from 
what I afterward learned I am inclined to 
believe he was then in quest of the ewes, 
lambs, and yearlings, in the edge of the 
timber, farther down the mountain side. It 
is likely he had not yet regularly taken up 
the company of the older rams. 




PLATE III., FIG. 2. 

he obtained the present examples of 0. 

stonci. 

DESCRIPTION OF PLATES II AND III. 

Plate II. — Ovis stonei, & ad. 

Plate III. — Fig. i. head of Ot'is stonei, $ ad. (same 
specimen as figured in PI. II.). 

Fig. 2. — Head of Ovis cervina, $ ad., from Mon- 
tana, for comparison with Fig. i. '1 he Montana 
specimen is probably somewhat older than the speci- 
men of Ovis stonei shown in Fig. i, but probably the 
difference in age is not great. 



THERE ARE OTHER TRIMMINGS. 



" What a beautiful, humane thought this 
birdless bonnet movement is? " 

" Don't be so sure about its humanity. 
It is calculated to work the silk worm to 
death." 



416 



RECREA TION. 



FRITZ. 



I hand you herewith a photograph of 
the thoroughbred cocker-spaniel, " Fritz," 
Owned by Joseph Boehrer, Viroqua, Wis- 
consin. He is not yet 2 years old, but is the 
pet of all the sportsmen who know him, 
owing to the fact that he possesses all the 
points of merit usually found in the blue- ] 
blooded cocker. 




"FRITZ." 

He is thoroughly trained in every re- 
spect, and is a natural and willing worker 
on ruffed grouse and woodcock, as well as 
a careful retriever on land or water. His 
excellent conduct in chicken shooting, last 
fall, surprised many of the local sportsmen. 

He will " stand," and will do the other 
necessary work, in this respect, at the com- 
mand of hi.> master, whether given viva 
voce, or by whistle. 

He will tree ruffed grouse to the queen's 
taste, and will tow the largest goose to 
shore, safe. Fritz is a jet black and is per- 
fection itself in form and weight. He has 
the reputation of being the best general 
purpose dog ever brought to this city. 

E. B. C, Viroqua, Wis. 



LARGE MULE DEER HEADS. 

I send you herewith the photo of 2 mule 
deer heads which I think the largest 2 and 
3 point heads in America. The length of 
beam of the 2 point, is 22 inches; spread 
22/2 inches. 




SPREAD, 31$ INCHES. 

The 3 point has a length of beam of 2y]/ 2 
inches, with the enormous spread of 31^2 
inches. Each head has a crown point on 
one horn, which is very uncommon with 
2 and 3 point heads. 

H. A. A., Laurin, Mont. 



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AMATEUR PKOTOGRAI'H BY DR. G. T. PHILLIPS. 



MOONLIGHT ON LAKE BOMOSEEN, VERMONT. 



Enclosed please find a moonlight photo 
which I made in September, '95, at Lake 
Bomoseen, Vt. 

I exposed the plate */> hour, at half past 
9. By looking closely you will notice build- 
ings on the opposite shore, about one mile 
away. The length of the moon shows the 
distance it traveled in 30 minutes. 

The exposure was made on a number 50 



Stanley dry plate, the camera being a 
Waterbury. 

G. T. P., D.D.S., Rutland, Vt. 



I send you by this mail a photo of 6 full 
blood English fox terrier puppies which I 
raised, and which we think are quite good 
ones. I hope to see them in Recreation. 
E. D. P., Auburn, N. Y. 




FOX TERRIER PUPPIES. 
417 




NO. 3.-VIRGINIA DEER. WILD. 



Editor Recreation: Have you ever 
noticed the great difference in the expres- 
sion, as shown in photographs, of live wild 
deer and of those in captivity? I send you 
herewith prints of 2 deer, taken in an en- 
closure; and of 2 others of wild deer, taken 
in the woods. The buck and the doe — Figs. 
1 and 2 — are tame deer, taken with my 
Turner-Reich lens, 34 second exposure 
each. 

The 2 does — Figs. 3 and 4 — are of wild 
deer, taken when a heavy snow had driven 
them down into the Bitter Root valley. 
Both of these pictures were taken with a 
telephoto lens. No. 3 was some 60 yards 
from me and was given an exposure of 1 
second, with open lens. 

I have enlarged this negative to more 
than twice its original size. No. 4 is also 
enlarged slightly. You will notice the 
startled look on both of these does, caused 
by a whistle I had uttered to stop them; 
while with the tame deer no amount of 
noise, of any kind, caused any unusual atti- 
tude or expression. 

I used Eastman's films, for these nega- 
tives, and for that of the live pine squirrel. 
The latter was taken at sunset with a tele- 
photo lens, and is, I am afraid, too hope- 
lessly undertimed for reproduction. I gave 
him 4 seconds, open lens, and should have 
prolonged exposure, but that I feared he 




NO. 2.— MULE DEER. TAME. 

would move, which, in fact, he did just as 
the shutter closed. 

Rambler, Hamilton, Mont. 



418 





























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NO. 



-A TAME BUCK. 




NO. 4.— VIRGINIA DEER. WILD. 

" What do you want to borrow my gun 
for? Are you going to shoot the first 
robin?" 

" No; I'm going to shoot some men at 
our boarding house who are always mak- 
ing bets on him." 



Most tillers of the soil get in 

Their harvests in July; 
But florists reap their pile of tin 

As Easter passes by. 



" Paddle your own canoe " may go 
When wintry winds are blowing; 

But summer girls should fix it so 
That men shall do the rowing. 




PINE SQUIRREL. 
Photograph made after sunset ; 4 seconds, open lens. 



419 



THE NEST OE THE BROWN THRUSH. 



ANGUS GAINES. 



On the North side the creek would have 
found ample room to expand over the wide 
low bar of white sand that stretched out 
toward the willow thicket; but that was 
precisely the course which it did not choose 
to take. Creeping close by the high South- 
ern bank, and half undermining the wildly 
tangled osage hedge, it made a final sharp 
turn, before losing itself in the Wabash, 
and spent its last strength in a dash against 
the high, wooded ridge. 



usually I was the only human visitor. I 
have spent many a long summer day there, 
lying in the thick blue grass on the over- 
hanging bank, or sitting on some, great 
tree trunk that bridged the stream. Some- 
times I would read, but more often I would 
watch the varied forms of life about me. 

Harmless little snakes sported in the 
water or basked upon the low sand bars. 
Lazy turtles sunned themselves on stones 
and logs. In the long summer twilight I 




NEST OF THE BROWN THRUSH. 



On one side flashes of reflected sunlight, 
dancing fitfully through the dense tangle of 
willows, suggested the broad river beyond; 
but high banks, hedges and trees, in close 
semicircle, cut off the landward view and 
gave no hint of the proximity of traveled 
road or cultivated fields. 

In this miniature wilderness nature 
reigned supreme. Strange birds, never 
seen in the fields and meadows near by, 
paused in their migratory flights and 
dropped down here as their ancestors had 
done before their domain was invaded by 
man. Truant schoolboys and juvenile 
sportsmen invaded the place at times, but 



could see myriads of great waterbugs circ- 
ling about on the surface of the stream, and 
muskrats frolicking on the banks or seem- 
ing to play tag in the water. 

Every part of the day and night had a dif- 
ferent attraction, and the sights and sounds 
also changed with the weather. On fine 
days a good variety of song birds made the 
creekside musical with their notes, and in 
cloudy, gloomy weather, when these song- 
sters were mute and discouraged, when the 
snakes were hid and even the turtles had 
plunged into the water to get out of the 
rain, the brown thrushes poured forth their 
matchless bursts of song. 



420 



THE NEST OE THE BROWN THRUSH. 



421 



Slow and deliberate their melody seemed 
when heard at a distance. It opened with a 
prelude of 3 distinct notes, each followed 
by a pause. Then, after a brief rest, came 3 
more and different notes, terminating, as it 
seemed, in the long drawn out syllable 
che-e-e. On nearing the singer, so that the 
elements of the melody could be more 
clearly distinguished the song was found 
more complicated and difficult to describe 
than it first appeared. Softer notes could be 
heard filling every pause until it almost 
seemed that the bird was singing 2 songs at 
once. Heard more distinctly the closing 
note of each burst of melody was no longer 
a simple che-e-e, but a most charming trill, 
rapidly uttered, tremulous and beyond de- 
scription. 

Dark days, gloomy weather and the long 
shadows of approaching night were the de- 
light of the thrushes, and it was when other 
songsters were mute and discouraged that 
they most joyed in displaying their gifts. 
On bright clear days they fled to this shel- 
tered spot beside the creek to escape from 
the glaring sunlight; and here their songs 
could often be heard all day. 

Have I ever found their nests and seen 
their eggs and young? Many a time; but 
if I tell you where, I do so in strict confi- 
dence, and you must never reveal the spot 
to any naturalist; for he would rob the nest 
to get specimens for his cabinet. He might 
even think stuffed thrushes were desirable 
curiosities. 



There were several small trees standing 
in the osage hedge on the high bank, and 
one of these, undermined by the stream and 
apparently crowded off by its neighbors, 
had lost its footing and bent low toward 
the water. The wild grape vines had caught 
it in their long arms, stayed it in its fall and 
had hidden its decay with their luxuriant 
green. Beneath the swaying sapling the 
tangled sprays of vines were loosely 
wreathed together, and in this living net the 
decaying twigs and fallen branches had been 
caught and held in jagged clusters. 

On this picturesque foundation the 
thrush, year after year, builds her nest, of 
dry leaves, plastered together with mud and 
lined with the finest hair-like roots, and 
soft moss. Her 4 eggs are of a delicate 
light blue color, with perhaps a light shade 
of green, but free from all spots and mark- 
ings. 

Beneath this overhanging screen of sway- 
ing branches and vines I once found shelter 
from a sudden shower and watched the old 
bird sitting fearlessly on her nest, while her 
mate, heedless of rain and visitor, sang on 
undisturbed. As I emerged from this re- 
treat the low sun peered out between the 
thunder clouds; a rainbow spanned the 
Eastern sky, its colors mimicked by the 
sparkling drops shaken flashing from the 
dripping leaves, and the tireless thrush, bal- 
anced on a swaying spray of vine, poured 
forth a fresh burst of song. 




A GROUP OF GRIZZLIES. 

Killed by W. E. Carlin and W. H. Wright, and exhibited by Recreation, at the Third Annual Sportsmen's 

Exposition. 



.--" 





AMATEUR PHOTOGRAPH BY HENRY ALLINDER. 

IN THE HAUNTS OF SALMO FONTINALIS. 



THE ORIGIN OF XEGRO MINSTRELSY. 



VAUGHAN KESTER. 



Othello was the first negro on the Eng- 
lish speaking stage — if Shakespeare's coffee 
colored savage can be justly called a negro. 
Then in 1696 there came Oroonoko, in the 
tragedy of that name. Oroonoko was a 
somber figure, much addicted to Grecian 
poses, Roman togas, and stilted blank verse. 

This sable gentleman was endured for 
some time. Indeed such was his vogue that 
the negro seemed destined for a lasting 
place in the serious drama. When in 1768, 
the shackles of tradition were cast aside, 
and Mungo, in the comic opera of " The 
Padlock," stepped upon the stage, comedy 
succeeded tragedy, for Mungo was denied 
the superior privileges of blank verse, and 
had to content himself with doggerel of dis- 
tinctly undignified tone. 

These 3 characters w-ere creations of the 
English stage. It remained for America 
to give the negro permanency, to evolve a 
special form of entertainment wherein he 
should reign supreme without the touch of 
contrast and dependent solely on his own 
abundant humor and sentiment for perpe- 
tuity. 

As early as 1815 representations of negro 
life in the South were popular with the 
American public. The first sketches of this 
kind are said to have been given by clowns 
in the circus ring, but it was not until 1842, 
that negro minstrelsy, as we now under- 
stand the term, was inaugurated, and before 
this time " Jim Crow Rice " had seen his 
best day, as had also his numerous imita- 
tors. In short the negro seemed about ex- 
hausted as a factor in current amusements, 
when the chance but lucky hit of 4 stranded 
musicians, in negro songs and sayings, 
proved that there was still both fame and 
money to be made from our dusky brother. 

Of the first band of minstrels, Dan. D. 
Emmett is the only surviving member, and 
he is now best known, where known at all, 
as the author of " Dixie," " Old Dan 
Tucker," etc. 

However, in his day Emmett was a 
" burnt cork artist " of considerable note. 
He made old men his specialty and was 
great in this line of work. He has solemnly 
assured me that when he had blacked his 
face, and donned his wig of kinky white hair 
he was "the best old nigger that ever lived." 

Emmett was born at Mount Vernon, 
Ohio, in 1815. He came of a family whose 
members all possessed a more than ordinary 
talent for music, and in his own case this 
talent amounted to a sort of genius. 

As a boy Emmett learned the printers' 
trade, and when he had mastered it, drifted 
about the country in search of work. He 
finally abandoned his trade to become a 



member of Oscar Brown's circus company. 
This was at Cincinnati in 1835. 

For the succeeding 8 years his sum- 
mers were spent in the South and West and 
his winters in Cincinnati, where a perma- 
nent circus held forth during that portion 
of the year when travel was impossible. 

It was during these years that Emmett 
did his first " sketches," assisted by a fel- 
low member cf the troupe by the name of 
Frank Browes. They were nominally 
members of the band only, but it devolved 
upon them, as a part of their duties, to go 
in the ring at each performance, where they 
would give a short entertainment consist- 
ing of songs and dances. 

The songs were mostly of Emmett's own 
composition. " Old Dan Tucker" was writ- 
ten about this time and first sung by Em- 
mett in the ring. In its original form it was 
what would now be called a " topical song " 
as new verses, with local hits, were added 
whenever it was sung. 

The spring of 1842, found Emmett in 
New York City out of an engagement and 
with but scant chance of securing one. 
Browes was with him, and no better off. 
As nothing offered they took to playing 
and singing in saloons, concert halls — any 
place, in fact, where crowds could congre- 
gate and a hat be passed. 

One day as they were at work enlarging 
their repertory, at Emmett's boarding place 
in Catharine Street, Billy Whetlock and 
Dick Phelom — two friends whose condition 
was scarcely an improvement on their own 
— dropped in upon them quite by chance. 
It was suggested by Emmett that they give 
Nate Howe, who w-as managing a show at 
the old Amphitheatre, on the Bowery, a. 
" shiveree." 

The proposition meeting with the ap- 
proval of all, the 4 armed themselves with 
various instruments and strolled down to 
the Amphitheatre. They surprised Howe in 
the hallway, and surrounding him before he 
could make good his escape, they gave the 
" Lucy Long walk 'round " in the most 
approved negro style. 

Oddly enough Howe was charmed — 
" Boys," he said. " you have struck a great 
thing, keep it up." 

Delighted at finding him so enthusiastic 
they continued " to keep it up " until a 
crowd had gathered about them. In the 
crowd was Bartlett. the landlord of the 
" Branch Hotel," a famous theatrical resort 
of the day. He invited them over to his 
place, an invitation they at once accepted, 
and when they had disposed of certain re- 
freshments that he ordered for them, they 
give a performance, in his billiard-room, 



423 



424 



KECREA TION. 



which, in a crude way, contained all the ele- 
ments of modern minstrelsy. Their success 
was so great that it decided them to con- 
tinue practice together. 

The first appearance of the 4 on any 
regular stage was at the Chatham Theater, 
the event being Phelom's benefit. After this 
they played one night at the Amphitheatre, 
and as pay for their services were given 
cuts of themselves in character. They were 
now known as the " Virginia Minstrels." 

The scene of their next triumph was a 
saloon called the " Cornucopia." Near this 
was the Park Theater, with Walshe's circus 
as the attraction. As they drew largely on 
Walshe's patrons for support, he finally 
offered them a week's engagement. They 





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DAN EMMETT, THE FATHER OF NEGRO 
MINSTRELSY. 

were to receive $100 and a benefit. Their 
profits on the week were a little over $700. 

From the Park Theater the Virginia 
Minstrels went to Boston, and played to 
large and fashionable audiences in that city. 
Meanwhile Phelom had become infected 
with the idea that riches and fame would re- 
sult from a trip to England, and the other 
members of the troupe were so elated with 
their success that it was probably an easy 
matter for him to bring them around to his 
point of view. 

They returned to New York and after 
giving Walshe a rousing benefit sailed for 
the other side. 

Arrangements had been made for them to 
appear at the Adelphi Theater, London, 



under the management of one Anderson, 
" The Wizard of the North." Anderson 
w r as a sleight of hand performer and the 
minstrels gave their entertainment during 
his rests. 

They remained 6 weeks at the Adelphi, 
but the engagement was not a pecuniary 
success. Either Anderson's sleight of hand 
was as potent in the box office as on the 
stage, or else their agent was dishonest, for 
at the end of the run the minstrels were all 
but penniless. 

Then followed a short but disastrous 
season in the provinces, and the first min- 
strel troupe came to an abrupt and inglori- 
ous end. 

Browes and Whitlock returned home, 
while Emmett with Phelom secured a posi- 
tion in the band of the American Circus 
company, then touring England. 

Emmett remained abroad until 1844, 
when he returned to New York, only to 
find that minstrelsy had undergone a great 
change; so great, in fact, that he felt himself 
altogether out of it. 

It was not until 1858 that he again vent- 
ured upon the stage. In that year he be- 
came a member of Bryant's minstrels at 472 
Broadway. He was engaged to compose 
songs and " Walk'rounds," but not to take 
part in the performance. However, Bryant 
soon had him on the stage once more, as 
banjoist and vocalist. 

It was while he was a member of Bryant's 
company that the famous song of " Dixie " 
was composed. This song was hastily writ- 
ten, one Sunday afternoon, in response to a 
demand of Bryant's for a -new walk'round 
for the following Monday's entertainment. 

There have been many accounts given as 
to the origin of " Dixie." The one most 
commonly accepted is that it grew note by 
note of its own volition, and that Emmett 
simply put on paper something that already 
existed. 

The truth is that Emmett had the single 
line, " I wish I was in Dixie " to start with. 
Now oddly enough " Dixie " or " Dixie 
land " originally referred to an estate on 
Manhattan Island, owned by a man of the 
name of Dixy early in the last century. Dixy 
was an extensive slave holder, until the 
spread of the anti-slavery sentiment in the 
North, and the constantly increasing risk 
that attended the ownership of this kind of 
property forced him either to sell or remove 
his slaves South; and from these slaves or 
their descendants came the expression 
" Dixie land," signifying their attachment 
for their old home and master. 

The phrase passed into the current speech 
of the people, gradually losing all local 
reference. 

But a chance allusion by John Randolph 
to Mason's and Dixon's line, in a speech de- 
livered by him in 1820, revived the memory 
of that now famous survey, and in some 
way " Dixie " — doubtless from its similarity 



THE ORIGIN OF NEGRO MINSTRELSY. 



425 



to Dixon — was given a place in the South, 
for when Emmett first heard the expression 
as a young man, it was from the lips of 
circus men, who, when caught by a spell of 
unseasonable weather in the North, were 
wont to wish they were in " Dixie land." 

The song of " Dixie " won instant popu- 
larity. It came just prior to the war, and the 
South at once appropriated it as a national 
anthem. Thousands, perhaps millions, of 
copies of the song were printed and sold in 
the Southern cities, each publisher giving 
the credit of authorship to a different com- 
poser. 

Ferth & Pond, to whom Emmett had 
sold the rights to Dixie for $500, very 
naturally wished to protect their property, 
but it was not until after the war was ended 
that they were able to do so. Then Em- 
mett, at their request, advanced and proved 
his claim to the authorship of the piece. 

Emmett remained with Bryant until 1865, 



when he established himself with Charley 
White in the management of a place of 
amusement called " The Melodian " on the 
Bowery. The enterprise was attended with 
considerable success, but Emmett became 
dissatisfied, and decided to branch out by 
himself. He removed to St. Paul and 
opened a minstrel show in that city, but to 
poor business. 

Hoping to better himself he secured a 
theater in Chicago, but bad luck followed 
him there, and after a short and very costly 
experience he was glad enough to retire 
from the field. This was about his last ap- 
pearance as a " burnt cork artist." 

In 1888 Emmett returned to Mount Ver- 
non, Ohio, wishing to end his days there, 
and there he still lives, his few simple wants 
amply supplied by the Actors' Fund of 
America, which grants him a weekly pen- 
sion. 



Editor Recreation: I have pleasure in 
sending you a photo of a deer, killed by an 
old Indian last November. It was frozen 
stiff and we stood its fore legs in a barrel 
in order to make the picture. 

You will notice there are 2 hooks on the 
last prongs of both antlers. Counting all 




the protuberances he has upward of 35 
points 

A great many people have called to see 
the head, among them several old hunters, 
and all declare it a marvel. I should like to 
hear from some of the readers of Recrea- 
tion in regard to the scarcity of such heads. 
K. H. C, Leech, Minn. 




ROCKY MOUNTAIN GOATS. 

Killed by W. E. Carlin, and exhibited by Recreation, at 
the Third Annual Sportsmen's Exposition. 

" Mayrh, do you understand this new X- 
ray process? " 

"Oh. yes; it's a method of curing sick 
people by letting them look at photographs 
of their bones." 




ANTELOPE HEAD, SHOWING DEFORMED ANTLERS. 



The subject of the inclosed photo is one 
of the most peculiar cases of retroverted, or 
drop horns, I have ever seen in the antelope 
tribe. This animal was killed on a high, dry- 
ridge, between the 2 Laramie rivers, about 
12 miles from the town of Laramie, Wyo., 
some 4 years ago. 

The attention of hunters was first called 
to the animal by his walking backward, in 
a half circle, when feeding. He was very 
wild and avoided death for many months, 



although being continuously hunted. More 
than ioo shots were fired at him before he 
met his death. He was fat and in fine condi- 
tion when killed. Examination discloses 
the fact that on account of the peculiar 
shape and length of his drooping horns he 
could not feed satisfactorily while walking 
forward, so he walked backward in order 
to reach the grass. 

W. H. R., Laramie, Wyo. 



THE ARMY PACK TRAIN SERVICE. 



BRECKONS. 



The pack train service was, in times past, 
one of the most important though least 
heard of adjuncts of the United States 
Army. It performed a large share in the 
military movements in the West, during the 
past 30 years, and without it the army would 
have been almost useless in Indian cam- 
paigns. 

The central depot and training grounds, 
for the pack service, are at Camp Carlin, 
near .Cheyenne, formerly the supply depot 
for the Department of the Platte. Here 
the men and mules designed for the ser- 
vice were trained; and from here pack 
trains were organized, equipped and sent to 



various army commands in Texas, Arizona, 
and California when required. 

The service was and still is in charge of 
Col. Thomas Moore, chief packer of the 
United States Army, a grizzled veteran of 
over 30 years army service, who can at 6 
hours' notice put a pack train, equipped for 
a year's field service, at the disposal of any 
command requiring it. 

Nine men, 47 or 48 mules and one horse 
constitute a pack train for active service. 
The men are the packmaster, 2 super- 
cargoes, or " Cargadoras," and 6 packers. 
Of the mules, 9 are for riding, 3 for packs 
and one, and sometimes 2, extras for 



426 



THE ARMY PACK TRAIN SERVICE. 



427 



emergencies. The horse wears the bell 
and shares with the packmaster the honor 
of the leadership of the train. One of the 
packers must be a blacksmith and one a 
cook. Usually all of the men are qualified 
for the duties of both professions. 

Although part of the army the men are 
civilians and not required to enlist. They 
are paid $50 a month. It requires 6 
months' training to make a fairly good 
packer of a green hand, and several years 
to make him an expert. Only ablebodied 
men are hired. None weighing under 170 
pounds are taken, and every applicant must 
be able to lift 200 pounds to the level of 
his chin. 

No uniform is required. Most of the 
men wear a modification of a cowboy's 
costume. On a campaign they are armed 



for bedding for the men. On the folded 
blanket is placed the pack saddle, shaped 
like a saw buck, and technically called an 
" apperajo." The corunna, blanket and 
pack saddle constitute the " rigging." On 
the rigging are fastened the loads done up 
in two " manteaus," or 6 foot squares of 
heavy duck cloth. They are lashed with a 
Y% inch rope, 28 to 36 feet long, called the 
" layer." A sling rope, of the same size and 
length, ties the loads across the top of the 
rigging. The loads and rigging are secured 
to the animal by a lash rope h of an inch 
in diameter and 52 feet long. The lash 
rope has a broad leather cinch at one end, 
which is passed under the belly of the ani- 
mal. A " diamond hitch " across the top 
of the load is the method of tying. A 
leather blind called " tappojo " is put over 





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A GROUP OF PACKERS. 






with Cavalry carbines, revolvers and hunt- 
ing knives. In camp, and at the Camp 
Carlin depot, the men feed and groom the 
mules, train green animals to the use of 
packs, and every alternate day take the train 
out for a practice march of from 20 to 30 
miles. For drilling purposes and practice 
the animals carry loads of 300 pounds. In 
active service 275 pounds is the maximum 
load. This is made up of tenting, bedding, 
cooking utensils, rations and ammunition. 
One mule can carry 100 field rations. Or- 
dinarily one half of the train carries rations, 
the balance carrying tenting, ammunition 
and miscellaneous supplies. 

A pack mule's equipment is somewhat 
complicated. On the animal's back is first 
placed the " corunna," or crown, consist- 
ing of a quilted pad lined with canvas, as 
a sweat cloth, and numbered so that it may 
always be used on the same animal. On 
top of the corunna is placed a good heavy 
blanket 6 feet wide by 7 feet 6 inches long. 
This is folded to 6 thicknesses and serves 



the animal's eyes while the rigging and load 
are being put on, and the first lesson taught 
a pack mule is to have him stand stock still 
while the tappojo is over his eyes. 

The bell horse is the nabob of the train. 
He carries no load nor rider. A soft toned, 
tinkling bell, hung to a strap around his 
neck, announces every move he makes and 
the pack mules follow him when he walks 
or crowd around him when he stands. On 
the march the bell horse is never ridden but 
is led by one of the packers. When the 
mules are grazing the bell horse is hobbled, 
except when apprehensive of attack, when a 
man holds him by his halter. Bridles are 
never used on the animals. A " tie up " is 
made with the bell horse at the right of the 
line, mule number one tied to the bell 
horse's halter and each of the other mules 
tied to the rigging of his predecessor in the 
line. A tie up can be made by an expert 
train in 2 minutes. 

With a nucleus of 20 well trained mule? 
enough green mules to make up a full train 



428 



RECREA TION. 



can be trained in 6 weeks to 2 months. It re- 
quires 6 months to break in a full train of all 
green mules. Since 1885 over 500 mules have 
been broken into the pack service, at Camp 
Carlin, and sent to do service with the 
various commands in Texas, Arizona and 
Montana. The mules are bought at St. 
Louis. None over 6 or under 4 years of age 
are taken and none under 850 pounds in 
weight. Animals found to be vicious are 
not kept in the pack service but are turned 
over to the tender mercies of the " mule 
skinners " of the wagon trains. 

The pack service has always been used 
to some extent in the army, but it was put 



of the past 25 years. On the march the po- 
sition of the trains is alongside the Cavalry, 
giving the troops the right of way. In a 
fight the pack train, with all superfluous 
baggage and horses, is usually placed in 
the centre of the command. 

" The first big fight I went into with 
Crook," said Col. Moore, " was at the 
Rosebud. The battle was in the bad lands 
and the country was so rough the men had 
to do most of the fighting dismounted. Be- 
fore the fight the General said to me: ' Now 
Moore, when we get into this fight what do 
you intend to do?' 'Keep in the middle 
of it,' I said, ' so you can defend your sup- 




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THE DIAMOND HITCH. 



BUNCHING THE TRAIN. 



into its present efficient state by Col. 
Moore, who in 1867, under orders of Gen. 
Crook, organized the service as it is now 
conducted and established a central depot 
for training and drilling men and mules. 
Col. Moore has been in all the important 
Indian campaigns in the West. From 1867 
until 1871 he was with Gen. Crook in Idaho, 
California and Oregan, taking part in the 
subjugation of the Piutes in these States. 
From 1871 to 1875 ne was with Crook in 
the Apache campaigns, and in 1875 and 
1876 in the big campaign against the Sioux 
nation in Wyoming, Montana and Dakota. 
In 1877 Col. Moore and his pack train were 
with Gen. Merritt and Col. Hart in the 
memorable chase across Idaho, Wyoming 
and Montana after the celebrated Chief Jo- 
seph and his band of Nez Perces. In 1885 
Moore had several pack trains in the 
Apache campaign, with Gen. Miles, and his 
men and mules were in the famous forced 
marches in Arizona which ended with 
Geronimo's capture. Col. Moore's last 
field service was in the winter of 1890 and 
1891 in the Pine Ridge campaign. Eight 
hours after the outbreak, in response to a 
telegram from Gen. Brooke, Col. Moore 
had 2 trains ready for the field. 

Col. Moore and his pack trains have 
shared with the troops almost every battle 
with the Indians in the various campaigns 



plies while you are defending yourselves.' 
' That's all right,' said Crook, and we went 
into the affair just that way and adopted 
the same tactics always afterward." 

" Mules are not so easily stampeded as 
horses," continued the Colonel. " Once in 
Idaho, when we were moving supplies with- 
out an escort, we were surprised at night by 
a party of Indians who tried to run off the 
train. We had 3 full pack trains and 
2 night herders out with each. The In- 
dians raised a big commotion and whooped 
and yelled and fired into the herd, but the 
mules, instead of running, huddled into a 
bunch and crowded around the bell horses 
until we drove the Indians away. Seven- 
teen mules were shot during the scrim- 
mage but not an animal was run off." 

Col. Moore is looked upon, in army cir- 
cles, as an authority on army supply 
transportation. He has letters from Gen. 
Crook, Gen. Merritt and other Indian 
fighters endorsing and approving his views 
on the superiority of pack train over wagon 
service in army operations in the West. 

He has had offers from the French gov- 
ernment to superintend the organization 
of a pack train service from the French 
army in Algiers, and from the British 
to organize a like service in the Soudan; 
but prefers remaining in his present posi- 
tion. 



;"%;; 







DRAWN FOR RECREATION BV CARL W 



IN CENTRAL PARK MENAGERIE. 




IN THE GARDEN OF THE GODS, COLORADO. 




BY COURTESY OF "THE PROFESSIONAL PHOTOGRAPHER. 

"NOW LOOK PLEASANT, PLEASE." 
430 



WILD TURKEY SHOOTING. 



CAPT. C. J. CRANE, U.S.A. 



For the first hour after leaving the roost 
in the morning turkeys are very busy eat- 
ing, and during that time the hunter can 
approach them more easily than in the mid- 
dle of the day. Pecans, acorns, grass seeds, 
berries, and green grass constitute their 
diet in Texas and the Indian Territory. In 
New Mexico and Arizona they have no 
pecans, but are very fond of the nuts from 
the pifion and pine trees, which are abun- 
dant. 

If at the break of day the hunter is in the 
vicinity of the roost, but has not seen the 
turkeys, he will easily discover their where- 
abouts from the noise they usually make 
before flying down. In the middle of the 
day the best hiding places, usually thick 
imderbrush, will have to be searched to 
find them. In a prairie country the timber 
is nearly all concentrated along the water- 
courses, and pecan and cottonwood trees 
offer good roosts, and the underbrush gives 
good hiding places. In the mountains of 
the far Southwest, concealment is easy, the 
real trouble being, not for the turkey to 
hide, but for the hunter to find him. 

When not much hunted, turkeys will 
sometimes fly into low trees to get some- 
thing to eat. Sometimes they do so to hide, 
especially when suddenly disturbed by 
dogs or wild animals. Some hunters use 
dogs in hunting them, the dog being trained 
to rush suddenly among them, when some 
or all of the flock will take to the trees, and 
give opportunities for several shots. 

The son of our post commander — a boy 
of about 16 — one day killed 8 turkeys out of 
a single flock; his pointer dog treeing the 
birds. 

I went hunting the same day, and thought 
I did well to kill 2 birds, but I had no dog. 
Dogs that have been trained to hunt quails 
take naturally to turkey hunting. The large 
bird will hide like the small one, wherever 
it can find concealment, and like the small 
bird, will fly out of cover and offer a good 
shot. 

I was with a hunting party from Fort 
Sill, in December, 1887, on Deep Red creek, 
and one day killed 9 birds, all but one hav- 
ing been flushed and shot like quails. 

An old turkey hen, with a brood of small 
ones, will make the little birds conceal 
themselves, and while they are escaping she 
will run around trying to keep attention 
directed to herself, in this resembling all 
other birds. 

The senses of seeing and hearing are ex- 
tremely well developed in turkeys, and they 
waste no time in settling the question as to 
whether the object just seen is a man or 
only a stump. A deer may stop to make 



sure before running away, but the bird 
seems to see correctly at once, and to need 
no confirmation of its suspicions. Still, 
when advantage is taken of every cover and 
inequality of the ground, it is possible to get 
very close to a flock, close enough some- 
times for the hunter to use both barrels 
with deadly effect. 

No other bird in America can run so fast 
as the turkey, but when caught some dis*- 
tance away from thick woods they have fre- 
quently been run down and captured by a 
horseman. They cannot fly more than from 
Yi to 24 of a mile the first flight, even when 
thin, and if fat the distance will be less. 
The second flight will be much shorter; the 
same with the second run, so that many 
turkeys have been run down and caught 
after running and flying from Y? a mile to 2 
miles. 

The poor things get so exhausted that 
they cannot fly any more and cannot run 
faster than a man can walk. Of course the 
chase would have to be pushed without any 
let up, in order to be successful. It is said — 
and I believe it — that the Indians of Arizona 
sometimes run down and catch turkeys, in 
their mountains, on foot. 

While hunting, the proximity of a flock, 
or even of one bird, can often be detected 
from the signs around, such as fresh tracks, 
scratching, droppings, etc. The presence of 
anything that turkeys eat should keep the 
hunter always on the lookout. A good- 
looking piece of woods for squirrels and 
deer, 'possums and 'coons, will be just as 
good for turkeys, and more care must be 
taken. The hunter must be ready to shoot, 
for the birds will surely run or fly as soon as 
they see or hear him, and it is generally use- 
less to race after them. It will be good 
hunting to find them again an hour af- 
ter. Sunken paths, ravines, or creek-beds 
should be followed for short distances at a 
time, with frequent peering over the bank 
and examining of the surrounding country. 

A turkey call is of great assistance at any 
season of the year, especially when the birds 
are about to mate in the Spring. If the birds 
are young and have not been made wild by 
hunting, a party of hunters could kill more 
of them by merely locating the roost, dur- 
ing the day, and shooting at night. 

This requires that the hunters should all 
be skilled in night shooting. Usually, how- 
ever, turkeys are hunted all day, and at 
night too, if their roost can be located. 

Turkeys are usually fattest in the Spring, 
but it is not right to kill them then, and in 
most States they are protected by law. 

In the open countries, Oklahoma and In- 
dian Territories, turkey hunting, as it has 



431 



THE PRAIRIE DOG AT HOME. 



433 



existed, will soon be a thing of the past. In 
the mountains of Arizona and New Mexico 
it is such hard work to hunt that game of 
all kinds will exist for a long time. It is not 
likely that those mountains will ever be 
thickly settled, therefore turkeys, deer, and 
bear will continue to find there homes se- 
cure enough to prevent their total extinc- 
tion. 

The numbers of turkeys killed in Texas 
and the old Indian Territory will never 
again be equalled. In the winter of '86-'87, 
on Deep Red creek South of Fort Sill, a 
hunting party of about 10 hunters killed in 
one night more than 80 turkeys, and about 



125 in 3 days. One year from that date, an- 
other party, having in it several hunters of 
the year before, hunted that same creek 
for more than 20 miles, killing but 5 in 5 
days. 

The shotgun, loaded heavily with BB 
shot, is the best weapon 10 use for these 
birds, although smaller shot do better 
against a half-grown one, not tearing the 
flesh so badly. The rifle is often used too, 
and I have even killed 2 turkeys at one shot 
with a rifle; but a large bullet tears so badly 
that it almost spoils the bird. It is good 
shooting to kill a turkey with a rifle, and to 
kill 2 at one shot is always accidental. 



THE PRAIRIE DOG AT HOME. 



GEO. G. CANTWELL. 



One of the novelties to the Eastern trav- 
eler crossing the plains is a prairie dog 
town. Although he may never have seen 
one of these rodents before, its saucy face is 
instantly recognized, for its fame has spread 
over the land. A spirit of romance hovers 
about this little dweller of the plains, and he 
is almost the last picturesque feature in the 
great panorama of the West, now rapidly 
fading away. 

When our first daring pioneers pushed 
their way across the Kansas prairies, they 
found the prairie dog there, filling in the 
little places not occupied by buffalo or In- 
dians. But alas, for the little dog! He has 
watched from the top of his mound the In- 
dian chasing the last buffalo over his town. 
The buffalo has gone and the Indians have 
nearly all departed to the happy hunting 
grounds; yet the little dog is there still. 
The Texas steer and the cowboy have long 
been his companions, but they, too, are fast 
passing away. 

Approaching civilization has served to 
make the drog crafty and to sharpen his 
wits, for it is only by persistent watchful- 
ness, that he has been able to hold his own 
against a pest of enemies. 

Although scattered generally throughout 
their range the dogs seem to court the so- 
ciety of man, for they are most plentiful 
about the outskirts of villages and along the 
roads among the ranches. Their colonies, 
or towns, as they are called, are generally 
on high, dry ground, sometimes on hill- 
sides, but never in the creek bottoms. They 
have a dread of water. Instinct seems to 
warn them of its dangers, and in later days 
the small boy has taught them the folly of 
locating under the slope of irrigating 
ditches. 

On the high plains water is not found 



running along every roadside, for the boys 
to dip out by the canful, and pour into the 
holes to drown the dogs out as they would 
drown a gopher. 

When holes are dug in level places, the 
dogs pile the dirt that is taken out, about 
the entrance, so as to bring the opening of 
the tunnel a foot or more above the sur- 
rounding surface. The holes are large for 
the size of their owners, for 2 dogs can pass 
each other easily, in most of them. The 
hole goes almost straight down, for 3 or 4 
feet; then makes a sharp turn, and con- 
tinues 8 or 10 feet on a slight inclination up- 
ward, where it ends in a chamber, a foot or 
more in width, and 2 to 5 feet under the sur- 
face. 

In an ordinary town of a few dozen dwel- 
lers, the holes are usually about 25 feet 
apart; but in the large colonies, where they 
occupy hundreds of acres, the holes are 
close together, and the tunnels join each 
other in a perfect network. This is the 
cause of many a family row. In this tene- 
ment style of living, fierce combats are 
waged between jealous males. 

As a general thing the prairie dog feeds 
on roots, grass, alfalfa when they can get it, 
and almost anything that goes to make up 
the food of a rabbit; but unlike the rabbit, 
the dog eats also lizards, toads, snakes, 
grasshoppers and other insects. He is 
about the size and shape of the musk-rat; 
of a light golden color, darker on the back, 
and shading to black on the tail. This is 
the species that lives in Eastern Colorado. 
In the mountains another variety has taken 
up its home, in the grassy parks below the 
snow-capped peaks. He is similar to the 
plains variety, but is the proud possessor 
of a white tail, and is known as the white- 
tailed prairie dog (Cynomys leiicurus) . 



434 



RECREA TION. 



We probably all remember the pictures, 
in our old geographies, of prairie dogs, bur- 
rowing owls, and rattlesnakes, all dwelling 
peacefully in the same hole, lying down to- 
gether, as it were. It became such a fixed 
idea in our minds that it was readily taken 
for granted; but when stripped of its ro- 
mance, we find these creatures on anything 
but sociable terms. The little owl is around 
sure enough, but more than likely the hole 
he inhabits was deserted before he occupied 
it. You may see a rattlesnake about, also; 
but you are just as likely to see one any- 
where else; for the whole country is their 
habitation. A snake in a dog town is any- 




thing but at home, and if he seeks a hole it 
is from necessity and not from choice. 

I have never seen any of the alleged gray- 
haired patriarch dogs doing sentinel duty, 
while the others fed at leisure. In fact, they 
all appear to be sentinels, every one for 
himself; for the way they act on the " self 
preservation " principle, would lead one to 
believe they thought their little pelts as 
valuable as those of the sea otter, and that 
they objected seriously to allowing any of 
them to be placed on the market. 

I remember the first dog town I ever vis- 
ited. I was on the outskirts of Colorado 
Springs. I came suddenly over a rise of 
ground to a level mesa, and there, almost 
at my feet, scampered hundreds of fat, 
clumsy, prairie dogs, each one making for 
his mound, and immediately lowering him- 
self into the hole, but with a pair of bright 
eyes just showing over the rim, and a ner- 
vous tail dusting the edge of the opposite 
side. Then with a hurried glance at the in- 
truder, and with a shrill chatter, as a final 



salute, down he went. In a remarkably 
short time every dog within 200 yards had 
disappeared. Now and then a timid head 
could be seen, peering at me over the edge 
of the mound, its owner giving vent to an 
occasional bark, much like that of a smal] 
domestic dog, but sharper. At the least 
suspicious movement, on my part, all in 
sight would immediately seek the shelter of 
their holes. As far as the eye could reach 
might be seen excited little chaps running 
over the uneven ground, headed for home, 
almost out of rifle range. 

I had a small rifle with me and attempted 
to creep up within range of several dogs 
I had seen at a distance; but it was of no 
use. I could get no nearer than 200 yards. 
Then I concluded to wait for some of them 
to come up. I sat down in a place where 
burrows were numerous; but none came in 
view, although I waited half an hour and 
kept perfectly still. I was beginning to gain 
considerable respect for the little rascals; 
and to understand how it was they were 
able to hold their own so well in the neigh- 
borhood of a city where people were in the 
fields, hunting, almost daily. The dogs 
make a tempting mark and the man who 
can go out on foot and shoot a number of 
them is indeed a good shot. However, 
there is a way to get them, and that is to 
approach on horseback. They are not so 
suspicious of four-footed creatures as they 
are of man. 

Later I managed, with a camera, to out- 
wit this same colony. By a good deal of 
manoeuvring, very close to the ground, I 
succeeded in focusing on some interest- 
ing groups. 

Their location was evidently one of long 
standing, for almost half the holes were un- 
occupied, and a good many owls and cot- 
ton-tail rabbits had taken up quarters in the 
vacant holes. 

The prairie dog can be found all over this 
part of the country, living as he has always 
lived, and whether away out on the plains, 
a thousand miles from nowhere, or holding 
down the choicest corner lots in a " busted 
boom " town, he is always the same inde- 
pendent, happy bit of Western nature. 



Husband (at breakfast, opening a bis- 
cuit) — " My dear, why are you greater than 
the ancient Israelites?" 

Wife (thoughtfully)—" I really don't 
know." 

Husband — " They made bricks without 
straw; while you can make them of flour." 




COMMODORE HARRY T. DEANE, AND HIS MODEL YACHT "RECREATION." 



THE SHEEP EATER CAMPAIGN. 



LT. M. D. HARDIN, U.S.A. 



In the spring of 1879, while troop G, 1st 
Cavalry, in which I was then a corporal, was 
stationed at that delightful post, Boise Bar- 
racks, Idaho, orders were received direct- 
ing the troop to take the field as soon as the 
snow on the mountains would permit, in 
search of some Indians who, during the 
previous winter had murdered some Chi- 
nese miners on Loon creek, Idaho. These 
Indians were called " Sheep Eaters." I 
had never heard of them before; but in- 
quiry among pioneers brought the informa- 
tion that they were a small band located 
somewhere in the Salmon river country. 
They had never been on a reservation, and 
had been known since the early 6o's when 
the gold fever first broke out in Idaho. 
Some said the band was made up of rene- 
gades from other tribes; and this is all the 
information, concerning the origin of the 
Sheep Eaters, I have ever received. 

We did not get started on our hunt until 
about the last of May. As we were to travel 
with pack-mule transportation, it was neces- 
sary to go lightly equipped, with no tentage 
save what could be made up of the one 
piece of shelter-tent issued to each man. 
The command consisted of troop G, 1st 
Cavalry, about 50 men, and 2 civilian scouts, 
under command of Brevet Colonel R. F. 
Bernard, Captain 1st Cavalry — now Lieu- 
tenant Colonel Qth Cavalry, and Brevet 
Brigadier General U. S. Army. 

On leaving Boise City we at once struck 
into the mountains to the Northward; 
passed through Idaho City, and then disap- 
peared from the world. From that time 
until our return, 100 days later, we were 
either climbing up or sliding down moun- 
tains, making our own trail generally, and 
keeping within the region that in the 10th 
census report of Idaho is branded " Unex- 
plored.'' 

On examining almost any map of Idaho 
of that date, the reader might be persuaded 
that somewhere in the section traversed by 
us one might find a piece of level ground 
large enough for a football field. But the 
reader must not be deceived by the maps 
published— that is, if they are all as bad as 
the best I have seen. 

After the first 3 or 4 days deep snows re- 
tarded the pack train, though we managed 
to get through, and then had to go into 
camp to wait for it to come up. As we were 
52 hours ahead of our rations, this was 
called Starvation Camp. 

With great difficulty we crossed another 
snow covered divide and reached the de- 
serted mining town of Oro Grande, on 
Loon creek, the place where the Chinamen 



had been killed. Just before reaching Oro 
Grande we had our first bit of excitement. 
Two men were seen, on the opposite side of 
the creek, making frantic efforts to escape. 
We gave chase, charging by file along the 
narrow trail, and soon came within hailing 
distance of the fugitives, whom we found 
to be white prospectors, very much fright- 
ened, having mistaken us for Indians. 

The next few days we spent in trying to 
work our way down Loon creek, which was 
very high, and during this time it rained or 
snowed upon us without ceasing. On and 
on we went through beautiful mountains, 
until our rations were about exhausted, 
when we returned to Starvation Camp. 
Here in a beautiful little valley we rested 12 
days, while the train was sent to Boise Bar- 
racks for more rations. But this was not 
now a camp of starvation. We killed many 
deer and blue grouse, and lived well. 

On the return of the train with fresh sup- 
plies, we again set out on our hunt for 
Sheep Eaters. Circling around through the 
mountains, we explored all the streams 
known or suspected to exist, finding plenty 
of old, but no new, signs of Indians. 

Deer were plentiful, does with fawns, in 
the valleys, and fat bucks on the higher 
ground. Occasionally a bear was killed, 
and we found a few mountain sheep. 
Streams were numerous, and we had no dif- 
ficulty in catching all the trout we wanted, 
when we could get grasshoppers for bait. 
We were not provided with the approved 
rods and flies, but had common cotton 
lines and the cheapest hooks, while rods 
were cut from willow thickets, used for the 
day and thrown away. Our best arrange- 
ment for fishing was to have 2 men work 
together, one to catch grasshoppers, and 
the other to catch trout. In this way both 
could find plenty of work to do, and a good 
team of workers might easily catch a string 
of 80 or 100 trout in an afternoon, after the 
day's march. 

Had we been out for pleasure only, we 
could not have wished for a better country: 
but we had lost some Indians; so instead of 
scouting up and down one of the forks of 
the Salmon river, making and breaking 
camps at pleasure, we were obliged to keep 
going as fast as our pack train could travel. 

To relate all the incidents of that sum- 
mer's outing would be to write a large 
volume, so I must confine myself to the 
mention of only a few. The scenery was 
everywhere grand. Pine timber, grass, and 
beautiful streams of clear, cool water every- 
where. We found but one body of water 
that was not cool, and where there were no 



436 



THE SHEEP EATER CAMPAIGN. 



437 



fish. That was a very deep lake away up in 
the mountains, and the water was quite 
warm. To explore this lake we constructed 
rafts, and floated out a mile or more from 
the shore. We had some picket ropes with 
us, and with them we sounded to the depth 
of perhaps ioo feet, but found no bottom. 
We dove into it, and the temperature of the 
water increased with its depth. We enjoyed 
this lake very much, as all the other waters 
we found were too cool for comfortable 
bathing. 

Among the curiosities we found, per- 
haps the greatest was the red fish in 
the head waters of Payette river. Gazing 
into one of the deep pools of this stream, 
one could see what appeared to be a red 
gravel bottom; but on throwing a stone 
into the water, this red bottom would break 
into a thousand pieces, and the pieces 
would fly in all directions. Then for the 
first time one could see it was fish that made 
the bottom of the pool red. These fish re- 
semble the salmon in all respects save the 
red coloring of their backs. I have never 
seen or heard of them in any other place. 
On this stream we found a man preparing 
a seine for catching them. We helped him 
with his seine, and in return he allowed us 
to use it for our haul. It was all we wanted, 
as we secured enough fish for supper and 
breakfast for the' entire command.* 

Another curiosity was one of our own 
creation. One afternoon we went into 
camp near a mountain torrent which we 
were obliged to cross, but whose banks 
were vertical walls 30 feet in height. 
Fording or swimming was out of the ques- 
tion. We must make a bridge for men and 
animals. We made the bridge and that was 
the curiosity. First we dropped a huge pine 
tree across the chasm. Over this some men 
crept, and cut off the upper branches so that 
the trunk of the tree would lie snugly on 
the ground. Then long slender pine poles 
were cut and locked together so that one 
would hang on either side of the large log, 



* Professor B. W. Evermann, ichthyologist of the U. S. 
fish Commission, Washington, D. C, in reply to an in- 
quiry as to the identity of this fish, says : 

•' The redfish of Big Payette lake is known in the books 
as Oncorhynchus nerka (Walbaum). It is a true salmon 
and runs up from the sea to spawn just as the Chinook 
salmon does. It is, in different places, known by differ- 
ent common names : in the lower Columbia it is the blue- 
back salmon ; in British Columbia, the Fraser river sal- 
mon ; while in the Idaho lakes and throughout Alaska, 
and even to Kamchatka, redfish is its name. In Alaska 
it is, commercially, by far the most important species of 
the family. In the Columbia river it ranks next to the 
famous Chinook, Oncorhynchus tschaivytscha. In 1892, 
the Columbia river canneries utilized 909,5^6 Chinook sal- 
mon, while the number of bluebacks (which is our redfish) 
utilized was nearly as great, it being 873,106. For canning 
purposes it is fully equal to the justly celebrated Chinook. 
These salmon do not get red until near the breeding sea- 
son. They enter the Columbia in the spring, reach the 
Idaho lakes late in the summer, pass through the lakes 
into their small cold inlets in which they spawn during the 
early fall, and then die. It is not certain that any of those 
which reach these lakes ever return to the sea or live to 
spawn a second time. There is no evidence that they are 
land-locked, as many hare supposed." 



and with the tops of the poles about on a 
level with the top of the log. Pine boughs 
were then laid on, and over this we strewed 
earth. Our bridge was then complete. It 
was a narrow bridge, and a roaring torrent 
dashed under it. Many thought the animals 
would refuse to cross; but they did not. 
All crossed in a few minutes, and without 
much trouble. It is needless to say the 
horsemen did not ride across that bridge. 

On July 4th we held our celebration at 
about noon, on a huge snow-bank on the 
top of a high ridge, by pelting each other 
with snowballs. While we were thus en- 
gaged, our officers, for safety, I presume, 
climbed to the top of a bare peak sticking 
out of the snow. From their position they 
discovered some bighorns down at the base 
of the peak, and on the side opposite us. 
Lieutenant P — hurried down, and taking 3 
of us with him, crept around the base of the 
peak, where we crawled, under cover of a 
snowbank, to within about 25 feet of the 
sheep, while they were peacefully snoozing 
in the sunshine. We killed 3 fine fat fellows, 
and greatly enjoyed the feast that followed. 

About the middle of July we found what 
we had wanted for a long time — not the In- 
dians, but a fighting bear. All summer we 
had been looking for such an animal, for we 
had an alleged bear fighter with us, a man 
known as Reddy, and we wanted to see him 
slay a bear by his own pet method. Ac- 
cording to his story, he was a wonderful 
slayer of ugly and wounded bears. The way 
the trick was done was to drop on his back 
and let the bear walk over him, when he 
would leisurely disembowel him. He had 
done the thing often in Montana, he said; 
but for some reason we were all a trifle 
skeptical and were anxious to see Reddy 
perform the act. 

Some bear had been shot during the sum- 
mer; but they had all yielded up the ghost 
too easily, affording Reddy no chance. 
One afternoon, just about time to make 
camp, we came to a small patch of clear 
ground in the middle of which was a bear, 
and an ugly one he proved to be. On see- 
ing us he stopped rooting, and sat up to 
take a good look. The captain and scout 
fired at once, knocking him over; but, 
after rolling about a bit. he got his feet 
under him and scampered off into the tim- 
ber. 

We went into camp right there. As 
soon as the horses were turned out to graze, 
some of us found Reddy and told him we 
were sure of finding the wounded bear not 
far away, and we wanted him to show us 
how to kill it with a knife. Reddy did not 
take kindly to the scheme, arguing that the 
bear had only been tickled enough to make 
him travel well, and he was already miles 
away and still going. But by guying and 
coaxing we got him to go with us. 

We soon found a trail of blood, and began 
to fear we should soon find a dead bear and 




IT WAS A NARROW BRIDGE, AND A ROARING TORRENT DASHED UNDER IT." 



THE SHEEP EATER CAMPAIGN. 



439 



so be cheated of our entertainment. The 
more blood Reddy saw the braver he be- 
came; he was soon quite a warrior, taking 
the lead, partly through his own bravery, 
but chiefly through our courtesy. He car- 
ried his knife in his boot, his revolver under 
his belt in front of his body, and his carbine 
at the position of " ready." We had fol- 
lowed about half a mile, and were just about 
to pass a fir tree, with branches thick about 
the base, when suddenly these branches 
parted, and out sprang the bear. 

Reddy promptly fired at nothing, then 
dropped his carbine, turned and ran, at the 
same time grasping at his revolver, which 
he also dropped. Away he flew, the bear 
weakly following him, paying no attention 
to the rest of us. Evidently the bear was 
willing to assist in our entertainment, but 
Reddy was not, and he did not stop until he 
had clambered to the top of a rock, about 
ioo yards away. In vain we yelled at him to 
lie down and carve him. The bear tried to 
climb the rock, but was too weak. Reddy 
shouted like a wild man, calling us to shoot, 
and save him; but we were having too 
much fun as matters stood. The bear fi- 
nally concluded he could do nothing with 
Reddy, and turning he came lumbering 
toward us. 

This was not exactly what we were there 
for, so we opened fire, finally knocking him 
down when within a few feet of us. He was 
almost gone, but got up and staggered 
blindly away from us a few paces; when 
we succeeded in getting him down to stay. 
He was not a very large bear, weighing 
probably not more than 500 pounds; but 
he was a vicious beast. The scouts called 
him a mongrel; his color was many shades 
of brown, slightly grizzled. I have never 
seen another like him. 

Reddy never afterward mentioned his 
method of killing bear, and we never saw 
his wonderful knife trick performed. 

Toward the middle of July we began to 
find fruit, and from this time to the end of 
our outing we were frequently treated to 
wild currants, huckleberries, and one other 
fruit that I have never heard named. The 
plant that bore this fruit was an annual, hav- 
ing a single stalk about 4 feet in height, and 
covered with what looked like nettles, but 
they were soft and harmless. The leaf was 
large and like the grape leaf. The fruit 
grew in clusters, and looked like large red 
raspberries, and like raspberries, left a cone 
on the stein when plucked. The flavor of 
the fruit was very delicate and delicious, re- 
sembling that of the strawberry. On first 
discovering this fruit we feared it was poi- 
sonous, and let it alone; but one of the men 
concluded to test it, and after we had seen 
him eat a quart or more oi the berries, with 
evident relish, and without bad results, we 
followed his good example as long as any 
could be found. 

Toward the end of July we found our first 



sign of civilization. It was the residence of 
a Chinaman on Salmon river, not far from 
the town of Warrens, or Washington, as it 
appears on some maps. This Chinaman 
had a nice garden, and supplied us with the 
first fresh vegetables we had that season. 
Passing through the old mining town of 
Warrens, on the Warrens and Florence 
trail, I was detached with 2 men and sent to 
look for Indians at Loon lake. 

My party left the trail at Secesh creek, 
and turning up this stream, we traveled 
about 15 miles over fallen timber when we 
discovered our lake, a body of water hav- 
ing an area of perhaps a little more than 2 
square miles. Now, as we had been led to 
believe there was a strong possibility of 
finding Indians on this lake, and as we did 
not wish to be found by them, I concealed 
our horses, under charge of one man, and 
sent one man around one side of the lake, 
while I went round the other side. There 
was a dense growth of timber about the 
lake, and we had to proceed with some cau- 
tion. We found some old signs of an In- 
dian camp, but no fresh ones. After recon- 
noitring the lake, we concealed ourselves 
in a clump of pines and went into camp for 
the night, picketing our horses after dark 
on a clear grass plot near our thicket. 
Toward midnight we were aroused by the 
snorting of the horses. Grasping our car- 
bines we crept to the edge of the thicket to 
see what was going on. There in the moon- 
light, not 50 yards off, stood a huge elk, 
quietly looking at our frightened animals. 
As we could not carry much meat, we re- 
frained from shooting. The next morning 
we saw several elk taking their morning 
drinks within a quarter of a mile of us; but 
we did not molest them. 

As we expected to find our command on 
the trail not far from the crossing on Se- 
cesh creek, we did not hurry our march to 
that point, and it was about midday when 
we reached it. Still thinking there was no 
cause for hurry, we unsaddled and picketed 
our horses out to graze while we smoked 
and rested. We were soon aroused by rifle 
shots, not far away, and upon investigating 
we found the shooters were 2 civilians, who 
said they had been directed to look out for 
me, and to tell me our commander, having 
learned that Lieutenant Farrow, with his 
scouts, was on the trail of a band of Indians 
who were going to Devil's mountain, would 
march to that mountain on that day, and I 
was to join him that evening. The distance 
I was to tfivel, the men said, was 60 miles. 

Our horses were none too fresh, and I 
had my doubts about being able to comply 
with this order; but long experience had 
taught me this particular commanding of- 
ficer did not take much stock in impossibil- 
ities, and I knew the effort must be made. 
Mounting in haste we took the trot along a 
good trail, and kept up the gait most of the 
time for more than 3 hours, when to our joy 



440 



EEC RE A TION. 



we ran on the command in camp. It seems 
that later news had been received from Far- 
row, and his Indians were really white men 
driving a herd of horses. At least that was 
the explanation I received. 

We joined Farrow the next day, and a 
day or so thereafter we learned that the In- 
dians had been found by a company of 
mounted infantry, under Lieutenant Catley, 
2d Infantry, who had been defeated with the 
loss of 3 men and some mules. The Indians 
had been found away back East of the place 
where we had found the Chinaman. After a 
hard march of 4 days we reached the China- 
man's claim on Salmon river, where we 
were joined by Captain Forse, 1st Cavalry, 
with a part of his troop, and Lieutenant 
Catley who had found the Indians. 

From this point we started on the queer- 
est march I have ever made. The 1st day 
we marched up the side of a very steep 
mountain, camping near the summit. It 
was a long march and we made our zigzag 
trail the whole distance. The next day we 
slid down the other side to Big creek, on 
which we camped for the night. During 
the next 2 days we marched down the can- 
yon of Big creek, and so narrow and rough 
was this canyon that almost if not quite one 
half of the 2 days' march was made in the 
bed of the creek, in water knee deep to our 
horses, with enough holes to furnish plenty 
of amusement for those who could keep 
out of them. 

These 2 days of wading brought us to 
the site of the recent " Battle of Vinegar 
Hill," as it was named by the soldiers. 
Farrow's scouts were in front, and had 
captured the camp of the hostiles, which 
they had found on a shelf of the mountain, 
about 500 feet above the bed of the creek, 
and about a mile below Vinegar hill. It 
was a splendid stronghold for a small band 
of Indians, having several acres of beauti- 
ful grass, plenty of wood, and a fine spring 
of cool water. Farrow's scouts must have 
worked nicely to capture this place without 
loss. I suppose the surprise was made easy 
through the route we came. Surely no per- 
son could have expected human enemies by 
that route. Farrow also recaptured some 
mules and rations that had been lost at 
Vinegar hill. We stopped for the night in 
the captured camp, while Farrow's men 
went out on the trail of the hostiles. 

On August 20th, the morning after the 
capture, our scouting party was broken up. 
We were far from home and our rations 
were running low, so the commands of 
Captain Forse and Lieutenant Catley were 
started back to their proper station, while 
our troops went up the mountain in the di- 
rection taken by Farrow. It was my fort- 
une to be left on rear guard duty that day, 
to travel with the pack train. The train 
was not ready to march with the command, 
and we were delayed about an hour in get- 
ting started. 



When all was ready, a group of us lin- 
gered for a moment to hear the last of a 
yarn that was being spun. Suddenly the 
air was split by wild yells of Indians, and 
we received a rattling volley from the top of 
a bluff about 60 feet in height, and 100 yards 
from where we stood. One man and 3 
horses fell, and the remainder, including 
all of our particular group, sprang to the 
nearest cover, which chanced to be a 
crooked pine tree about a foot in diameter. 
Our men were well drilled, and they dressed 
beautifully on that tree, following its curves 
exactly. One moment for reflection, and 
then we concluded to show fight. 

The chief packer told us he could take 
care of the mules if we would kindly keep 
between him and the hostiles; and this 
chief packer, " Jake " Barnes, was just the 
man for such a situation. In a moment 
he had run his train to a sheltered place, 
and then leaving it in charge of his men, 
he caught the mule that carried our emer- 
gency ammunition boxes — boxes that could 
be opened without unloading the pack — 
and under a heavy fire brought that blessed 
mule to our position. Then after issuing 
ammunition to my men, he joined me, say- 
ing: " I want some of this myself." 

Before this, however, we had abandoned 
our tree, and were well sheltered behind 
solid rocks. Leaving 2 men at the base of 
the hill, with orders to make as much noise 
as possible, I took 4 men and started up 
the mountain, under cover, intending to get 
above the Indians, cut them off, and then 
kill or capture them with ease. I had been 
on that bluff the previous evening, and 
knew the lay of the land pretty well. If I 
could only get directly behind them, they 
were my Indians. I cautioned my men not 
to show themselves; but unfortunately one 
of them became too eager, and when about 
on a level with the enemy's position, he ran 
up to a rock and took a peep at them. 
Then, seeing an Indian, he fired. That shot 
gave our scheme away. We ran across as 
quickly as possible, but the Indians had 
promptly retreated. They must then have 
been very near to and above us, and might 
have turned the tables on us nicely; but 
their own narrow escape from a trap had 
evidently " rattled " them. 

Our little fight had made a tremendous 
noise. Down in that deep canyon the car- 
bines had roared like field-pieces, and had 
of course been heard by the troops, and 
they were all back with us soon after the 
firing ceased. One of our men, a private of 
the 2d Infantry, had been shot through 
both legs. Our surgeon amputated one 
leg and then the poor man died. It was a 
blessing he was permitted to die there, 
for he would have suffered horribly in be- 
ing carried out of that canyon, and he could 
not have lived to reach the nearest post. 

On the morning after the fight the com- 
mands again separated. It was decided 



THE SHEEP EATER CAMPAIGN. 



441 



that all the rations we could spare were to 
be given to Farrow, who, with his scouts, 
would remain in that vicinity to run down 
this band of Indians. Captain Forse and 
Lieutenant Catley were to proceed to their 
proper stations, and we were to march to 
the mouth of Loon creek, where we ex- 
pected to meet rations from Boise. Our 
first march up the mountain, getting out of 
that canyon, was a terrible one, and cost 
us 14 mules. We soon found we had been 
too liberal in dividing the rations. Ours 
were entirely exhausted before we reached 
the mouth of Loon creek, and we found no 
train there, so we were without food for 3 
days of hard marching. As ill luck would 
have it, just at this particular time we saw 
no game. 

On the afternoon of the 3d day of our 
famine, as we were riding up Loon creek, 
someone shouted, " Salmon! " There they 
were, a fine lot of them, sunning themselves 
in water scarce deep enough to cover their 
backs. The captain and half a dozen of us 
dismounted at' once. The Lieutenant was 
directed to find a camp, and in a few min- 
utes we had shot about a dozen large fish, 
which were soon in camp. Salmon steaks 
were hastily cut, thrown on fires, and when 
about half cooked, they were snatched from 
the fires and eaten, without bread or even 
salt. The first swallowed would not remain 
down; but we persisted until we could 



make it stay. I ate no more salmon for 
several years after that meal. 

That evening our energetic chief packer, 
Barnes, took 2 of his best pack mules and 
struck out for Bonanza, a mining town sup- 
posed to be about 75 miles away. The next 
day we marched up Long creek to Oro 
Grande, and that evening Barnes rejoined 
with 2 loads of bacon, crackers and coffee, 
and we had the most enjoyable feast of my 
life. The following day we met Lieutenant 
Patten, 21st Infantry, with a pack train 
loaded with provisions, and our famine was 
ended. 

A few days later we went into camp on 
the Payette river, where we awaited orders 
from General Howard, who finally directed 
us to return to Boise Barracks, where we 
arrived about the middle of September. 
Meanwhile, the scouts under Lieutenants 
Farrow, 21st Infantry, and W. C. Brown, 
1 st Cavalry, were pressing the Sheep Eaters 
and soon had them all captured. I believe 
there were only about 20 warriors in the 
band. 

Thus ended our Sheep Eater campaign. 
The march had been a hard one, because 
we had been obliged to keep going; we had 
suffered from hunger, and were in rags; 
but for real pleasure and sport, for one who 
enjoys hunting and fishing, the country 
traversed by us in the summer of 1879 can 
hardly be equalled. 



THE SHEEP EATER CAMPAIGN. 



MAJOR T. E. WILCOX, U.S.A. 



Oro Grande, a mining camp on Loon 
creek, a tributary of Salmon river, Idaho, was 
the scene of an Indian massacre in the 
winter of 1878-9, the victims being a few 
Chinamen who were gleaning the placers 
abandoned by white men. The Indians 
concerned belonged to that little-known 
band called " Sheep Eaters," together with 
a few renegade Bannocks who escaped 
capture or surrender in the Bannock war 
of 1877-8. 

Bonneville makes mention of a band of 
Indians, not allied to any of the great tribes 
either side of the Rocky mountains, but 
possibly made up of renegades from all, 
shunning all men, Ishmaelites, who dwelt in 
the remotest recesses and among the lofti- 
est peaks. The mountain sheep supplied 
them with food and a name. 

As soon as news of the massacre reached 
the authorities, one company of infantry 
was sent in to " apprehend and if necessary 
destroy " the marauders. 



This expedition met with disaster. 

A few weeks later a courier brought to 
the post summons for " the field," the com- 
mand being at Payette lakes, 3 days' march 
distant. 

Preparations were hurriedly made, and 
on a sultry August afternoon we started 
upon what proved to us an eventful cam- 
paign. 

Taking a trail which greatly shortened 
the distance to our prospective camp, for 
the first night, we reached Horseshoe bend 
of the Payette river, where a hotel afforded 
a lodging place and an early breakfast. 
From this we descended the river a short 
distance, crossed and proceeded up Squaw 
creek to the last ranch, where we took the 
trail up the mountain which had to be 
crossed. Reaching the summit and cross- 
ing it, a dense and vine-tangled thicket was 
entered, where our guide soon became be- 
wildered and led us here and there until ap- 
proaching darkness, when, stumbling over 



442 



recreation: 



rocks and briers, we suddenly emerged on 
the banks of a mountain stream. 

Camp was made here, and although the 
trail was found in the morning we did not 
come up with the command that day nor 
the next. Our provisions ran low, and 
through hunger and fatigue from continu- 
ous hard marching, we suffered consider- 
ably before the command was overtaken on 
the fourth day. A cordial greeting and rich 
entertainment awaited us. 

It was not till long after that we knew 
the kindly colonel and genial adjutant 
had saved, for 2 days, the peaches which 
graced the board. Soon after our arrival 
the rest of the command joined, and early 
on the following day the line of march was 
taken up Elk creek. 

Now we were to take an unknown trail 
which white man never before had trod and 
where we might at any moment meet with 
the enemy. There were vague rumors of 
a 7-peaked mountain, of a 7-forked stream, 
impassable canyons and slide rock without 
limit. All these we found, and more. 

The scouts sent ahead found the trail 
nearly impassable, but were assured that the 
rolling off of a mule or two was not to be 
heeded, so pushed on. Night found us near 
the summit and camp was made close by an 
Alpine lake. 

Old Indian trails were found and for the 
most part followed. It was evident that 
there were usually two over the same route, 
one being a high-water and the other a low- 
water trail. Often along the line of march 
there would be found rocks piled up with 
loop-holes, affording protection to defend- 
ers of the trail. 

The next day led us along ridges, across 
valleys, swept by winter avalanches from 
the mountain side, and piled in inextricable 
confusion. Slide rock or rock avalanches 
had to be crossed where each footstep of 
predecessor was obliterated as fast as made, 
and night found us ready for the bivouac. 

So on day by day till signs of the Indians 
added to our ever increasing watchfulness. 
Fires were not lighted before dark and then 
in some nook where they were concealed as 
much as possible. They were extinguished 
before day, that no smoke might betray our 
approach; game, although abundant and 
marvelously tame, went undisturbed. 

Reaching Big creek, where the last expe- 
dition had come to grief, we halted for a 
short rest. The blacksmith was looking at 
the horses and making a shoe tight here and 
there, when the sound of a distant rifle 
reached us. " Boots and saddles " was 
sounded, then the " trot," and the echo of a 
scattering shot now and then reached our 
ears and spurred us to greater effort. Down 
the valley, through chapparal where the 
ardent yellow jacket gave a warm recep- 
tion, over boulders, and finally up a steep 
mountain to a bench, where we found the 
scouts had routed the Sheep Eaters. 



They had disappeared among the rocks, 
leaving a rich cache of dressed skins, furs, 
dried marmot feet, dried salmon and salmon 
eggs, and great stores of service berries. 
No casualties attended this skirmish, and, 
the Indians being scattered, the main por- 
tion of the command went into camp for 
the rest of the day and night. 

After dividing the booty, the scouts 
moved on in search of the trail of the fugi- 
tives, who had a small herd of ponies and 
some women and children, so that it was 
difficult for them to wholly conceal their 
course, which led over the divide. Farther 
on the ponies were abandoned and all the 
Indians scattered among the rocks, where 
their trails were lost. Securing the ponies 
the scouts went into camp, sending back 
couriers to announce their success. 

The troops remained at the site of the 
first skirmish during the night, and in the 
early morning prepared to move on. Our 
advance was well up the mountain when 
the rear guard was attacked. At the first 
sound of a gun the command rushed down 
the mountain and was soon on the field, 
scattered among the rocks in search of the 
foes. The conflict was short, the Indians 
retreating. Now and then a glimpse of a 
swarthy body, or a red garment, would be 
had and fire opened, yet most of them made 
their escape, while our loss consisted of 1 
man slightly wounded and 1 fatally. The 
coolness and quiet bravery with which this 
man looked upon the inevitable ending of 
his sufferings elicited the praise of all. To 
one he gave his knife, to another his tobac- 
co-box, and then after leaving messages for 
those at home, said: " I am ready; go on." 

While the surplus baggage, saddles, etc., 
were being burned, an animal left the herd, 
which was grazing some distance away, and 
coming toward the party of officers stand- 
ing near the fire, dropped dead. It was 
found that a wound had been received dur- 
ing the fight and had escaped notice when 
the stock was inspected. After the firing 
ceased, no Indians were seen, but through- 
out the day the mocking cry of coyotes, first 
near, then far away, were heard; yet patient 
search failed to uncover the game. 

Later it was learned that less than a dozen 
Indians were engaged in this attack. They 
were returning from a raid on a ranch when 
they saw the troops, and under cover of 
night crept among the rocks, hoping to 
stampede the pack train. They were poorly 
armed and had little ammunition. 

The rest of the day was spent in search- 
ing for traces of Indians, and the camp of 
the previous night was again occupied. In 
the morning, resuming the march, our eyes 
were greeted by signal fires on many peaks, 
as well as along our prospective route, but 
we sought in vain for their builders. Now 
we came upon evidence of hasty flight. 
Here a squaw's saddle, made from 2 oblong 
cushions and fastened together covered 



LIL JOE. 



443 



with beautifully dressed mountain sheep 
skins, a talma with fringe of the same ma- 
terial; a little farther we passed the carcass 
of a hapless mule which had been killed and 
the fore quarters cut off as the fugitives 
hurried along. Another peak and more 
canyons to climb, and cross, and we over- 
took the scouts in their bivouac with the 
captured ponies. 

By this time many of the animals were 
worn out, " heap tired," and were shot to 
prevent their falling into the hands of the 
Indians. The Sheep Eaters' ponies were 
much smaller than the ordinary cayuse, 
probably due to their environment, but 
they were well formed. As they were 
footsore and unable to go on, they were 
shot. 

Early the next morning the command 
moved on and the advance was well up the 
mountain when the sound of rifles recalled 
us to repel an attack on the rear guard. 



The contest was short and sharp, the In- 
dians escaping among the rocks. One man 
was killed and i wounded, besides a small 
loss in horses and mules. The next 
morning the march was resumed over the 
divide, and the scouts were overtaken, with 
the ponies captured from the hostiles on the 
previous day. 

Moving on the now faint and scattered 
trails of the fugitives, the Middle fork of 
Salmon river was reached at the upper end 
of "Impassable canyon " — a canyon with 
vertical walls reaching thousands of feet in 
height and extending for many miles. Here 
an old winter camp with grass-covered and 
bark wickyups was found. The grand cliffs 
of the dark canyon, lofty mountains on 
every side, and the swift, rushing river, 
made a scene to be long remembered. 

Our enemy had vanished, leaving nothing 
to indicate their course; but later were 
compelled to surrender. 



LIL' JOE. 



GEO. W. STEVENS. 




«5*3 ®* i " 



-; .*$«£.& If J 




ETE'S growing ole. Sometime I feel 
I ain't much good but fish for eel. 
I 'member when dis marsh was lake 
An' moonbeams dance in pon' boat's wak*, 




444 



RECREA TION. 





I 'member when no house for mile' 
'Cept few ole shanty by Presque Isle. 
Dat be de time when Pete be smart 
And know de muskrat trick' by heart; 
An' when two duck come all alone 
I jes bang once; she fall lak stone. 
But time is change; Pete los' her eye; 
I can't shoot one duck now, I try; 




But dats all right, I got my Joe. 

You hear 'bout him? What, No? 

Well, one night win she blow, blow, blow — 

Lak nevaire blow before, I know; 

An' some big boat jes off de shore 

Go down, an' don't come up no more. 

She all bus' up an' den nex' day 

Some t'ings be floatin' hon de bay. 



I tink I go an' save some wood, 
An' maybe sometin' else dat's good; 
An' dat's de way I find my Joe. 
He's big boy now, dat's long time 'go; 




De probate court try take from me, 
'Cause lil' Joe have propertee. 
But lil' Joe she hug me tight; 
I say you tak him now you fight; 



A VISITOR. 



445 



An' den de court she swear my han' 
An' guess I mak' good guardian. 
I teach him fish lak anyting; 
An' how to set de trap in spring, 



An' how to hunt, an' how to row, 
An' how to mak' de pon' boat go; 
An' now two duck come all alone 
My Joe bang once — she fall lak stone. 




JOl^o^u^'u 



CAMP FIRE TALES. 

VII. 
A VISITOR. 

J. LOEFRIC. 



" Do you know," said D'Auber, " I 
think, seriously, we ought to kill the Idiot. 
If we don't, he will kill us." 

Old Pop grinned. " Ye kaint burn him, 
he's too green." 

" No, I wasn't thinking of burning; that 
would be too mild a torture." 

" Suit yourselves, gentlemen. Anyway 
you please. I'm always ready to sacrifice 
myself for my friends," interposed the 
Idiot, trying to assume a martyr-like air. 

" I propose we hold court and try the 
criminal. Make Old Pop judge, I'll be 
prosecuting attorney, and the rest of you 
witnesses." Ten Gage's proposition met 



with instant favor, and preparations were 
made at once to carry it into effect. 

Our camp that night was on the banks 
of the famous Forest lake, then an almost 
unknown spot, but since become famous 
for its black bass fishing. Right at the 
edge of the woods, a sandy little beach in 
front, the tent looked out on the quiet lake 
— quiet save for the splash, now and then, 
of a fish leaping in the air, and falling back 
on the placid surface. 

The hunters had turned anglers, laying 
aside the gun for the rod. The lake, or 
rather the 2 lakes, lay on the line of the St. 
P. & D. Ry., our camp being within a few 



446 



RECREA TION. 



rods of the tracks. A camp chest, regard- 
less of contents, was turned on end for the 
judge, Pop Collins, while the witnesses ar- 
ranged themselves in various attitudes. 

" Bring in ther pris'ner." The judge as- 
sumed a stern air. 

" Guess I'll have to arrest myself, won't 
I?" drawled the Idiot. 

" Mister Clerk! Who's ther Clerk? " 

Nobody spoke. All wanted to be wit- 
nesses or spectators. 

" I appint D'Auber Clerk o' this here 
Court." D'Auber seated himself in front 
of the judge, his back against the judge's 
seat, pencil and paper in hand. 

" Mr. Clerk, fine ther pris'ner $2 fer kin- 
tempt o' Court." D'Auber entered the fine. 

" Pris'ner, who be ye? and what yer been 
doin'?" 

" Please your Honor I don't know, yet." 

" Mister Clerk, $2 more. Pris'ner, be 
careful what yer say. Mr. Clerk, swar ther 
pris'ner." 

Clerk: " Pris'ner, hold up your left hand. 
Now repeat after me. ' I solemnly swear 
never to tell the truth ' " 

" No need to swear him to that," said the 
Infant. 

— " ' to always divide my bottle with the 
Clerk of this honorable Court ' " 

" But not the contents "—added the Id- 
iot 



" Two dollars more," shouted the judge. 

" ' Never to put burrs in the Hon. Jo- 
seph's blankets and — (here the Clerk stuck, 
but an idea came to him and he went on) 
so help me 4 aces in a jack pot.' ' 

His Honor: "Ther pris'ner'll hold his 
yap whilst ther Clerk reads ther indite- 
munt." 

Clerk: " You, the Idiot, stand before this 
bar of judgment accused of — what's he ac- 
cused of, Judge? " 

His Honor: " Of bein' er Idjet, mostly." 

Clerk: " Of being an Idiot and conspir- 
ing against the peace and good temper of 
this Court." 

His Honor: " Are ye guilty or not 
guilty?" 

Prisoner: " Your Honor, I have no law- 
yer and " 

" Yer bet yer boots, I'll defend yer, young 
feller." 

Every one started, except his Honor, and 
looked in the direction the sound came 
from. Out of the shadows of the trees 
stepped the raggedest specimen of the 
genus hobo we had ever seen. 

" Ef et's ther pleasure of his Honor and 
ther Pris'ner, I'll do ther defense act," said 
this apparition as he stepped into the fire- 
light. 

His Honor: "I guess as how ef the 
Pris'ner kin stan' it, we kin. Idjit yer kin 
confer with Whiskers." 

Whiskers: " Gentlemen, ye'll excuse my 
sudden ontray, but I'm er sort of modern 
knight of the road arnd kaint see ther weak 



an' defenseless oppressed. I war jes' com- 
in' ter borray the loan of er square meal 
when I hears ye a railroadin' this innercent 
young man to prison or to death, an', as 
usual, I rushes ter the resqu." 

Joe: " There's no flies on you, pard." 

Whiskers: " 'Ceptin' in summer time. 
Now then, as I'se ter defend yer, young 
feller, yer better make er clean breast of it. 
Did yer steal ther hoss or not? " 

Prisoner: " Your Honor, may I retire 
and confer with my Attorney? " 

His Honor: " Yer may. This here 
Court's a'journed fer 10 minutes." 

The prisoner and his counsel disappeared 
in the shadows of the trees. After a few 
moments a peculiar sound was heard, as of 
some liquid running from a jug or bottle. 

" Counsel's collecting his fee in ad- 
vance," remarked Ten Gage. 

" You're mistaken," said ' Joe, " that's 
only a retainer." 

" Wall," said Pop, " did yer ever see er 
cheekier hobo nor that? " 

" Wait till we hear the defense. I'll bet 
he knocks the District Attorney out, in the 
first round," declared the Infant. 

Here the prisoner and his counsel ap- 
peared. 

Whiskers: "Yer Honor, we's ready." 

His Honor: " Mr. Clerk, call the Court 
to order." 

Clerk: " The Court will come to order." 

Whiskers: " Yous don't know how ter 
call no Court ter order." 

His Honor: " Silence in ther Court! 
We'll now percede with ther case." 

Dist. Att'y: " Your Honor and gentle- 
men, you have all heard the indictment. 
Most of you are acquainted with the pris- 
oner and are living witnesses of the truth 
of the indictment. Who has caused the fair 
and once rotund form of our beloved broth- 
er, the Infant, to waste away, to the frail and 
consumptive being he is? Who, I ask, has 
caused the fierce, upward curl to the once 
meek and drooping mustache of our worthy 
Clerk? Who is it that has driven the Hon. 
Joseph off his feed by putting indigo in his 
smoking tobacco? Who was it drove the 
talented and gifted District Attorney bald 
headed by drawing the shot from his car- 
tridges, so that he never bagged a bird all 
day? Who, I repeat, has been for the past 
2 years driving the honorable gentlemen 
before me crazy with his idiocies? Earth 
and Heaven unite in denouncing the pris- 
oner at the bar. 

" Gaze on that face, your Honor, and 
gentlemen! Beneath that mask of guile- 
lessness lies a depth of depravity unequaled 
in the annals of crime. See how he cringes 
beneath the accusing finger of Justice. 
Your Honor, in the name of humanity and 
the cause of justice, I demand that this in- 
famous wretch be sentenced to be muzzled 
while he treats the crowd." 

Whiskers: " Yer Honor, we intend ter 



A VISITOR. 



447 



prove ther allegations of my worthy broth- 
er ter be false and utterly without founda- 
tion. Yer take up ther first charge. Under 
this head we intend to prove ther prisoner 
er public as well as er personal benefactor. 
Yer Honor and gentlemen, turn yer gaze 
on that benign countenance." (Points to 
the Infant.) " Gaze on its broad expanse 
of adipose tissue; think how ther succulent 
but elusive angle worm would have preyed 
on its rosy hues if it had not been for the 
self-sacrifice of my client. He saw, with 
horror, the rotundity of our skeletonized 
friend growing larger and larger; knew 
that at any moment nature might burst that 
ere frail tenement and scatter that ere fairy 
form to the 4 winds. With all the noble- 
heartedness of that manly bosom he 
sprang into the breach and — yer don't 
need a microscope ter find ther Infant. 

" My learned brother accuses us of being 
the cause of the upward tendency of our 
most worthy Clerk's mustache. We admit 
it. We glory in it. It's only another ex- 
ample of how ther truly good is mistaken 
in this degenerate and sinful world. My 
client saw that in drinkin' coffee the hon- 
orable gentleman's mustaches would steal 
down his epiglottis and gently tickle his 
thorax; that they was liable at any time to 
cause consternation of his chest protector. 
Ag'in my client sacrificed himself for a 
friend, and behold his reward! Excuse me, 
gents, while I weep. 

" But a truce to this weakness while we 
take up the next accusation. No! No! I 
can't, I can't gaze on that childlike sweet- 
ness and even repeat such a monstrous 
accusation. In reference to the abstraction 
of shot from my most erudite brother's 
cartridges, I can only say my client is a 
member of the S. P. C. A., and he removed 
the shot so that my accomplished brother 
would not, in the wild frenzy of the hunt, 
scare the little birds. 

" Your Honor and gentlemen, I ax you 
as men, can you look on ther sweet purity 
of that ere face; ther soulfulness of them 
ere lustrous orbs, that ere wide expanse of 
brow, shaded by them ere Sing-Sing locks, 
and for one moment entertain a doubt of 
their utter innocence? Can you, I ask, 
gaze at them ruby lips, agape with thirst, 
and not offer ther prisoner and his counsel 
a drink? 

" Yer Honor, we'll rest our case here 
pendin' ther drink." 

His Honor: "The pris'ner's descharged 
and ther Camp pays ther costs. 

" Afore we dismiss this Court, we wants 
ter say that ther pris'ner don't want to be 
brung afore this Court ag'in, 'cause he 
maint git off ther next time." 

" Look here, Whiskers," said Joe, " what 
are you, anyway? " 

" Only ther Prince o' the Tin Can, trav- 
elin' incog, fer my health. Accidentally me 
special car war side-tracked, an' seem' the 



genial glow of yer fire, an' hearin' ther 
sound of yer musical voices, I recognized 
kindred sperits." 

" Yes, you got most of mine," inter- 
rupted the Idiot. Whiskers waved his 
hand gracefully. 

" All in the cause of humanity, my dear 
sir." 

" Your cause has great capacity, I should 
judge," and the Idiot gazed regretfully at 
his flask. 

" Ah, but you must remember the Good 
Book says ' Ho, all ye that thirsteth,' and 
I hoed." 

" Hey, Whiskers, come here," called Old 
Pop from the other side of the fire. " Here's 
thet squar meal yer was wantin' to borry." 

" Now, that's suthin' like. When I gets 
tru wid that, life'll no longer be ' an empty 
dream.' " 

For a few minutes no one spoke, but all 
lay back and watched the eagerness with 
which the tramp stowed away the food, 
while D'Auber rapidly sketched the gro- 
tesque figure. 

" Yer'll excuse me, pard," remarked the 
tramp, " but yer an old river man I see," 
nodding to Pop. 

" How did yer know thet?" questioned 
the old man in surprise. 

" Oh, lots of ways. Yer puts saleratus in 
yer biskits. Now if yer'd use bakin' pow- 
der, all mixed with ther flour, yer'd improve 
yer cookin'." 

"Wal, but yer got nerve! " was all the 
astounded Pop could say. Looking over to 
D'Auber, who had finished his sketch. 
Whiskers said, " Could I look at that 
sketch, sir? " D'Auber handed it over to 
him without a word. The tramp held it to 
the light and examined it critically. " Ex- 
cuse me for my persumption," he said, " but 
you're a little faulty in your foreshortenen. 
Allow me ter take your pencil. Now if 
you'll notice, it only needs but this — and 
a line here — I think we have caught the ex- 
pression." He handed back the book. 

D'Auber looked at it a moment, then at 
Whiskers. D'Auber rose to his feet. 

" Gentlemen, I thought I was an artist, 
but I'm only an amateur. You, sir." he 
turned to the tramp, " are an Artist. Allow 
me " — and he held out his hand. Whiskers 
gazed at him a moment, then taking off his 
ragged tile bowed and said, 

" Thank ye, sir, but I can't take your 
hand. I am no longer fit. You're a gentle- 
man and I — well, I'm only er hobo — as 
ain't fit ter shake hands with yer. An' 
now, gentlemen," turning to the others, 
" thankin' yer fer yer kindness I'll bid yer 
good night." He turned to go when Ten 
Gage, who had been staring at the tramp, 
watching every expression of the be-whis- 
kered face for the past to minutes without a 
word, said suddenly, " Dol." Apparently 
the tramp did not hear. Ten Gage took a 
step forward and laying his hand on Whis- 



448 



RECREA TION. 



kers's shoulder turned him around facing 
him. 

" Dol," he said again. A blank look 
spread itself over the tramp's face. 

" Guess yer made er mistake, Pard," he 
said in a curiously quivering voice. ' Thet 

ain't my " He tried to finish. " Thet 

ain't my " He choked a little, his throat 

seemed to fill. Tears gathered in his eyes. 
He struggled for utterance. Finally he 
managed to say, in a broken voice, " Sam, 



don't! I can't stand it! let me go! Dol is 
dead — dead this many a year — don't open 
old graves." 

" Dol " — and Ten Gage's voice trembled; 
" I never gave you up." Throwing his arm 
over the ragged shoulders, he drew the man 
away, down the beach. 

The Idiot was the first to break the si- 
lence. " It's his brother! Good night 
boys," and he disappeared in the tent where, 
without a word, the others followed. 



A WEDDING TOUR IN THE ROCKIES. 



MRS. IRA DODGE. 



" Mr. Ira Dodge and Miss Sarah E. Slate 
were married at Bozeman on the 4th inst. 
Miss Slate was married in her riding habit, 
and after the ceremony mounted a horse to 
accompany her husband to Wyoming, 
where he has a ranch. The wedding jour- 
ney will be fully 200 miles, on horseback, 
into a country where houses are not to be 
found in a day's ride." — Bozeman, Mon- 
tana, Chronicle. 

We had arranged to immediately take up 
our abode in one of the wildest spots of the 
Rocky mountains, where large and small 
game was abundant. We had directed that 
all our effects, household and personal, 
should follow us by team, and so we took 
little with us. We had a good camp outfit, 
tent, bedding, stove, plenty of provisions, 
good warm clothing, and 9 horses. 

We left Bozeman in the afternoon, Oc- 
tober 4, 1892, somewhat in advance of the 
pack-train, but Charles, our helper, soon 
overtook us with that, and shortly afterward 
the first camp was made, 8 miles from town. 

Our journey the next day was through 
the prosperous Gallatin valley; we had not 
yet reached the wilderness. Charles left us 
at noon, going back to town. An early 
camp was made beside a mighty monarch 
of the forest which had fallen by the chop- 
per's hand, and a pleasant place it was. A 
pack-train passed us, on its way down, 
loaded with elk meat. The elk had been 
killed in the basin toward which we were 
journeying, only a few miles farther on. 

The second morning was a trying one. 
When we would get the horses into our im- 
provised corral, my pet horse would break 
through and that would start the others. 
Finally we drove -them several miles to a 
ranch and corralled them there. My horse 
jumped the corral and ran off, so I had to 
ride another that had never before been 
ridden by a woman, but she behaved all 
right; not a wrong move all day. She after- 



ward became my pet mare and never devi- 
ated from her good behavior of that day. 

By the time we returned to camp, got the 
horses packed and were ready to start, it 
was after 12 o'clock. We moved along 
briskly until we reached the Gallatin river, 
which was forded and the trail taken up on 
the other side. 

It was indeed a trail! Over huge bowl- 
ders, through shale or slide rock, up one 
steep hill and down another, across small 
streams that came dashing down the moun- 
tain to join the river, finally emerging for 
a breathing spell into open space, only to 
go again through similar scenes. 

Night found us at the " Basin," a ranch 

owned by a Mr. M . We camped in a 

cabin nearby and spent the evening at his 
house. 

We did not leave camp until 11 o'clock, 
for good camps could be found anywhere 
in the next 20 miles, and the previous day's 
ride had been a very hard one for the horses 
as well as ourselves. We put a pack on one 
horse that had never packed before. Now, 
sometimes there is plenty of fun in doing 
something of this kind, and you are able to 
pick up the contents of that pack for miles 
around, but we took much precaution to 
avoid this. We blind-folded the horse, 
held him carefully, and when all was ready, 
turned him loose. He turned around a few 
times, tried to run, gave it up and that 
ended it. He was a good pack horse from 
that on. The day was uneventful as was also 
the following, and on October 9th, after an 
early start we reached the divide, or water- 
shed of the Gallatin and Madison rivers. 
The divide is quite low, surprisingly so to 
me, and I scarcely realized when we crossed 
it. 

Now came some rough riding, up steep 
pitches and down, crossing and recrossing 
streams, finally traveling along right in the 
water, through the brusri and over fallen 
trees, until we came to a nice little park, or 



A WEDDING TOUR IN THE ROCKIES. 



449 



open space, and here we pitched our camp 
for the night. When the regular routine of 
camp work was done we climbed the hill 
and with the glass viewed the lovely valley 
lying at our feet. 

There are several families living here, all 
acquaintances of my husband, and after din- 
ner we went calling. At the first place the 
family was not at home. At the next we 
stayed a few minutes, and at the next the 
family had just moved out for the winter. 

When morning came the rain-clouds had 
vanished, and though chilly it was pleasant. 
Our route now lay through the forest, and 
by noon we reached the Yellowstone Park 
boundary line. That night we camped 
at a station called Riverside. Here 3 
soldiers are stationed to protect the game. 
As no hunting is allowed, our guns were 
sealed and we had to keep them so while in 
the park. Toward dark the air became 
warmer, foreboding a storm, and in the 
morning it was snowing. We stayed in 
camp all day; but the second morning was 
clear and cold, with about 6 inches of 
snow on the ground. We moved early and 
followed a winding wagon road up, up, over 
a mountain range. 

In the distance was the Pyramid range, 
white and glistening in the frosty air, while 
nearer at hand were smaller ranges and the 
broad basin below us. Many tracks of elk, 
deer, antelope, bear and mountain lions 
were seen, but nothing appeared in sight 
but one lion, which crossed the road di- 
rectly in front of us. After reaching the 
summit, the road was quite easy; only a 
gradual down-hill grade, until we rounded 
a curve, came down the hill and then were 
at the Firehole Basin. Uncle Sam has 
spared no pains to make the roads good, 
and they are gradually being extended 
through all parts of the park. 

We forded the river and traveled the road 
up past Hell's Half Acre, past the great Ex- 
celsior geyser, and camped for the night 
right among boiling springs and on the 
bank of the river, on the only piece of bare 
ground we could find. No need to heat 
water here. Just go out and dip up all you 
want and then it is too hot to use without 
cooling. 

We moved camp as early as possible in 
the morning, for the vapor was rising like 
a fog; the bedding was damp and our 
clothing was becoming so. We traveled 
the usual road to the upper geyser basin, 
some 3 miles away. The geysers were 
steaming in all directions but we had little 
time to spare, for some high ranges were 
between us and our destination, and we had 
seen the park before. 

Leaving the geysers, we traveled a new 
road which we thought 'would take us to 
Shoshone lake; but it did not. It wound 
around and around up the mountain, up un- 
til we could see the main range of the 
Rockies — the Continental divide. After 



getting clear to the top of this divide we 
could see our destination, but that was not 
being there. Like a panorama the coun- 
try lay at our feet; the green trees, the pure 
snow, and farther on the blue, shining water 
surrounded by mountain chains; while in 
the distance, just peeping above the other 
ranges, were the mountains I had longed so 
much to see, the Teton range. 

We made an abrupt descent, making a 
trail for ourselves, through the timber and 
into small open spaces, running on to elk 
and bear sign, and finally coming out at a 
lovely little spot beneath tall trees and on 
the East shore of Shoshone lake. 

Did you ever camp in a place you felt as 
if you never wanted to leave? This was the 
way I felt about leaving Shoshone lake the 
next day. But the morning was passing 
and we must leave for a long, hard ride 
through the timber, up and down ravines, 
on the shores of the lake again. We passed 
Lewis lake, skirted its shores some dis- 
tance, then plunged into the forest again 
and followed a very dim trail. It was 
a long, tiresome ride, through " forests in- 
terminable," crossing small ravines, jump- 
ing fallen timber and over boggy, spring 
marshes. 

Finally, we came to a small open spot on 
the banks of the Lewis river and rode out 
into the stream to admire the falls. They 
were more cascades than falls, for the water 
leaped and tumbled in feathery foam over 
rocks of perhaps 50 feet or more in 
height. Leaving this small park, we again 
plunged into the forest and traversed it 
without a break in the monotony until we 
found a small opening where camp could 
be made; but it was late, later than we had 
ever made camp before and we had ridden 
fully 25 miles, and this was the 10th day of 
our trip, October 14th. 

It was noon when we left this camp, and 
came to a camp of soldiers, andafter our fire- 
arms were examined and found sealed we 
were allowed to pass. In a short time we 
met a party returning from a long hunt. 
The hunters said while on Buffalo fork, 
they could hardly sleep, for the elk made 
such a noise whistling. You should have 
seen their eyes open at the sight of a woman 
in these wilds. One man stared at me as if I 
were a strange animal, or a crazy woman. 

Ahead of us was a pass, and on reaching 
it a glorious sight met our eyes. Straight 
ahead, but far away, was Fremont's peak, 
and at its base lay our Mecca. Near at hand, 
on our right, were the grand Tetons. 
When a child at school I used to gaze long- 
ingly at a picture of Teneriffe peak, in my 
old geography, and thought that was the 
way all peaks should look; but although I 
had lived 7 years among the moun- 
tains my ideal had never been reality until 
now. When they burst upon my vision 
with clearness, and so near at hand. I at 
least had one illusion realized. Never shall 



45© 



RECREA TION. 



I forget the feeling that came over me when 
first I saw their snowy summits. Their 
height is nearly 15,000 feet and glaciers are 
found among them. On the left was a low 
range of wooded mountains and at our feet 
lay Jackson's lake, similar to Shoshone 
lake, but larger and dotted with a number 
of small islands. This valley is the famous 
Jackson's Hole. 

It snowed on us all the way, on October 
16th, to our next camping place. We saw 
ducks and geese a number of times, and 
finally I saw my first band of game animals, 
a bunch of antelope, about 16 in num- 
ber and running at full speed. Night found 
us camped on the East bank of Pacific 
creek. 

The next morning we found we had a 
very raw, disagreeable wind to face, with 
flurries of snow included. We traveled 
about 6 miles, when we came to a cabin, the 
home of a rancher. We sat by the fire and 
were made so welcome by the owner, who 
begged us to remain until after the storm, 
that we concluded to do so. During the 
day he said I was the first woman ever on 
that ranch. I must have been the only one 
his dog ever saw, for when we rode up to 
the house, the dog came out to meet us, but 
when I alighted he took one good look at 
me, gave a yelp, dropped his tail and made 
off, and during the entire stay I failed to get 
him near me. The cats ran out of the house, 
too, when I went in and the chickens scur- 
ried away in haste when I went to the barn- 
yard. 

As it was still snowing the next morning, 
we stayed through the day, but on October 
19th, the clouds were rising and disappear- 
ing when we arose. We prepared to move 
on in spite of the earnest solicitations of 
our host to remain. Our ride led directly 
over the hills, and the farther we went the 
less snow we found. Antelope were around 
us everywhere all day long. Just at this 
season they were traveling Southward to 
their winter homes. In going over a hill 
we suddenly came on a bunch and startled 
them so they ran directly in front of the 
horses thus giving us a fine view. We did 
not shoot at them for we had meat enough. 

The only regret I felt was that we were 
leaving the Tetons without having a view 
of their tops in a clear sky; for by night 
they were out of sight. We camped on a 
small creek where placer mining had been 
tried. The gold-pans, sluice-boxes, and 
lumber were lying around promiscuously, 
showing they had long been deserted. 

The morning of October 20th, was beau- 
tiful, clear, yes and cold. Just across the 
creek from us was a huge red hill and the 
sun seemed to fairly set it ablaze. The first 
thing I saw in looking at it was a band of 
antelope moving along on the narrow 
trail. We saw a solitary man with a pack 
train in the distance during the day, the first 
human being for 2 days. Toward even- 



ing we came to a high ridge and saw a 
bunch of antelope on the opposite one. 
They saw us in an instant and stopped to 
look; then one came on ahead. He would 
run some distance, then stop and look, then 
run on again until finally concluding the 
coast was clear he uttered a peculiar whistle 
and the whole bunch followed. 

That night we camped on the site of an 
old Indian camp and utilized their tepee 
poles for firewood. 

October 21. — We struck out boldly across 
the range this morning. The divide was 
low and there are game trails clear across. 
I took the lead and after a little difficulty 
we arrived in the valley below, on Green 
river. Antelope were still with us, every- 
where, in bunches of from 2 up to hun- 
dreds. We were nearing our destination, 
and felt we were almost home when camp 
was made that night. 

When we arose on the 17th day of our 
trip, it was with the expectation of reaching 
our destination that afternoon. A low 
range was to be crossed and on going over 
we had an exciting race. My husband 
started to rope an antelope that had its left 
leg broken. Although on a good horse, he 
could not get near enough the antelope to 
throw the rope. At a small rise another an- 
telope ran in between them, and the 
wounded one got into a thicket. 

We saw quite a number of cattle on this 
divide and when across it, had another an- 
telope race. I started in it, but it was harder 
riding than I liked. I stayed with the pack- 
horses while the hunter and hunted disap- 
peared from view. The antelope made good 
its escape. Soon after, we began to see 
some civilization and by 2 o'clock were at 
the Cora post office. 

We spent several days looking around, 
riding over the country and found we had 
reached a game-range indeed. Elk, deer, 
antelope, bear, mountain sheep, and moose 
were here, besides trout in millions, and 
feathered game. Then we concluded we 
would go up to the mountains again and 
camp until our goods arrived. 

We had been in camp but a few days 
when, on November 2d, my husband had a 
terrible encounter with a grizzly bear which 
nearly cost him his life. He was taken to 
the nearest house where he could be cared 
for, and it was 2 months before he could 
leave with safety. 

In January we moved to our home. It is 
said that sometimes too great happiness is 
only a forerunner of sorrow and so it was 
in this case. My husband's hand and eye 
had to have medical attention, so in March 
we went to Salt Lake City for the necessary 
treatment; but he fully recovered from his 
fight with the grizzly, barring a missing 
thumb, a stiff hand and a sadly scarred face. 
We now have as cosy a little home — " Wil- 
lowglen," on the East side of the Wind 
River range — as can be found anywhere. 



A DAY WITH QUINAULT TROUT. 



F. J. CHURCH. 



Reader, have you ever had the fortune to 
cast a fly upon waters practically unknown 
to man — so thoroughly unknown that no fly 
had ever been cast there before — no hook 
ever dropped into the transparent depths of 
the azure pools? If so, you have enjoyed a 
treat given to few of us in this world; and if 
your success was equal to your natural 
anticipation, you have had a banner day in 
your career. If you have been thus fortu- 
nate, and have not already done so, I beg of 
you, in the name of all true anglers, to tell 
us about it, in the columns of Recreation. 
I have had such an experience and here is 
the story of it. 

During the summer of '96, 3 of us under- 
took a trip never before attempted, in its en- 
tirety — i.e., to cross the many ranges of the 
Olympic mountains, that lie in tumbled, 
jagged, forbidding masses in the extreme 
Northwestern part of our country, in the 
State of Washington, reaching the Quin- 
ault river within a mile or two of its source 
in the great Lindsley glacier; then down 
the river, across the beautiful lake of the 
same name to the sea. Then a long ocean 
voyage on the huge billows of the Pacific, 
around Cape Flattery in an Indian dug-out 
canoe. This journey occupied 2 months, 
being full of adventure of various kinds, and 
in future articles I hope to tell you of the 
most interesting features of the trip. 

In this present paper, I shall tell you of 
the incidents of a day of days, or rather of 3 
hours on such a day, when I had my first 
and last introduction to the Quinault trout, 
which appears to be a species by itself. 

We had been tramping down stream for 
" 3 suns," as the Indian would say, carry- 
ing packs of over 70 pounds each; follow- 
ing the elk trails when we could, or walk- 
ing the gravel bars along the river, wading 
when necessary. The river was milky, from 
glacial action; but otherwise, as far as ap- 
pearance went, was an ideal stream for 
trout. We camped each afternoon about 4 
o'clock, and industriously whipped the 
pools and rapids; but with no success at all, 
not even a rise. To say we were disgusted, 
but mildly expresses it; for in addition to 
our camera, tent, provisions, blankets, rifles, 
etc., we had packed along 2 split bamboo 
rods, in their stiff cases, and if there is any- 
thing on earth that will drive a man to 
drink, it is trying to crawl through a vine 
maple jungle, on a scorching July day, with 
a heavy pack, above which projects, for 2 
feet, a trout rod in case. 

All the morning we had been working 
along the ridge above a superb, but forbid- 
ding canyon, the elk trail being in places 
as wide as an ordinary road, but very steep, 



giving us much tough climbing. About 2 
p.m. we reached the river bottom again, 
where a large stream came into the main 
river from the South, and at the junction, 
ye gods, what a pool! Fifty yards long 
and 30 across! Clear as crystal, with an ex- 
quisite tinge of blue and plenty of foam 
flecked eddys and riffles that must contain 
trout. 

With one accord we hunted up a good 
camping place, pitched our tent and cooked 
a hasty meal. We were all eager to try the 
unknown waters. Drawing lots for the big 
pool, at the forks, my companions were the 
fortunate ones and I took my way down 
the river, which, except at rare intervals, 
was too deep to wade. The air was cold 
and raw, the rocks slippery, the water liter- 
ally ice-water, being nothing but melted 
snow and ice; yet the eager anticipation as 
to what the few remaining hours of day- 
light might bring forth, made us careless 
as to cold or fatigue. 

For nearly a quarter of a mile below 
camp the stream ran swiftly between rocks 
and bowlders, without a sign of a pool. I 
cast my flies right and left, as carefully as I 
knew how, changing them once or twice. I 
fished in rapid waters, and in the swirls be- 
hind the rocks, but all to no purpose; not a 
rise could I get. After I had almost made 
up my mind there were no more pools in 
the river I came to a beauty — grander, if 
possible, than the one above, wher^e my 
companions were fishing. The river ran 
against a long rocky ledge, which turned 
it almost at right angles, forming a mag- 
nificent pool, with just below it another 
slightly smaller. With the mental comment 
that " if there are trout anywhere on earth, 
they are in there," I cautiously crept up be- 
hind a big rock and made a cast. The line 
straightened out,, the flies settling on the 
water as gently as a falling snow-flake, ex- 
actly in the spot I had intended to reach. 
My heart was in my mouth. I must con- 
fess I fully expected a strike, and a good 
one at that. 

But no, the foam bubbles sped merrily 
by. A little water ouzel bobbed up and 
down on a stone, chirping away in his own 
merry fashion; while a pair of stellar jays, 
in an under brush, were making all the row 
they could. I cast and recast in that pool. 
Then I tried the other one; but not a sign 
of a fish did I see. Then I tried a trolling 
spoon; then naked hooks, baited with 
bacon; but I might as well have been fish- 
ing in a bucket of water, as far as results 
were concerned. 

Looking at my watch and finding it was 
6 o'clock, I made up my mind to make one 



451 



45 2 



RECREA TION. 



more cast and quit. Some good angel must 
have prompted that; or, perhaps, the god- 
dess of fate had relented. At any rate, from 
the moment the flies settled on the water, 
at the completion of the cast, until it was 
too dark to see, I had my hands decidedly 
full. The tail fly, a Parmachene Belle, was 
seized by a rainbow trout, about 6 inches 
long, who was promptly landed, with the 
exclamation, " world, I'm not skunked any- 
how." 

I cast again with a resulting flash of white 
and silver, and a churning of the waters 
that made the pool fairly bold. Phtw! I had 
something this time with a vengeance. 
Back and forth across the pool he flew, 
breaking water constantly, leaping 2 or 3 
feet in the air, angrily shaking his head the 
while in his effort to loose the barb from 
his jaw. It appeared as if the fish was made 
of springs, and that each time he struck 
the water, he was projected therefrom 
again by some great catapult. 

After some 3 minutes of this work, the 
steady strain of the rod, aided by the press- 
ure of the automatic reel, began to tire 
him, and he sought the depths of the pool, 
where he doggedly held on, refusing to 
move, but giving queer little quick jerks 
on the line. From being cold, I was now 
bathed in perspiration, and in the battle had 
waded in above my waist. But what cared 
I provided always I could win in the end 
and land the prize. 

Having neither landing net, nor gaff, it 
was a delicate proposition. In the anxiety 
of the moment, it seemed as if his royal 
highness remained in the bottom of that 
pool for an hour or so. It was probably not 
more than 3 minutes, but when he finally 
did make up his mind, his decision was 
made and acted on instanter. Away he 
went, the reel singing merrily, straight 
down the pool and out of it, down the 
stretch of river to the next. Having only 
100 feet of line, I followed as best I might, 
floundering in holes up to my arm pits, 
barking my shins against unseen rocks; 
once falling flat and dropping the rod, 
to pick it up with fear and trembling. I 
found, to my grea^t delight, that I still had 
him. 

Finally, having reached the lower pool, he 
began to sulk again; but his struggle was 
nearly ended, and after the most exciting 
half hour I ever put in, I dragged him, 
panting but unconquered, out on to a gravel 
bar. Just as I stooped to pick up my prize, 
the hook slipped out of his jaw, and away 
he went, in frantic flops, toward the river 
and safety. A wild foot-ball dive, on my 
part, and a mixed up jumble of arms, legs, 
water, pebbles and trout; a lucky slipping 
of a finger in his gills, and I arose tri- 
umphant. Twenty inches if he was an inch! 
Full bellied, with absurdly small mouth for 
the size of the fish! The back an intense, 
greenish blue, while the sides were clear 



silver and the belly white. Such was my 
prize — the Quinault trout. I should judge 
he would weigh a trifle over 3 pounds. 

Wiping my brow, and making sure the 
brown hackle that took him was fit for an- 
other battle, I cast again, this time in the 
lower pool. Again a monster fish was 
hooked, and again every nerve in me shook 
with excitement until, the fight being over, 
he lay beside the other on the pebbly 
beach. At 7.30 I had 8 trout, all of a size 
and all of equal fighting qualities. 

The sun was just dipping behind the low 
hills to the Westward, so I made up my 
mind I would try to catch one more, to 
make it 3 a piece, in case the other boys had 
been unsuccessful. A dozen casts were 
made without a rise, when, just as I was 
about to lift the fly off the water for a final 
attempt, I saw something long and brown 
come slowly up to the top fly — a Reuben 
Wood. The great jaws opened, making a 
cavity large enough for me to put my fist 
in; and when I struck it felt as if the hook 
had imbedded itself in the trunk of a tree. 

The instant he felt the pain of the pene- 
trating hook his sluggish movements, of 
the moment before, developed into those 
of lightning rapidity. He did not break 
water at all, but around, across, up and 
down the pool he went, the line making a 
hissing noise as it cut through the water. 
The occasional glimpses I got revealed a 
great brown fish with a yellow belly. Mak- 
ing up my mind I was fast to a salmon, and 
one at least 3 feet long, I yelled and howled 
for the other chaps to come and help me 
out; but the roaring of the river kept them 
from hearing me. 

I played that fish until my wrist was so 
tired I could scarcely hold the rod; and 
finally, when his tremendous speed slack- 
ened, I seated myself on a rock and simply 
let the rod and reel keep a steady pressure 
on him, knowing that he must tire, in the 
end. Finally he gave up and turned on his 
side, and ye gods! A broad, deep red stripe 
ran down his side from head to tail. There, 
within 6 feet of me lay the grand-daddy of 
all the rainbow trout I ever saw or heard 
of. He was hooked fair in the hard mus- 
cles, at the top of his jaw, and if the tackle 
had been strong enough I could have 
hauled him bodily out on the sand. But I 
knew his weight alone, if unaccompanied 
by any jerk, would break my leader; and 
so I attempted to reel him in short until I 
could get my hand in his gills. 

Carelessly I had let my reel down, neg- 
lecting to take up the last 3 feet of line, so I 
stripped the rod, carefully pulling the line 
in with my fingers. When I grabbed him, 
my foot slipped and down I went on my 
hands and knees. Away went the trout, the 
crashing of the stones having put new life 
into him. I was not at all worried, know- 
ing I could soon reel him in again; but 
horror of horrors! miserabile dictu! In. 



THE STRATEGY OF TWO ANGLERS. 



453 



some way unknown to man or the devil, the 
line had formed a half hitch over the tip 
of the rod. A tightly singing leader and 
line; a moment of agony; a sharp " snap," 
and all was lost! A deep, muttered, heart- 
felt ejaculation, far more forcible than ele- 
gant, followed by a wild plunge into the 
pool in the hope of grabbing something, 
and a wet, tired and utterly disgusted an- 
gler stood on the bank looking wofully at 
the rapids flowing near, and now becom- 
ing black with the shades of night. No 
words in the English language — or any 
other language — could express my feelings. 
And so, gathering up my rod and string 
of trout, which were all I was able to lug, 
I wended my way campward, where I found 



a cheerful fire, and a pan of smoking trout 
awaiting me. My chums had had equal 
luck and had also lost the " King of the 
waters." Thus ended a day the memory of 
which will be with me as long as life lasts. 

In this blessed region there are no poison- 
ous insects, of any description, to annoy; 
and all would have been perfect if — Ah! 
reader, how much an " if " may mean. 
Never again will I get a chance like that. 
Such things come only once in a lifetime. 
The loss of that trout will be a regret to my 
dying day. Yet why should I complain? 
We could not have used him if I had suc- 
ceeded in landing him. Besides I had had 
the most exciting afternoon's fishing that 
fortune has ever favored me with. 



THE STRATEGY OF TWO ANGLERS. 



GARDNER C. TEALL. 



" Well, I'm sure I don't know what we're 
going to do for fish," said Kent, as he sat 
on the steps of the old boat-house and took 
his rod apart. 

" If there had been any we would have 
caught some, you may depend on that, if 
it's any consolation," the other replied. 

" I know. But to think of our coming 
away out here, loaded with all sorts of 
tackle, to a lake several miles long and 
nearly as broad, with all sorts of bait under 
our thumbs, from a grasshopper to a hop- 
toad, with science and magnificent theories 
at our command, yet not to get a sight of a 
fish, dead or alive! They'll laugh at us." 

Evidently it was this fear that harrowed 
Kent's soul. No angler likes to be laughed 
at, for what he has not done. 

The boys maintained a meditative silence 
for a few minutes and then Kent spoke 
again : 

" Say, just for the fun of it, let's try it 
again. What do you say? Just once more, 
before we pack up." 

So the rods went together for, like 
Barkis, the other was always "willin';" 
and into the boat they piled and pushed out. 

Perhaps it was because the water was not 
wet enough. At any rate the bass would 
not bite, nor would the muskalonge strike. 

To add to it all, the wind blew the lake 
surface into white caps, and " that fish " 
kept out of the way in the most provoking 
manner. 

The boys always spoke of " that fish " as 
" he," because, after the first 4 days of their 
angling (which was under the most un- 
favorable conditions) without getting a 



strike, Kent and his friend had come to the 
conclusion that there was but one fish in the 
lake. They conceded this much merely be- 
cause they had been taught that the exist- 
ence of that which we call " nothing " can 
only be demonstrated by a contrast of itself 
with that other extata which we call " some- 
thing." 

" Did you catch him? " the good people 
at the house asked, when the boys returned. 

There was a painful silence broken only 
by a miserere which emanated from a tune- 
ful mouth-organ, in the possession of John, 
and the party entered the house bearing 
Gray's Elegy expressions on their coun- 
tenances, relieved by an occasional Moody 
and Sankey smile. 

Soon the day drew to a close, and, in 
their last few hours, while the sun still 
shone, they put in their time snapping the 
kodak where one least expects a kodak to 
be. Tiring of this. Kent returned to the 
house and was soon engaged in perusing 
" The Life and Adventures of Captain Mc- 
Dougall, the Apollonite," written by his 
daughter; while the other lad sauntered 
down to the dam and, Svengalistic as it 
may appear, was. within a few minutes, 
actually fishing again! 

Minnow hooks and black linen thread 
completed his outfit. He had learned to 
make use of toad-stools, for bait, when it 
came to a pinch. And now comes the 
strange part of it all. 

No. he didn't catch any porpoises or 
whales. Neither did he capture a turtle on 
whose bark could be found carved words 
of mysterious import, the raveling of which 



454 



RECREA TION. 



mystery would have made possible the re- 
union of some long-lost and thought-to-be- 
dead lovers. Nothing of the like. No, far 
removed from the possibility of such ro- 
mantic happenings, the boy rested content 
in hauling out wee sun-fish and rock bass. 

Not too fast. Don't condemn him. He 
had a purpose — a brilliant idea. 

They would have some fish to show when 
they returned to the city, after all. And 
this is how the miracle was accomplished. 

Taking 8 of the smallest of this miniature 
catch, selecting each one a trifle larger than 
the one before, the young man strung the 
lot on a thread and fastened them up, by 
pins, before a small piece of cloth at the 
sides of which he had pinnecl some weeds 
a Varbe. The success of the scheme was as- 
sured then, and all it needed was an appli- 
cation of the camera. By this time Kent 
had finished his book and had sauntered 
down to view the arrangement. 

He laughed when he saw the fish, and 
grinned when he was told what they were 
there for. 

" Here," said Kent, " I'll run and get the 
camera; " and he was soon back with it. 



" Now we will have something to show," 
said he; and standing so as to get as close 
a focus as possible, thereby magnifying the 
fish greatly, and casting what afterward 
proved a very useful shadow — he made 2 
shots; " For," said he, " it will never do to 
run the chance of one not coming out clear. 
Our reputation depends on the success of 
the picture." 

"Whew!" they exclaimed, at home — 
and there were several fishermen present 
who should have known better. " What! 
All these black bass in 16 minutes? If you 
boys were not ' cherry-treers ' we'd call it 
a whopper; but maybe you are telling the 
truth. At any rate it's plain to see you got 
the fish, and we will not quarrel as to how 
long it took to get them, or the weight of 
each." And they took another admiring 
glance at the photograph. And well they 
might admire it; for it showed a string of 
fish that, to all but an expert, seemed veri- 
table black bass, of enormous size. And 
the fellows' mouths watered as they gazed 
— and continued to gaze — on the " magnifi- 
cent catch." 



WHISKERS. 



JAS. WEIR, JR., M.D. 



When quite a small lad, one of the first 
lessons set down in my copy-book, after I 
had graduated in " pot-hooks and hangers " 
was the trite old saw " Cleanliness is next 
to godliness." My Yankee governess, a 
tall, angular spinster, from Maine, made 
the meaning of this copy clear to my infant 
mind, pointing her remarks by calling at- 
tention to the Kentucky real estate which 
had found a resting-place beneath my finger 
nails, and which seemed to decorate them 
with perpetual badges of mourning. I have 
never forgotten that lesson and firmly be- 
lieve in its truth. 

The love of cleanliness seems to be in- 
herent in the lower animals, with but few 
exceptions. We have all noticed the cat, 
the dog, the squirrel, the monkey, and 
the birds at toilet-making; and we know 
they spend a large portion of their time in 
cleansing and beautifying their bodies. 
Some of them are dependent on their own 
ministrations, while others are greatly as- 
sisted by humble little servants, whose only 
remuneration is domicile, the cast-off cloth- 
ing, or the garbage and refuse from their 
host's table. 



For instance, the common domestic fowl 
is greatly assisted in its toilet by certain lit- 
tle animals belonging to the family Lithoe. 
These little creatures carefully scrape away 
and eat the scarf-skin, and other epidermal 
debris that would otherwise impair the 
health of their hosts. Some of the fish 
family are entirely dependent on the minis- 
trations of mutualists, as these little hy- 
gienic servitors are called, in matters of the 
toilet. Notably, the gilt cat-fish, which 
would undoubtedly die if deprived of its 
mutualist — the Gyropeltes. This remarkable 
little creature does not live on the body of 
its host, but swims free in the water, and 
only seeks him when it is hungry. The skin 
of the gilt cat-fish secretes a thick, glairy 
mucous exudate, which, if left to itself 
would imperil the health of the fish. The 
Gyropeltes, however, regard ttris exudate as 
delici6us food and rapidly remove and de- 
vour it. All insects devote some of their 
time to the toilet, and there is probably no 
one who has not, at some time or other, 
noticed the fly, or some other insect, at its 
toilet. 

The greatest lover of bodily cleanliness, 



RECREATION. 



455 



in the whole insect tribe, however, is, I be- 
lieve, my pet locust, " Whiskers " — so 
named by a little neice, on account of her 
long, graceful antennae. " Whiskers " is 
one of the smallest of her family, and is a 
dainty, lovely, agile little creature; light 
olive-green, in color, with red legs. She 
was reared from the egg, and has lived in 
my room all her short life. She is quite 
tame and recognizes me as soon as I ap- 
proach, often hopping 2 feet or more in 
order to light on my coat-sleeve, or out- 
stretched hand. 

The first thing she does, after reaching 
my hand, is to seek my little finger and try 
her jaws on a diamond ring. The diamond 
seems to puzzle her greatly. She sometimes 
spends several minutes closely examining 
it. She will stand off at a little distance 
and pass her antennae over every portion of 
it. Then she will come closer and make a 
more minute examination; finally essaying 
another bite with her powerful jaws. A 
great water-drinker, she evidently thinks 
the stone is some strange kind of dewdrop, 
hence her persistent efforts to bite it. 

" Whiskers " has developed cannibalistic 
tastes, for the hardened skin around my 
finger nails is a favorite morccau which she 
digs out with her sharp jaws and masticates 
with seeming delight. She nips out a piece 
of skin, cocks her head on one side, and, 
looking up at me with her clear, emerald- 
tinted eyes, her masticatory apparatus 
working like a grist-mill, she seems to 
say, "Well! old fellow, this is good." 

She passes most of her time on a bit of 
turf, in a box on my table, where the sun 
shines bright and warm. She is fond of 
water, however, and makes frequent excur- 
sions to the water-pitcher across the room. 
How she discovered that it contained water 



is more than I can tell; but she did, and she 
visits it often. 

It is in her habits of bodily cleanliness, 
however, that " Whiskers " outshines all 
other insects. I have watched her at early 
dawn and have always found her at her 
toilet. This is her first undertaking, even 
before taking a bite to eat. She makes fre- 
quent toilets during the day, and it is her 
last occupation at night before sinking to 
rest on a blade of grass. Her method of 
procedure is very interesting. She com- 
mences by first carefully cleansing her an- 
tennae, drawing each of them through her 
mouth repeatedly. Then she treats her 
fore-legs to a thorough scrubbing, going 
over every portion with her tongue and 
jaws. With her fore-legs, using them as 
hands, she then cleans her head and shoul- 
ders, if I may use the latter term. Her mid- 
dle legs and her long " vaulters " are then 
subjected to the same careful treatment. 
Her back and the posterior portion of her 
abdomen are next rubbed down, she using 
the last pair of legs for this purpose. Final- 
ly, standing erect and incurvating her abdo- 
men, between her legs, she cleans it and her 
ovipositor, with her jaws and tongue. Her 
toilet is made 20 or 30 times a day. Invari- 
ably, after one of her excursions to the 
water-pitcher, as soon as she returns to her 
box this is her first occupation. 

This interesting little creature shows a 
high degree of intelligence, inasmuch as 
she evidently knows the way to and from 
the water-pitcher. Many of the lower ani- 
mals, notably the ant, the snail, the limpet, 
and the flea have the sense of direction 
highly developed; but it remained for 
" Whiskers " to show that even an insect of 
such low organization as the locust pos- 
sesses it likewise. 



RECREATION. 



SAM. LEVEL CROFOOT. 



Is my greatest consolation. 
It gives me all the sporting news, 
And quickly cures the chronic blues. 
It tells me where to hunt for deer, 
And makes me glad, 12 times a year. 
It treats of guns and game and fish, 
And everything that one could wish. 
I read its pages o'er and o'er, 
Then sigh because there are no more. 
These modest facts I free confess, 
And wish Coquina great success. 



FROM THE GAME FIELDS. 



A QUAIL HUNT IN THE INDIAN 
TERRITORY. 

LEVI LUIGO. 

On December 26th we started on our an- 
nual quail hunt up in the B. I. T. Our 
party of 5 consisted of Maj. L. L. Maughs, 
Dr. W. H. Mills, H. Brooks, Ed. Pollard 
and me. Our destination was some 20 miles 
Northeast of this place. We took the M. 
K. & T. Railway to Cale, I. T., some 16 
miles North, and then by hack 10 miles 
East. About the time we arrived at Cale 
the wind came in from the North and 
blew great guns. Some one suggested that 
we had better turn back; but the rest of 
us did not agree with him. Soon after we 
left Cale it commenced to snow, but fort- 
unately for us the wind was to our backs. 

We soon came to a farm house where we 
expected to stay and were told they could 
not take care of us, as the man who lived 
there had left the day before, for Texas, 
after a wife; that they expected him back 
that night and would have to celebrate. 
The Major said he did not want to stop 
where there was a bride and groom, as it 
always made him feel sad. They told us 
they thought a farmer a little farther on 
would take care of us; so we drove on and 
soon came to the place. After making 
known our situation the man said we could 
stay; so we unloaded our plunder, ate our 
lunch, got our guns together and started 
out after quail. Major Maughs and Dr. 
Mills went together; Pollard and I to- 
gether, and Brooks alone. The Major 
wanted to go with me, but I was afraid of 
his thoroughbred dog. The Major says he 
(the dog) has a pedigree as long as his 
arm, and from the looks of him I did not 
doubt it. He may be pointer, setter, hound 
or plain cur; you can't tell anything from 
his looks. 

We all got back to the house a little be- 
fore dark, with good bags. We rushed for 
the fire — one of those old-fashioned fire- 
places at least 6 feet wide. Soon after sup- 
per was announced and we filed out. All 
atfc as hungry hunters always do, and then 
made for the fire-place again. Soon after 
supper the others of the family commenced 
dropping in around the fire, and I thought 
they never would stop coming. There were 
6 of us, with our driver; the farmer and 
wife, 2 grown sons, 2 nearly grown daugh- 
ters and one granddaughter, 13 in all. 

The house had 2 small rooms and one 
small shed, that was used to cook and eat 
in. I never knew where they all slept. 

It was getting cold, sure enough, so we 
piled on the wood and told yarns until 
nearly 11 o'clock — all dreading to go to bed. 



I think we would have remained up the 
most of the night if the Major had not got 
on to his war yarns. Then we all said we 
believed we preferred going to a cold bed, 
and off we started. 

Pollard and I and 2 dogs took one bed, 
and the others in about the same order. 
The candle was soon put out, but we could 
see all the stars, on our side of the house, 
through the cracks in the siding. It had 
been put on green and had shrunk till you 
could put your hand through the wall any- 
where. This makes a fine summer house, 
but not very good for winter, especially 
when the mercury is hunting zero. Still 
we all slept the sleep of the just and got up 
feeling good. Yet it was cold and we had 
hard work to get Brooks and Mills to wash 
their faces before breakfast. After a late 
breakfast we again started after the quail 
and hunted until noon. Then we ate dinner 
and started back to town, hunting all favor- 
able places on our way in. After getting in 
town we divided up, and all were well satis- 
fied with our trip. 



BIG GAME IN MAINE. 

Oldtown, Me. 

Editor Recreation; It is interesting to 
note the different opinions regarding our 
big game. Nearly all the guides will tell 
one game is on the increase; while many 
outsiders, and some of our own citizens, 
say game will soon go, with the buffalo. 
These citizens do not consider the differ- 
ence between the prairies and our Maine 
forests. If our game could be turned out 
on an open prairie, where it could find no 
cover, it could then be exterminated by 
hunters, using repeating rifles and fast 
horses; but the 13,000,000 acres of forest 
land in this State, or a great portion of it, 
is jungle. In many places the hunter must 
pull the bushes apart to get through; and in 
9 cases out of 10 the game is in such thick 
cover that it will hear the hunter and flee. 

I believe our caribou are going North. 
In some localities where I traveled last 
year, and several years previous, I saw 
plenty of deer, moose and caribou. In Oc- 
tober and November, last, I traveled with 
sportsmen some 50 or 75 miles through the 
same country, and saw few signs of caribou. 

I do not judge of the condition of game 
entirely by my own observation; but from 
information gathered from practical hunters 
and guides. 

I have no fear of our game being exter- 
minated. Our fish and game commission- 
ers, and the legislative committee on fish 
and game, have worked hard to devise plans 
for better game protection. They have 



456 



FROM THE GAME FIELDS. 



457 



made more stringent laws, and have li- 
censed the guides, which I hope will have 
the desired effect on game and fish hogs. 
Our laws are severe in comparison with 
those of the neighboring province of New 
Brunswick. Their law fixes the date at 
which the shooting of all kinds of game 
shall commence as September ist, the open 
season to continue until December 31st. 
After that no one is allowed to go in the 
woods with a gun without a special permit 
from the Surveyor General. 

In Maine the shooting of big game com- 
mences on October ist, and continues to 
December ist, which is 2 months shorter 
than in the provinces. The sportsman over 
the line is limited to one moose, 2 caribou 
and 2 deer; but if he kills in excess of that 
number, he gets off by paying a much 
smaller fine than in Maine. Here the 
sportsmen can kill only one caribou, 2 deer 
and one moose. For killing in excess of 
the legal number of moose, deer and cari- 
bou, the fine in the province is not less than 
$20 nor more than $40, and in default of 
payment of these penalties, imprisonment 
for a period not exceeding one month, nor 
less than 15 days. No one is permitted to 
kill any cow or female calf moose, within 
the province. Penalty $200, and not less 
than $100. The province fishing laws are 
similar to those in Maine. 

It is estimated that 50,000 persons visited 
Maine in 1896. The number of deer taken 
by them is placed at 2,245; moose 133, cari- 
bou 130. 

Granville M. Gray, Oldtown, Me. 



LEARNING TO SHOOT ON THE 
WING. 



I saw in your March number a request 
for advice as to how to learn to shoot on the 
wing. An experience of over 60 years has 
convinced me that every one must learn 
this for himself. It cannot be taught, for 
the following reasons: 

ist. The difference in mental sight. To 
some people the full moon looks no larger 
than a quart cup; while to others it looks 
as big as a peck measure. 

I have tried to instruct several young as- 
pirants, with indifferent success. When I 
try to impress them with the need of fore- 
laying a crossing bird 5 or 10 inches, it may 
look to them 5 or 10 feet. The difference 
of nerve and temperament, in different peo- 
ple, is as important as quality of powder 
and gun. I was once shooting in Wiscon- 
sin, with another man and was not making 
a good record. 

" Where are you shooting? " he asked. 
' You were sure death on prairie chickens 
yesterday." 

" About 6 feet ahead," I said. 



" Too slow," said he, " with your slow 
gun, Peterson's powder and the ducks go- 
ing before this high wind. You ought to 
forelay all of 10 feet." I did so and they 
died. 

Another difficulty is the excess or defi- 
ciency of " decision of character." Some 
slow men are good shots, but they are those 
who never pull till they are ready, and al- 
ways do pull when they are ready. They 
seldom make good snap shots in thick 
cover; while the man who can think and 
act almost simultaneously is not so good 
at open field shooting. 

The boy's first gun should be a model 
of what he is likely to use later in life. I 
first shot a single barreled, 20 gauge gun, 
and can now do my best work with that 
same arm; while to men who have learned 
with double guns a single barrel always 
feels like a stick. Beginners should early 
form the habit of shooting in advance of the 
game. No moving object in space is where 
it looks to be. The sun and moon are miles 
in advance of their apparent position at the 
moment the rays catch our eye and brain. 
So a bird in flight is in advance of where we 
think it is. Powder and nerve are quick; 
but some time must elapse, and that time is 
well improved when a duck is going down 
wind at the rate of a mile a minute — and 
they often do it. That rate gives them a 
flight of 88 feet a second and a second .is 
only about 2 winks of the eyelids. 

Now suppose a flock of 20 or 30 ducks 
are moving at that rate. They will probably 
occupy a range of 60 feet and are leaving 
more than that space behind them every 
second. How can you hope to hit any of 
them if you do not shoot well ahead? I 
have been in a position to notice beach 
shooters; and when they shoot well ahead 
it is most always the rear ducks that fall, if 
any. In early times in California, before 
quail were shot at, they would take to the 
trees and when they came down, in a para- 
bolic curve, it required a guessing advance 
of 15 or 20 feet to tell where they would 
land. Another factor in wing shooting is 
optical illusion. Let a quart cup be sus- 
pended by an invisible thread, at a fair gun- 
shot away, with the sky for a background, 
and the most expert rifleman will stand but 
a poor show of hitting it for the reason that 
he can see quart cups anywhere in space. 

Learn to shoot in advance of a moving 
object, and practice will eventually tell you 
how far ahead better than I can. The rea- 
son so many birds are winged, and not 
killed, is because they are hit by the rim of 
the charge, .and not with the centre — a sure 
■*idication of a poor shot. 

Boys, you should commence with a 12, 14 
:>r 16 gauge and load it right. Always use 
the same quality as well as quantity. Make 
up your minds to throw away a certain 
amount of ammunition. Blaze away till you 
acquire decision and knowledge as to where 



458 



RECREA TION. 



to hold. Always be sure to level your gun 
and not to merely point the muzzle at the 
object — and you will kill — if you can esti- 
mate distance, quickly and correctly. This 
faculty can only be acquired with practice. 



D. T. R. asks for hints on learning to 
shoot on the wing. Liberal and persistent 
practice at the trap is good for this purpose. 
An inexpensive trap can be made in this 
way: Take a piece of I inch oak board, 
about 3 feet long by i foot wide. Take an- 
other piece ^2 inch thick and of same di- 





»^^^///5 a^/;///^^ 



mensions. Attach the Yz inch to the other 
by means of hinges at one end. Then get 2 
springs such as are used in sofas, one long 
one and one short. Put the shorter one 
about 15 inches from the end of the boards, 
where they are attached, and the longer 
one about a foot behind that and the trap 
is finished. 

Now for a trigger to hold it down, when 
ready to fire. Shape a piece of board into a 
hook and attach it by a hinge to the lower 
board. Then pull the upper board down 




Fig. 2. 

and put the projection of the trigger over 
it, and it is ready to fire. To throw the 
trap simply pull the string attached to the 
trigger. 

This trap will throw bottles and cans far 
enough to afford good practice for any 
would-be wing shooter, and practice makes 
perfect. 

K. C. S., West Newton, Mass. 



The Bergen County Gun Club, of Hack- 
ensack, N. J., which in a year has become 
one of the strongest clubs in this vicinity 
announces that it will celebrate its first an- 



niversary by holding a 2 days' shoot, at 
targets, June 2d and 3d. The programme 
follows: 1 

June 2d: The 4th shoot for the Rec- 
reation Cup, which represents the indi- 
vidual amateur championship of New Jer- 
sey gun clubs. This match is open to all 
amateur members of recognized gun clubs 
of the State. The conditions of the race 
are: 100 targets, 50 at known angles, and 
50 at unknown angles, $2. Entrance to 
cover cost of targets. The cup to the win- 
ner; $5 to 2d high gun, and $2 to 3d high 
gun. Optional sweepstakes on each 25 tar- 
gets. Entries close before the completion 
of the first string of 25 targets. The shoot 
for the cup will commence at 1 p.m. sharp. 

Sweepstake shooting will be started both 
before and after the main event, traps be- 
ing ready for practice at 10.30. 

June 3d: A programme of sweepstake 
events for this day will be arranged, the 
events ranging from 10 to 25 targets, with 
entrance fees at popular prices. The Rose 
System will be used in dividing purses. 



A MORNING WITH THE WHITE 
RABBITS. 

W. H. FLINT. 

Early one morning in January, when the 
mercury was loitering in the neighborhood 
of zero, 5 of us started for the haunts of the 
white rabbit. In this part of New York 
State they are the largest game we have, 
with the exception of the red fox, and these 
are so scarce and such good runners that 
you can seldom run one to earth. 

After a drive of 30 minutes we arrived at 
our destination. As soon as we had taken 
care of our team, and thawed the frost out 
of our ears and fingers, we let the dogs loose 
and started for the woods. 

This piece of timber contains about 650 
acres, with a large ravine running through 
the centre of it. On one side of this ravine, 
and parallel with it, runs an old log road. 
Up this road we all went, in single file. 

About 2 inches of snow had lately fallen, 
which covered the old tracks, and as the 
sun began creeping above the tree tops, and 
we felt the warmth of its rays, we knew we 
were to have an ideal day's sport. 

We had traveled about 100 rods up the 
road when whir-r-r from almost under our 
feet went a ruffed grouse. Then another, 
and instantly 5 guns jumped to shoulder. 
But that was all. The season had closed 
and the birds escaped. 

All this time the dogs had been working 
but had started nothing, although there 
were plenty of signs. We were getting dis- 
couraged, when all at once the voice of the 
old dog rang out strong and clear as a 
bugle, mingled with the " yep — yep — yep " 
— of his mate. What music to a hunter's ear! 



FROM THE GAME FIELDS. 



459 



Robinson said, " Boys, I'd rather hear that 
than a brass band. There they go across 
the road above us." 

Up the road some of us went, the others 
down. We took our stations about 500 feet 
apart, waiting for the game to circle and 
come back. Fainter and fainter grew the 
baying of the dogs. They went almost out 
of hearing — but hark! that sounded near. 
Yes, they have turned and are coming back. 
Nearer and nearer they come. Now be 
ready for a quick shot. They are almost 
here. What? Have they circled and gone 
back? No they have gone down the ravine. 
Down the road — quick — to head him off. 
Too late! Back in the road we go and take 
our stations again, satisfied bunny will cross 
next time. 

Sure enough, in a few minutes we hear 
the dogs coming again. This time Mr. Cot- 
tontail comes straight for the road. Bang! 
Some one up the road has the first shot. 
Did he get him? 

" All right," shouted Burdick. " I've got 
him." It was a long run for a rabbit — one 
hour and 15 minutes. 

After giving the dogs a rest we sent them 
into the brush again. In a very short time 
they started a rabbit, and thinking it would 
be a better place down in the ravine I went 
there and took my stand where I had a 
good view of both sides of the ravine. I 
had been there but a short time when I 
heard the dogs coming. Then I saw the 
rabbit coming down the hill. He was mak- 
ing a bee line for where I stood. I said I 
would not shoot until he started up the hill 
on the other side. 

He came so near I could have hit him 
with my gun barrel as he passed. I raised 
my gun, took deliberate aim and pulled — 
and pulled — . Then I tried the other trigger 
and the rabbit was over the hill out of 
sight. Didn't have my gun cocked! 

Further remarks are unnecessary. Every 
shooter has been there and knows just how 
I felt. 

As soon as the dogs had passed I went 
up to the road and there had the satisfac- 
tion of seeing one of the boys stop this same 
rabbit on his return. 

It took nearly one hour to start the next 
game and nearly 2 hours to bag him. The 
woods were getting so tracked up, it was 
hard work for the dogs to follow a fresh 
track. 

It was now growing late and we decided 
to start for home. Although we hadn't 
succeeded in getting as many rabbits as we 
had expected we were well satisfied with our 
day's sport. 



N. Mullen, of Harrisville, Lewis Co., N. Y., 
who is one of the best guides and most 
accommodating men I have ever met. He 
knows the Cranberry lake region like a 
book. This is, without doubt, the best 
hunting ground in the North woods to-day, 
owing to St. Lawrence County being closed 
to hounding. The deer seem to have found 
this out and they fiock in there from all 
adjoining Counties, which makes rare sport 
for those wishing to hunt in a legitimate 
way. Cranberry lake, with its many tribu- 
taries, also affords as good sport as can be 
found in the woods, with rod and reel. 

Mr. Mullen has spent 33 years in this 
region and can show you a deer, or land you 
in a trout pond, on short notice. Last July, 
while fishing in Omstead pond, we saw and 
counted 32 deer. 

Nothing affords me more solid com- 
fort than to sit around a blazing camp fire 
after a long day's hunt, and listen to stories 
of exploits with gun and rod; then to roll 
up in my blankets, on a fragrant bed of 
balsam boughs, and, listen to the crackle of 
the fire, the sighing of the pines and the 
numerous other noises from the forest. It's 
a lullaby you can't enjoy in a city flat, and 
you awake in the morning feeling that you 
have really slept and rested. There is no 
dark brown taste in your mouth to remind 
you that your room was not properly ven- 
tilated, and you unroll yourself from your 
blanket and go about your camp duties 
feeling like a new man — ready for any 
amount of hard work. 

Readers of Recreation who have never 
enjoyed a taste of this life should begin now 
to lay their plans for a trip into the North 
woods. One week of camp life there will 
do you more good than all the medicine a 
doctor can pour into you in a year. I al- 
ways begin making my plans for the com- 
ing year as soon as I get home; and I look 
forward to it, as a child does to Christ- 
mas. If one is a true lover of nature he 
can't help it. The North woods with their 
rugged mountains, their glassy lakes and 
sparkling trout streams, are truly a para- 
dise, and I advise all the readers of this 
little magazine to buy pack baskets: pack 
your duffel, adorn yourselves in old clothes, 
shoulder your rifles and buy tickets for the 
Adirondacks. E. W. G. 



Syracuse, N. Y. 

Editor Recreation: I should like to ac- 
quaint the readers of Recreation, who are 
anticipating a trip to the woods, with Henry 



Neponset, III. 

Editor Recreation: I send you the fol- 
lowing letter, written me by my brother 
who some months ago sought the Cascade 
mountains of Washington for his health. 
The letter is dated at Lake Chelan, and is 
as follows: 

A month ago to-day a party of us had an 
experience I will never forget. It certainly 
reminded me of the expeditions you made 
while in Montana. 



460 



RECREATION. 



There were 6 of us in the party. We had 
3 pack horses loaded with provisions and 
a camp outfit. We left Chelan on Friday, 
on board the steamer, for the North end of 
the lake and on the following morning 
started up the Stehkin valley. At Rainbow 
falls (3 miles from the head of the lake) it 
commenced to snow. 

We made 15 miles, to Bridge creek, and 
camped in a hunter's cabin. Another old 
building served as a shelter for the cay- 
uses. 

We were wet as soaked cats, but the log 
fire-place, filled with cedar logs, soon dried 
us out. We had an exceptionally good lot 
of fellows and our evening — notwithstand- 
ing the wildness of the tempest — was most 
enjoyable. 

The next morning we found the snow 3 
feet deep — all of which had fallen in 15 
hours. It was our intention to go to the 
summit of the Cascades, in search of moun- 
tain sheep and goats, which it is said abound 
there; but owing to the heavy snow we 
were compelled to retrace our steps. 
m We made 5 miles that day, having to 
break a trail in order to get our cayuses 
out. On our way back we saw many signs 
of deer but no game. 

In 2 days we reached, again, the Stehkin 
hotel. The steamer was there, so we took 
our horses aboard and were soon ready for 
supper. 

The next morning we started down the 
lake. The scenery is magnificent all 
through this country. The abruptness of 
the Cascade mountains is characteristic. 
On our upward trip we saw 5 goats, prob- 
ably }i of a mile away. On our return 2 
showed up, within range — an old billy and 
a kid. We had some fun shooting at them, 
but the lay of the country was such that it 
was impossible to follow them. 

After leaving the steamer 2 of us took to 
the hills for a shot at deer, and after a tramp 
of 2 hours I killed a fine black tail buck, 
which dressed 190 pounds. 

We found jack rabbits numerous in the 
Big Bend country, and prairie chickens 
were easy to get at every turn. A good 
many mallards are wintering on the Co- 
lumbia river. M. P. M. 



Some alleged sportsmen who visited 
Florida put up at a little backwoods hotel 
and asked the proprietor to get them a 
guide. 

" We want to put in a day or so in these 
parts," the shooters explained, " and want 
a good man for a guide. Of course there 
are guides to be had here? " 

" Lots of 'em," answered the proprietor. 
" You kin git all kinds of guides here." 

" Well, we want the best that can be had 
for money, and we don't care what it 
costs," said one of the hunters. 

" There's 2 or 3 kinds of bests in this 



business," returned the proprietor, " and it 
all depends on what line you want. There's 
Bill, f'r instance. He knows more about 
these here woods in a minute than anyone 
else does in a week. He kin take you to 
more onfrequented places and hustle you 
'round faster than any other feller in this 
section." 

" Just the man for us," said the spokes- 
man. " Where is he? " 

" Then there's Hank," continued the pro- 
prietor, without noticing the question. " I 
s'pose he knows more about the game an' 
the best way to get it than any man 't ever 
lived in these parts. He kin gin'ly scare up 
somethin' when nobody else kin." 

" Then he's the man for us," said the 
spokesman. " We came from the city to 
make a record." 

" Make a record? " repeated the proprie- 
tor. 

" That's it exactly. We want to make a 
record in the hunting line that we can 
boast of when we go back." 

The proprietor went over and sized up 
their pile of luggage, including everything 
that was latest in the way of hunters' equip- 
ment. 

" You don't want Bill, nor Hank," he 
said at last. " I'll send for Jim. He's the 
best man for you." 

" What's Jim's special qualification? " 
they asked. 

" Wy, he's the best liar in this State," re- 
plied the proprietor. " If you can't make a 
record with him there ain't no use tryin' 
fer it with no one else. At first I thought 
you was jest up here fer the huntin', an' I 
was goin' on that basis, but I kin fit you 
out for best records jest as easy, if that's 
what you're after." 



Cable, Wis. 

Editor Recreation: We all consider 
yours the best magazine in its line, and look 
forward to the day of its arrival with much 
the same pleasure as the sportsman does to 
the opening of the deer or trout season. 
We have here the greatest combination of 
sport to be found anywhere in this State. 
This claim can be attested by hundreds 
of people who come here, every summer, 
to rest and recuperate. 

Cable is the highest Railway point in the 
State, being 1,368 feet above sea level. 
Cable lake is about one half mile from the 
depot; is 3 miles long and one mile wide. 
Black bass and Northern pike are abun- 
dant. Both average large, the pike often 
weighing as high as 30 pounds. 

Long lake, 2 miles from Cable, is 8 miles 
long, one mile wide, and affords excellent 
bass and pike fishing. Namakagan lake is 
10 miles East of Cable. There is a beautiful 
driveway to the lake, over plains that 
abound with prairie chickens, sharp tail 
and ruffed grouse. The road crosses sev- 



FROM THE GAME FIELDS. 



461 



eral streams where trout may be seen by 
the hundreds, and leads through dense for- 
ests of hardwood where you may frequently 
see a noble old buck, with horns in the 
velvet, or a doe with her fawns grazing on 
the tender clover that grows by the road- 
side. The lake has 100 miles of coast; is 
delightfully picturesque; is 75 feet deep, in 
places, and is as clear as crystal. Black 
bass, pike, pickerel, perch, crappies and 
muskalonge are abundant A fine trout 
stream empties into the head of this lake. 

There are 10 or 12 other lakes near this 
one, all of which afford good fishing. 

Should any reader of Recreation con- 
template a trip let him write me and I will 
gladly give him all the information he may 
wish. D. Archibald. 



Buford, Colo. 

Editor Recreation: Last winter was a 
remarkably easy one for all kinds of game. 
The elk had no trouble in going through 
any snow we had. 

On the West of us, and only 2 miles 
from our camp, on the South fork, a bunch 
of about 50 elk wintered. To the South- 
east of us, not more than 4 miles distant, 
one bunch of 7 and one of about 20 stayed 
all winter, and in the canon there were a 
number of others. None of these was dis- 
turbed. They stayed in the green timber, 
only getting on the hillsides to feed, then 
going back into the timber t,o lie down. 
What little hunting is done, for elk in win- 
ter, is done entirely on snowshoes and for 
meat only. 

The deep holes in the river, where the ice 
is off, afford good fishing for white fish, 
though no trout bite in winter. The bulk 
of the fish go down the river in winter, 
and return in the spring, but a considerable 
number stay here all winter. 

One party that intended to come to White 
river for a hunt, last fall, had quite a lot of 
grief in New Castle. They outfitted there, 
and for some reason or other wished no 
guide, preferring, I suppose, to do their 
own guide work. One of the horses they 
had hired was a little flossy, and to be sure 
he would stand still, while being packed, 
one of the men, a prominent R. R. officer, 
took a turn of the hackamon around his 
wrist. The horse went, and the man could 
not get loose; so he was dragged. A spe- 
cial car took his remains back to his wife, 
and the rest of the party, disheartened by 
the death of one of their number, gave up 
the projected hunt. It seems to me that 
men unaccustomed to packing and han- 
dling the " mild eyed cayuse " make a mis- 
take in not getting someone to do it for 
them. 

The wolves are increasing very rapidly 
all over this country. 

J. M. Campbell. 



Editor Recreation: My trip to Wyo- 
ming and Colorado was all I could ask for. 
I went to Rawlins, Wyo., and from there 
to Dixon, where we fitted out with wagon 
and pack outfit; thence went up Snake 
river to the falls. Trout were plentiful and 
we soon got tired of them. We crossed the 
continental divide at Colombine, a new 
mining town, to Hahn's peak; thence up 
Elk river as far as we could get. Game was 
abundant. In some places the country 
looked like a tame deer park. We also 
found plenty of mountain grouse. 

On our return we camped in Slater park. 
Deer and antelope were here by the hun- 
dreds and grouse by the thousands. We 
killed only what game we could use. 

The one thing that pleased me most was 
the 38-55 Winchester carbine. It has a 20 
inch barrel; weighs S Z A pounds, and uses 
smokeless shells and soft pointed bullets. 
In my younger days I was an expert with 
the rifle, and found I had not entirely lost 
my grip. I could not have done better with 
any rifle than I did with this little carbine. 
I killed one of the finest and largest 5 prong 
mule deer bucks I ever saw. He was fully 
400 yards away and in open ground. One 
shot got him; and that was enough for 
each of the deer I killed. I always shoot 
offhand. Those who want to use heavy 
guns can do so; I have no use for them. 
I also used a Bristol steel fishing rod, and 
it is the best rod I ever used, though I have 
been fishing and shooting over 50 years. 

George Hayden. 



Juneau is all right in more ways than one. 
Just now it is the outfitting point for the 
rich gold fields, and as a hunting and fish- 
ing resort it promises to become famous in 
later years. Game will exist in the wild 
and impassable country, long after it has 
been destroyed in the more accessible 
places. Deer (white tail), mountain goats 
and black and brown bear are plentiful and 
easy to get. Blue grouse and white tail 
ptarmigan, and occasionally ruffed grouse, 
are found on the hills, but just now are 
high up. Roads or trails are scarce and all 
travel is by boat. 

Ducks are found in the bays and rivers 
in September and October, principally 
mallards, widgeons and green winged teal. 
Sea ducks, geese and cranes appear later. 
So will jack snipe and other beach birds. 

Eagles — fine white headed old patriarchs 
— are conspicuous on the dead trees along 
the shore line, but keep a safe distance from 
anything human. 

Many people here hunt during the winter 
months: some for fur and the market, 
others for sport. The favorite rifle among 
them seems to be the 30 calibre Winchester 
smokeless, with soft nosed bullet. A friend 
of mine who was out on the summit the 



462 



RECREA TION. 



other day met with a small black bear and 
blew its head all to pieces with one of these 
rilles. The man also got 3 mountain goats. 
1 killed an eagle with a metal patched 
bullet and scarcely turned a feather. 

Geo. G. Cantwell, Juneau, Alaska. 



At the 4th annual meeting of the Adiron- 
dack Guides' Association, held at Saranac 
lake, N. Y., in January last, the honorary 
president, the Hon. Verplanck Colvin, of 
Albany, appointed the following named 
gentlemen, from the list of Associate Mem- 
bers, as best representing the different em- 
ployers of guides, as a Board of Honorary 
Trustees for the year ending on the third 
Wednesday in January, 1898. 

R. Babcock, P. O. Box 197, New York 
City, 
A. Nelson Cheney, Glens Falls, N. Y., 
Verplanck Colvin, Albany, N. Y., 
W. West Durant, 45 Broadway, New 
York City, 
Ulysses S. Grant, San Diego, Cal., 
Dr. A. G. Gerster, 56 East 25th St., New 
York City, 

R. H. Kissell, Morristown, N. J., 
Senator G. R. Malby, Ogdensburgh, 
N. Y., 
Schuyler Merritt, Stamford, Conn., 
Warner Miller, Herkimer, N. Y., 
Col. A. G. Mills, 38 Park Row, New 
York City, 

J. J. Broome, Room 29, 115 Broadway, 
New York City, 

G. O. Shields, Editor Recreation, New 
York City, 

Samuel J. Tilden, New Lebanon, N. Y., 
W. C. Witherbee, Port Henry, N. Y., 
Wm. R. Weed, Potsdam, N. Y. 
The guides are doing excellent work in 
the way of reporting violations of the game 
and fish laws and in rebuking men who 
would slaughter game or fish in order to 
be able to boast of big bags. 



Belle Meade, N. J. 

Editor Recreation: Last fall I spent 3 
months on the . Allegheny river, on a 
Government survey, and we had a taste of 
life in a " semi-roughing-it " manner. 

Our party of 6 men lived in a houseboat 
16 ft. x 9 ft., known, locally, as a " Joe 
boat." It was floated down stream by the 
current. 

We were on the shores all of every clear 
day, but in this boat we did our cooking, 
eating, sleeping, and, on rainy days, our 
office and draughting work. 

There are some very fine bass and pike 
in the river, though for 50 miles below Oil 
City, the waste from the oil refineries 
covers the surface of the river and the 
banks, and is having its effect in decreasing 
the number of fish. This flood of oil should 
be stopped. 



The scenery in the Allegheny valley is 
charming, in autumn. At that season you 
will find every possible tint on the foliage. 
The hills are high and abrupt, at Oil City, 
and gradually become lower and less 
rugged as one follows down the river. 

The 3 natural divisions passed through 
are instructive and interesting. First, at 
the upper end, is the oil region as previ- 
ously stated. Then begins the small 4 foot 
vein of bituminous coal, first found at the 
top of the hills. 

The strata of all this valley are nearly 
horizontal, having a slight dip to the South; 
so that this coal vein works down to within 
30 feet of the river, in the next 40 miles, and 
over-lapping this division commences the 
last, viz., that of natural gas. 

One can also see the grip of the " trusts " 
in their respective fields. The Standard 
Oil Company's pipe lines are like a net- 
work, and the Philadelphia and other gas 
companies' pipe lines are almost as thick; 
dictating the price and only market for the 
producers. 

There are many boating and fishing 
camps above Kittanning, that afford fresh 
air and good sport, during the summer, and 
during the fall the ruffed grouse can be 
heard drumming, the squirrels clattering, 
and the rabbits darting beneath the bushes 
in goodly numbers. There are few ducks in 
the coldest weather, and foxes a very few. 
These thickly wooded hills have felt but 
lightly the hand of civilization. 

On foot, carrying heavy instruments for 
over 100 miles, along those banks of brush 
and bowlder, gave us health and strength; 
and the wildness, together with the mode 
of living, proved that recreation, free from 
civilization, could be had in the Eastern 
State of Pennsylvania. Your magazine was 
forwarded to me every month and made 
life more enjoyable. C. N. 



" That was a lively hunt." said Murdock, 
as we were discussing some of our old ex- 
periences. It took place on Milk creek, 
Yakima Co. Murdock and I had discov- 
ered, the summer before, a small lake near 
the head of this creek, which was full of 
small brook trout, and which afforded us 
a fine camp ground. Our fire was not 20 
feet from the blue water of the little pool, 
and it was a case of out of the water into 
the frying pan when we caught a trout. 

At the time Murdock was speaking of 
we were making for this lake, and when 
about Y+ of a mile from it came out of a 
black pine thicket into a swampy opening 
in the timber. Near the other side, and in 
full view were 3 bear, 2 large ones and a 
cub. We were both off our horses in an 
instant and making it hot for the bears. 

I fired first at the old female, which was 
black, and Murdock took charge of the 



FROM THE GAME FIELDS. 



463 



other — a big cinnamon. About 6 shots 
were fired before the bear made the cover 
of the brush. My first had brought the old 
one to the ground but she was up just as 
quickly. We turned our dog loose and fol- 
lowed him after the bear into the thicket. 
He soon had one of the cripples at bay, 
and Murdock, being as tall as a fence rail, 
outstepped me and succeeded in getting the 
first shot at bruin's head which was badly 
disfigured by a 45-90 ball. 

The other 2 bears were not to be seen 
and all manner of coaxing would not in- 
duce the dog to leave the dead bear; so we 
went back after our horses which we found 
had scampered off when we had begun the 
firing. We soon secured them and started 
to the lake to camp. Once there we unsad- 
dled our horses and arranged camp. The 
next day we got another bear and in the 
evening lots of trout, from the lake. On 
the third day we returned home bearing 
our spoils. J. B. L., Clover, Wash. 



Why should New England shooters go 
so far from home when they can get good 
duck shooting on the Ipswich river and its 
tributaries? I have shot ducks and geese 
at Eagle Hill for the past 18 years and have 
had no trouble in making a good bag when 
the weather permitted. 

Eagle Hill is on Plumb Island river, cov- 
ers perhaps 5 acres, and is owned by A. B. 
Clarke of Peabody, Mass. It is also an ideal 
location for beach bird shooting. My 
largest bags of black ducks, for one day's 
shooting, are 18, 24 and 17. My total, in 
'96, was 277. This season is the poorest we 
have had for years, owing to not having 
plenty of heavy ice. 

Few sportsmen shoot ducks, from a boat 
of our model, which I claim is the best 
boat made for that purpose. Dimensions, 
13 feet over all; only 2 laps or streaks on 
each side; 12 feet on bottom, 20 inches 
wide at after knee, on bottom; 28 inches 
at stern, on top; 18 inches deep between 
middle knees sloped from the after knee 
on bottom 6 inches. The rest of the bot- 
tom, forward of the after knee, should be 
perfectly straight to stem. Rake on stem 
9 inches; plain, on lower streaks, 6 inches; 
top the same. Scull hole 3 l / 2 inches up 
from bottom, inside, and 4 inches from the 
left-hand side in the stern board. This 
hole must be 2 T / 2 inches in diameter; per- 
fectly round and lined with a salt-pork 
skin. This prevents all noises. There 
should be 2 paddles — only one to be used 
at any given time and the other to be held 
in reserve in case of accident. These pad- 
dles should be 6 feet long; small enough 
to use in the scull hole and leave plenty of 
room to swing the paddle. They must also 
be bent down on the handle, 3 inches, and 
about 12 inches from the end, so that the 



end of the paddle and your hands cannot 
be seen above the gunwale. 

To trim the boat put in ballast enough 
to draw 2 l /i inches on stern. When using 
in ice paint white; in summer brown, and 
trim with long grass. This boat will stand 
a lot of rough weather, if well handled, and 
will carry about 7 yards of sail, made in a 
sprit cut. T. C. W., West Lynn, Mass. 



Editor Recreation: Some of the stories 
of hair-breadth escapes, in Recreation, re- 
mind me of a bear story, told me by a 
young sportsman who went up in Minne- 
sota last fall, to hunt. 

The party consisted of Al. Leland and 3 
others. One day they started out for a bear 
hunt. They had a wagon and team and 
plenty of ammunition, in both solid and 
liquid forms, and they thought they would 
kill every bear in the country. 

Arriving at the hunting grounds, the 
boys tied the team to the rear end of the 
wagon and placed a stick in the hounds, to 
hold the pole up out of the mud while they 
went after bear. Al. thumped around to 
start up the bears and succeeded in starting 
one from under a stump, with bristles up 
and war paint on. 

Al. raised his trnsty Winchester and 
pumped 17 bullets into the beast; then 
threw down his gun and ran for the wagon 
4 nr.les distant. He ventured to look back, 
and Great Scott! there was the bear at his 
heels, with eyes dilated and mouth as wide 
open as a Minnesota saloon. Then Al. put 
his No. 8's down at the rate of a mile a 
minute and took another start for the 
wagon. By the time he reached it the bear 
came lumbering along, licking Al.'s heels at 
every jump. Putting on a double head of 
steam Al. made a trapeze leap for the front 
of the wagon and lit safe on the double- 
trees. Then he fainted. 

The bear was under such headway, and 
so excited he didn't see the wagon tongue 
until it had run clear through him. Then 
one of the boys ran a stick through that 
little " bizness " that holds the neck yoke 
on. Then they all got clubs and pounded 
the bear to death. It weighed " nigh on- 
to " 700 lbs. Max. 



Having just read an article in RECREA- 
TION about the game in the park I will 
give you some idea as to how the people 
of Gardiner and vicinity passed their time 
last fall and winter. As the snow was deep 
in the park the antelope came down and 
crossed the Gardiner river, at their old 
crossing, and got outside of the park, when 
a party of brave guides and hunters sur- 
rounded them and killed about 100 of them. 

Then the elk came out and something 
like 100 of these were also killed. 



464 



RECREATION. 



W. V. B. says he can stand in the streets 
of Gardiner and see coyotes kill antelope, 
but doesn't say he sees or hears of the 2 
legged coyotes killing elk, for their teeth 
and horns. 

I can show you where 9 elk lay dead at 
one time and nothing but their teeth had 
been taken. Some of these men have been 
caught killing elk in the park. George 
Scott and Will Decker are among this num- 
ber. They had killed 28 when caught. 

When you hear of antelope being killed 
by coyotes you can bet the most of the 
killers have but 2 legs. 

R. G. W., Horr, Mont. 



We were killing geese in the store one 
night (we generally have better luck there, 
than in the sound), when " Uncle Ben " 
dropped in. After listening to several more 
or less veracious accounts of big kills he 
gave us the following: 

" We wuz cummin along the edge of the 
ma'sh one evenin', in a cunnu — me and 
Tommy Dowdy — wen I heerd a goose 
honk. 

" Sez I, 'Tommy Dowdy there's geese.' In 
a little while I sez, ' Tommy Dowdy honk 
to 'em;' an' Tommy he honked. 

" Sez I, ' Tommy Dowdy them geese is a 
cummin; ' an' he says ' they is; ' but kep' a 
honkin. 

" I riz up, frens, and fired on them geese 
and shot out 7 dead with one shoot an' 6 
of 'em fell in the cunnu. 

" Frens, it's a kind of a hard yarn, but ef 
you don't believe me ax Tommy Dowdy." 
A. S. D., Coinjock, N. C. 



Last Friday night, during the storm, a 
flock of wild geese became bewildered at 
the electric lights on the Court House, 
here, and circled around them for over an 
hour, often passing within 20 feet of the 
building. Next day one lone goose, rest- 
ing and quietly swimming around in a 
muddy pool in the street, between the 
Court House and Boyer's drug store, ap- 
parently oblivious of its civilized surround- 
ings, afforded an interesting sight to hun- 
dreds of people passing by. The city mar- 
shal would not allow any one to shoot at 
it, and just at dusk it took flight, on its 
journey Northward. 

Doniphan, Neb., on the St. Joe and 
Grand Island Div. of the U. P. Ry., has 
been the mecca for goose shooters, on the 
Platte river, this spring, and the birds have 
been shot by hundreds. Some R. R. of- 
ficers, in a special car, remained there sev- 
eral days and all secured large bags of 
geese, brant and ducks. The Canada and 
Hutchins geese were especially plentiful. 
M. W. M., York, Neb. 



On their recent goat hunt, in Liard val- 
ley, Paradise valley, and along the South 
shoulders of the great snow mountain, John 
Huggins and Herbert Bashford shot so 
many bears, and brought back so much bear 
meat, that Fort Nisqualiy was overstocked 
with it. 

They mailed chunks to friends far and 
near, and gave a large lead to Dick Shovel- 
head, a near Nisqualiy neighbor, who was 
there before Columbus came. 

Dick has a primitive plant for making 
Nisqualiy bacon (smoked dog-salmon), and 
he put the bear meat through the usual 
pickling and smoking process. It came out 
the best bacon you ever satisfied a mountain 
appetite on. Its fine flavor was undoubtedly 
due to the huckleberry and hazelnut diet, 
and to unstinted draughts of pure soda 
water at Shortmire's springs. 

Puyallup (Wash.) " Commerce." 



Since the snow has begun to melt, and 
Winter's cap on the water disappears, the 
ducks are beginning to light on the bald 
spots of W T ashoe lake and Carson river, also 
in the sloughs. 

Where they come from is conjecture. 
Flocks of canvas-backs, a rare bird in these 
parts, are visiting us in large numbers. I am 
informed the}' feed on a plant that looks 
like cress, and tastes like wild celery. 

The open season closed April 1st, and 
the shooters were out in large numbers 
during March. They had good shooting. 

The grouse are coming down from their 
winter quarters in the pines, on the moun- 
tains, to feed on the spring buds. 

The trout season opens June 1st, and 
the lovers of that sport are busy looking 
over lines, rods, reels, and preparing for 
— mosquitoes. 

W. W. C, Carson City, Nev. 



While on a hunting trip, with C. C. Jones 
and John Lathan, Mr. Lathan and I started 
out from camp, went into a patch of dead 
timber and sat down on a log to listen for 
a bull elk to whistle. While waiting we saw 
a calf elk coming toward us, from the West. 
We went into the timber from the South 
and the calf was going to cross South of us, 
about 50 yards; but when he came to our 
trail he stopped short, turned and came 
toward us. Then he turned to the East 
again till he struck the trail when he 
stopped, as before; sniffed the bushes and 
then came toward us again. He passed 
within 30 feet of us, on our West; then 
turned East and went out of sight. 

We were in plain sight all the time but 
kept perfectly quiet and he did not notice 
us. Why is it that a little 3 month's old elk 
calf will not cross a man's trail in the 
woods? 



FROM THE GAME FIELDS. 



465 



If Mr. O. D. Wheeler ever gets in among 
a large bunch of cow and calf elk he will 
learn why they say elk whistle; although 
the old bull's trumpet doesn't sound much 
like a whistle. 

S. N. Leek, Jackson, Wyo. 



speaks up a tree. Many travelers and 
Northern visitors can testify as to Ped's 
prowess as a coon killer. 

J. T. W., St. Louis, Mo. 



An Eastern man who recently went to 
Southern Oregon blows his horn thus in a 
report to his home paper: 

" My desire for killing big game grows more and more. 
Let me tell you no man can come from the East and learn to 
hunt in a day. It takes a long time to learn how to pack ; 
where to find game, and then how to shoot it. A party from 
California had hunted 2 weeks— 6 of them— and o«ly got 8 
deer. We went by where they were camped. They said 
there was no game around there. 

"We went on, found grass for our horses, near by, and the 
next day I killed 8 deer. We stayed there 11 days and got 
52 deer. One day a doctor came and wanted to go out with 
me ; so the next morning I went to their camp at 3.30 and 
said : ' Are you ready ? ' He said he had not had any 
breakfast yet. I told him, ' Nor I ; come on.' We got 5 deer. 
I gave him the first shot at all of them, and he killed 2." 

The report comes that this Eastern 
butcher was murdered, by some native of 
the country where he was hunting. The 
settler probably killed him to save the 
game. If so, who blames the settler? 

Editor. 



We have a woman here who can out- 
shoot the most of us old hunters, at game, 
and she will hold her own with all of us in 
shooting at target. She uses a 40-65 Win- 
chester, half magazine, 86 model, and han- 
dles it easily and gracefully. 

She was out hunting 2 days last fall and 
got 3 white tail deer. She killed 2 and 
wounded the third, the first day, and went 
back the second day to get the cripple. 

She dresses and rides like a man. She 
walks 20 miles a day, on web snow shoes, 
without being any worse for the trip. Two 
years ago she killed a bull elk. If her hus- 
band was as keen a sportsman as she is 
they would spend all their time in the 
mountains; but game is pretty safe where 
he is. This woman can catch fish where 
the rest of us won't try. 

M. P. Dunham, Lyon, Mont. 



Away down in Newton, Mississippi, 
there lives an honest colored man named 
Ped Williams. He is the town butcher and 
is reliable as to his contracts and engage- 
ments. He is a famous coon and possum 
hunter, and has 2 coon dogs that have an 
entree to his fireside, with his 6 ebony hued 
chaps. Ped hunts with Jack and Hunter, 
his 2 dogs, as the coon hunters did in 
ante bellum days. With a pitch pine torch 
he leads the party down through the 
deep pineries into the creek bottoms, with 
ax on his shoulder. It takes a good walker 
to keep up with him when Jack or Hunter 



I hoped to have had a deer story to send 
you, for Recreation, but was disap- 
pointed. We had no tracking snow here 
until after the season closed. 

A few years ago deer were as scarce as 
hens' teeth, but of late they have been com- 
ing in here. We talked deer hunt all last 
summer yet I did not get my hunt. The 
man who was to take us wanted me to go 
and take the chances on jumping a deer; 
but I declined, so he went with 2 men 
who came over from Meadville and they 
got one deer. My friend Stanley says 
he can take me now and show me where at 
least 10 or 12 deer are staying. Only 3 or 4 
were shot last season so we expect a good 
hunt next fall. 

F. A. R., South Oil City, Pa. 



A writer in Recreation asks " What 
game is to be found about Red lake, 
Minn.?" I can say, from personal knowl- 
edge, that moose, caribou, deer, bear, lynx, 
fishes, marten, otter, porcupine (some peo- 
ple might not call the silver cat game), 
ruffed and sharp-tail grouse, spruce grouse 
and water-fowl, can all be found in that 
region. There are also white fish, wall eyed 
pike, pickerel, suckers, bullheads and Chip- 
pewa Indians. 

It must be remembered, however, that it 
is unlawful to kill moose and caribou un- 
til 1898; also that Red lake is Indian reser- 
vation, .except the North half of the North 
lake. 

There is a chance to visit Red lake by 
steamboat from Thief River falls. Some of 
the best hunting grounds are about the 
great marshes and lakes, to the N. W. of 
Red lake. 

E. L. B., Warren, Minn. 



I have been reading Recreation 18 
months and think it the best of its class. It 
.gives more information than any book 
printed, in the game line. 

Should like to be able to send you some 
game notes but am in a locality where the 
game hog has been, and ihe game had to 
give way. If the game laws are not en- 
forced, to the letter, game will be extinct 
everywhere in a few years. James Steph- 
ens, of whom you speak in your March 
number, for instance. Poor hog! Did any- 
one say hog? Yes; hog with eyes of the 
asp, brains of the ant, and hands dealing 
death strokes. I agree with you that his 
funeral should have been celebrated the 
same day, but before he had a chance at 
those 26 antelope. 

H. A. H., Goshen, Ind. 



466 



RECREA TION. 



Enclosed find answers to the three puz- 
zles in April number. 

I also deem it a privilege to enclose ioc. 
for Recreation's fresh air fund. This is a 
noble charity and will meet with the re- 
sponse it deserves, I am sure. 

The flight of geese, brant and ducks, to 
the North, so far, is hardly worth mention- 
ing — very unlike 10 years ago, when, at this 
season the air was alive with them. The 
game hog, and the market hunter, have in- 
deed been killing the bird that laid the 
golden egg, so far as their business, and 
the sport of others is concerned. I have 
heard but one defense of spring shooting, 
viz.: " Every one else does it; " and this is 
not true. 

M. B. C, Garner, la. 



*Walter and Frank Dexter killed 2 moose, 
a cow and a calf, one afternoon, being only 
3 hours absent from town. On the same 
day 2 other men struck it lucky in the 
Western part of the County. E. A. Bower 
and Peter Michael, an Indian, left Clyde at 
2 p.m., tramped io miles in the direction 
of Barrington, and in the woods known as 
the " Musquash country," killed 3 moose, 
and were back at Clyde at 8 o'clock the 
same evening. Hugh Williamson, of the 
Big Meadows, shot a fine moose near Blue 
Hill the same week. Joseph Warrington, 
of Birchtown, killed 2 good sized moose 
at that place, about half a mile from the 
road. 

Shelburne (Canada) " Budget." 



Frank Ailing, Tacoma, Wash., who is 
known all over the Northwest as a true 
friend of game birds, and a sportsman who 
takes more than usual interest in their 
propagation and care, recently received 2 
coops of oriental pheasants from Canton, 
China, and turned them out on Fox island. 

These make 92 pheasants Ailing has im- 
ported and turned loose on his Fox island 
preserve. It is the aim to stock Washing- 
ton forests with this prince of game birds, 
and he says if the legislature will only aid 
him in his work he will, in time, make that 
State a sportsmen's paradise. 



We have as fine fly fishing here as can be 
found in the country. We often land fish 
weighing up to 8, 9 and 10 pounds, and lots 
of them. The country is full of deer. No 
trouble to get one any time, and as for 
ducks and grouse we have them galore, all 
within 5 minutes' walk from home. Bear, 
cougar and wolves roam our forests in 
large numbers. 

A hunter caught a 2 year old bear, in a 
No. V/2 Newhouse trap the other day, 
which speaks well for the maker of the 



traps. I see they are advertised in Recrea- 
tion, which is a welcome guest in my den. 
I was deeply interested in Bert Cassidy's 
letter on " How My Wife got Her First 
Elk." I gloried in the little woman's spunk 
in having the bull elk to shoot at. 

F. C. McL., Cowichan Lake, B. C. 



Some 20 years ago 16 men were hunting 
deer in the Turny mountains, Centre Co., 
Pa., and U. S. (Uncle Sam — that's me) was 
one of the party. It was raining — a cold, 
dreary morning, and the boys were enjoy- 
ing themselves as best they could in the 
tents — most all in the large A tent. I was 
nearest the door. A small snake, probably 
warmed by our genial fire, came under the 
tent in front of me. I pulled my feet back 
to let him go by. The next man did the 
same. The snake made the full rounds of 
the tent and started out, when the darky 
cook saw him, and dispatched him. Hold- 
ing him up one of the boy said, " I thought 
that looked like a snake." All of us had 
seen it crawl around the tent, but never a 
word was said till then. Why? Well, you 
can guess. 

The sun came out by noon, and before 
night several nice bucks hung in camp. 

U. S., Ashland, Pa. 



I have taken other sportsmen's papers, 
but like Recreation better than any of 
them. Am especially interested in the ar- 
ticles on " Who makes the best gun." I 
use a " Parker " and am well satisfied with 
it. 

The way some people, better known as 
" game hogs," kill deer here is a shame. 
Recently the police of this city made a raid 
on a shed, where it was said deer were kept. 
They found 11 deer carcasses and the man 
who was in the shed, at the time of the 
raid, was taken to police headquarters. He 
was given a sentence of $440 fine, or 330 
days in jail. His partners were to shoot the 
deer and he was to dispose of them by ship- 
ping them to cities out of the State. I hope 
this will serve as a warning to others, who 
kill game indiscriminately, in season or 
out. W. W., Superior, Wis. 



The annual field trials of the Continental 
Field Trials Club will be held at Morris, 
Manitoba, Wednesday, Sept. 1, '97. In the 
Blue Ribbon Stake (Derby) for pointers 
and setters whelped on or after January 1, 
1896, entries close May 15, 1897. Purses, 
$125.00 to first, $100.00 to 2d, $75.00 to 3d, 
$50.00 to 4th. The trials will be run on 
Chickens and under the rules of the Con- 
tinental Field Trials Club. 

The all ages stake will be known as " The 
Excelsior Stake " (all aged) and will fol- 
low the above event. 



FROM THE GAME FIELDS. 



467 



When opportunity affords I always take 
a peep into every corner of your magazine. 
In so doing I find some things of which I 
approve and some otherwise; some things I 
understand and some I do not. Note on 
page 148 of your March issue a picture of 
a boy shooter, Master Tom Metcalfe, 
champion, etc. That picture reminds me 
of how often, we read of men — full grown 
men — who ought to know better, doing as 
this boy is doing. There is some excuse 
for a boy leaning on his gun, but none for 
a man. " Didn't know it was loaded," 
would be the proper epitaph for many a 
grave. Krittick, Leadville, Colo. 



Then, too, our winter was quite open — no 
heavy snows. C. H., Connorsville, Ind. 



I have read Recreation for about a year 
and have learned several things from it. I 
am much interested in guns and ammuni- 
tion. I always read those articles first, and 
would like to hear the opinion of some 
shooters about the Lyman sights for rifles. 

Deer and antelope are thick here, as are 
also wolves and coyotes. In the spring 
there are always plenty of ducks. 

Each year there are many bear and 
mountain lions killed in the hills near by. 
I always shoot with a rifle and get plenty 
of game, too. 

P. J. M., Maxwell City, N. M. 

I am very much interested in your maga- 
zine and have been a subscriber since 
March, 1896. My opinion of Recreation 
is that it is the best sportsmen's journal 
published, in this or any other country. 

Game is scarce here. At times we have a 
few ducks, geese and snipe. We have good 
bass fishing, in season. Rabbits and squir- 
rels are scarce. The game laws are strictly 
enforced but there are lots of pot-hunters, 
who would kill game out of season if they 
were not watched. 

G. W. M., Elizabeth, N. J. 



Large game was rather scarcer than 
usual in this part of the country, last win- 
ter, and very little hunting was done. 
Plenty of deer could be found high up the 
mountains, the snow not being deep enough 
to drive them down. Prairie chickens are 
plentiful all along the Okanogan river. No 
trouble at all for a good shot to get 15 or 
20 any morning. Also lots of grouse in 
the edge of the fir timber; but by most 
people they are not considered of good 
flavor when feeding on fir buds. 

J. B. L., Clover, Wash. 



J. L., of North Vernon, Ind., says our 
last Legislature passed a law prohibiting 
the killing of quails, in this State, for 2 
years. J. L. is in error. Such a bill passed 
one branch, but was killed in the other. I 
believe that in this county (Fayette) we 
shall have more quails next fall than for 
years past. But few were killed last season 
Qti account of the heavy growth of ragweed. 



A meeting of the Oil City (Pa.) Gun 
Club was recently held, when the follow- 
ing officers were elected: 

L. L. Graham, president. 

A. Smedley, vice president. 

H. C. Reeser, secretary. 

H. C. Dorworth, treasurer. 

Directors — F. S. Bates, C. T. McClin- 
tock, C. H. Lay, Jr. 

Arrangements were made for the Penn- 
sylvania Sportsmen's association shoot, 
which will take place under the auspices of 
this club June 22d, 23d, 24th and 25th, in- 
clusive. The railroads have offered to give 
special rates to Oil City, on these dates, 
and it is expected that 200 to 400 shooters 
will attend. 



A St. Louis despatch says: 

" Game Warden Henry has instructed ex-Judge Clai- 
borne to apply for warrants against 750 game-dealers and 
restaurant-keepers in this city, who, it is alleged, have 
violated the law by selling game during the close season. 
The managers of 10 of the principal restaurants and sev- 
eral game dealers have been selected to bear the brunt of the 
first prosecution. A similar prosecution in Illinois recendy 
cost one dealer $80,000." 

Good! I hope each of these 750 law 
breakers, in St. Louis, will be equally un- 
fortunate. I hope no one of them will have 
money enough left to buy a beef steak when 
he gets out of court. Editor. 



A meeting was held here, in March last, 
for the purpose of forming a gun club. Dr. 
S. D. Woods 'was elected temporary chair- 
man and the Connellsville Gun Club was 
formed. The following officers were 
elected: President, Dr. J. C. Irwin; Secre- 
tary, P. H. Pendleton; Treasurer, George 
Balsley. The club starts off with 10 charter 
members, with good prospects of increas- 
ing the membership to 20 or more. 

P. H. P., Connellsville, Pa. 



We had good quail and rabbit shooting 
last fall. The open season for quail shoot- 
ing is October and November. I had fine 
sport November 18th, with my dog and 
gun, killing 13 quails and 4 rabbits. On 
November 26th I killed 10 quails and 3 
rabbits, and killed several rabbits later in 
the winter. I shoot a 12 gauge Parker 
hammerless gun, Sy 2 lbs., and it <1<> ( -; fine 
work. I use 2>Va drams Dupont smokeless 
powder and 1% oz. No. 7 shot. 

W. M., Woodson, 111. 



The hunting is rather poor around here. 
Fish and game protector Pomeroy, of Erie 
Co., was after 4 hunters, for shipping birds 
out of the county. He got 3 of the men, 2 
of whom settled for about $30. The other 
would not settle, but is going to stand trial. 
Sympathy is mostly with the hunters, but I 
am not. F. E. L., Brocton, N. Y. 



FISH AND FISHING. 



FASTIDIOUS OUANANICHE. 

F. G. NELSON. 

A curious instance of the fastidiousness of 
ouananiche was noticed last June, during 
our annual visit to the Grand Discharge of 
Lake St. John. We were all well supplied 
with different sizes of the favorite flies, jock 
scott, silver doctor, cowdung, brown hackle 
and professor; but Lyme had an extra pair 
of silver doctors, differing slightly in ap- 
pearance from his others, and from ours, 
which he had bought at Springfield just 
before starting on the trip. During the 
early part of our first day's fishing he no- 
ticed that one of these 2 silver doctors was 
taking all of his ouananiche, so he put on 
the other, also, in place of the brown hackle 
at the end of his leader. His success was 
constant. He fished with us, away from us 
and all around us. He traded places with 
us; he did everything but trade flies. 

Along toward the middle of the after- 
noon, when he had 35 ouananiche, running 
from 34 to 3 pounds each, and we but 8 be- 
tween us, a good sized fish took one of his 
silver doctors and made a rush straight out 
toward the middle of the river. 

Lyme had about 6 feet of slack line drawn 
off the reel which he held in his left hand, 
and when this was taken out by the ouanan- 
iche, and the line began to render directly 
from the reel, the handle thereof caught in 
the cuff of his sleeve and before it could be 
disengaged the line was snapped just above 
the leader. The loss of those 2 flies ended 
the fish catching for that day, for, although 
he immediately put on another leader and 
tried other silver doctors, and then nearly 
every fly in his book, neither he nor we 
caught another fish. 

The season of 1896 appeared to be. later 
than those of preceding years. The water 
did not seem higher, although it was said 
to be so; but the fish were nowhere nearly 
so plentiful as in former Junes, and when 
hooked were comparatively sluggish in 
their movements. In the 2 previous years 
the best fishing in the Grand Discharge was 
synchronous with the appearance of count- 
less numbers of a slender brown fly, with 
gauzy wings, reaching 2 inches in length, 
which swarmed around the Island House 
after dark, creeping and crawling every- 
where. Up to June 22d, in 1896, these flies 
had not appeared, and, possibly for the 
same reason, whatever it may have been, 
the ouananiche also were scarce. 

Inasmuch as nobody wishes to make the 
trip to Lake St. John and find himself too 
early or too late for the best fishing, let me 
sugsrest that intending fishermen write to 
T. Kenna, Manager of Hotel Roberval, or 



A. J. Ritchie, Manager of the Island House, 
about the first of June, and ask to be noti- 
fied, promptly, when the ouananiche begin 
rising freely to the fly, in the Grand Dis- 
charge. 

On our way up there, from Springfield, 
Mass., via Boston and Maine and Grand 
Trunk roads, to Quebec, and thence North 
via. Q. & L. St. J. Ry., we stayed 3 days at 
Landlord Rowley's Laurentide House, at 
Lake Edward, spending part of the time at 
a camp which he maintained 10 miles down 
the lake. We caught, with bait, large brook 
trout weighing s l A 'pounds or less, and 
smaller ones with the fly, in the headwaters 
of the Batiscan river. The black flies and 
mosquitoes were numerous and attentive, 
but they are said to disappear in midsum- 
mer, while the fishing stays good all 
through the season. Verbum sap. 



STATE FISH COMMISSIONERS. 

Most of the States of the Union have at- 
tempted to provide for the protection of the 
game and fish within their borders, by the 
enactment of fish and game laws and the 
appointment of Fish and Game Commis- 
sioners. 

The attention given to the matter has 
varied with the importance of the game, 
fishing and fisheries interests, and with the 
intelligence of the legislatures in the dif- 
ferent States. 

The amounts appropriated, annually, for 
carrying out the provisions of the laws 
vary from nothing, or from $300 to $800, 
as in Indiana and Georgia, to $50,000, as in 
New York. In some States, as New York, 
Michigan, and California, a vast amount of 
good has been accomplished; while in 
others, scarcely less important in their fish- 
ing and fishery interests, no good has been 
done. 

The differences in the results attained, in 
the different States, are not wholly due to 
larger appropriations in some States than 
in others. They are due in no small de- 
gree to the fitness or unfitness, for the 
work, possessed by the different Commis- 
sioners. 

This brings me to the question: What 
constitutes fitness for the position of State 
Fish Commissioner? To answer this ques- 
tion it will be helpful to consider, briefly, 
the proper and legitimate purposes of a 
State Fish Commission. 

Manifestly, the primary object of a State 
Fish Commission should be to maintain, at 
the maximum possible limit, the supply of 
food and game fishes of the State. This is 
by no means a simple nor an easy matter. 



468 



FISH AND FISHING. 



469 



The relations and inter-relations of the dif- 
ferent species of fishes, plants, and other 
animals, inhabiting any given stream or 
lake, are complicated in the extreme. In a 
state of nature any given body of water, as 
a lake, will be able to support only a certain 
maximum number of individuals of each 
species of animal and plant inhabiting it. 
Unless some agent come in as a factor, 
from the outside, and disturb the existing 
relations, the balance of forces will be 
maintained and the number of individuals 
of each species will remain approximately 
constant. Just as many individuals of each 
species will be eaten up, destroyed, or die 
a natural death, each year, as are born in 
the lake each year. 

This, of course, requires that every adult 
animal and plant must die so soon as it has 
succeeded in leaving one of its kind in its 
place. It must live that long; it cannot live 
longer. The " balance of nature " can be 
maintained in no other way. The killing 
off of a larger number of individuals, of any 
particular species, destroys this balance; 
and when a state of stable equilibrium is 
again secured we find that certain species 
are less abundant than they were before; 
while others have become more numerous. 

It is only the trained biologist — the man 
who has made a careful study of questions 
concerning the life relationships of animals 
and plants, adaptation to environment, 
geographic distribution, and the life his- 
tories of the various forms, who has any 
clear conception of what the results of such 
a disturbance will be. 

Many good people think that to have 
plenty of fish in our streams and lakes it is 
only necessary to stop " illegal fishing." 
The poor violator may be catching nothing 
but bullheads or suckers; nevertheless, he 
is fined and his seines are destroyed. This, 
under the law, may be perfectly proper; but 
the conclusion that by so doing the im- 
portant food and game fishes are being pro- 
tected does not follow, by any means. Just 
the opposite result may follow. 

The competent State Fish Commissioner 
will be able to consider these various ques- 
tions in an intelligent and rational w.ay. 
He will know not only how to punish of- 
fenders but he will also know what will be 
detrimental and what beneficial to the 
fishery and angling interests of his State. 
He will know a big-mouthed black bass 
from a small-mouthed black bass — a bit of 
information not possessed by all State Fish 
Commissioners in the upper Mississippi 
Valley, as shown by their illustrated official 
reports. He will be sufficiently trained as 
a zoologist to be able to identify not only 
the food and game fishes, but the other 
species of fishes which serve them as food. 
He must be a man of some scientific attain- 
ments, and should know something of fish- 
culture. 

Recently I had occasion to criticise the 



appointment, by Governor Mount, of In- 
diana, of Rev. Mr. Sweeney to the position 
of Fish Commissioner of that State. I 
have received a letter from one of my 
friends protesting against what, to him, 
seems an unjust criticism. That his ideas 
of what constitutes fitness for the duties of 
State Fish Commissioner are not my ideas 
is evident from the 7 reasons which he gives 
in justification of the appointment. They 
are as follows: 

1. Mr. Sweeney is a splendid fly fisher. 

2. He is an educated gentleman. 

3. He is a man of easy fortune, and did 
not want the office for " what there is in it." 

4. He is an author and a minister of the 
Gospel. 

5. He is a " splendid fellow." 

6. He was Consul in Constantinople, and 
resigned because he wished to. 

7. He took this office to protect the bass 
in our lakes and rivers. 

I frankly and freely admit each and every 
one of these 7 propositions, yet in my judg- 
ment these good qualities do not at all fit 
Mr. Sweeney for the important office of 
State Fish Commissioner. Must a man be 
a " splendid fly fisher," " of easy fortune," 
"an author and a minister of the Gospel," 
and a " good fellow " to fill this position? 
Seth Green and Professor Baird were not 
measured by any of these standards, yet 
they were model fish commissioners. 

For Mr. Sweeney, personally, I have the 
highest regard; but I fail to find any evi- 
dence, even among the claims of those who 
approve the appointment, that it was a wise 
one. The duties of a State Fish Commis- 
sioner are such as require special, technical 
training, and I do not believe appointments 
should be made for any other reason. 



So long as others tell of their trips in the 
woods and along the streams, so long shall 
I enjoy reading Recreation. The pictures 
these writers have drawn, only help me in 
my enjoyment, as memory hurries each 
year's trip over my mind's canvas. 

Years of fishing in the St. Lawrence; 
other years in the great woods of Northern 
New York and others to Champlain, all 
have left their charming memories. 

On our last trip to Champlain the party 
was made up of mothers and children; old 
and young; some with hair of gray among 
the brown; others with their flowing, flax- 
en curls and locks; others with neither 
locks nor curls. 

We went on the 7 a.m. train North from 
Albany, and in due time arrived at Pitts- 
burgh where the men and boys did their 
best at carrying bundles down to the boat. 
Then some of us went to see our boys at 
the barracks. Soon all the bundles were in 
a heap on the cool upper deck of the Maq- 
uam. She pointed her nose East and we 
were off again. 



47° 



RECREA TION. 



After a grand sail of 28 miles we threw 
a line and it was caught by John Parker, 
our host. All our paper bags and other 
things were deposited on the lawn which 
slopes from his neat and commodious house, 
down to the clear waters of Champlain. 
What a time we had! What a place to 
go! What fish we caught, and what big 
ones got away! How the linen got 
splashed! How the crimps got wet! How 
the freckles grew! How the tan came on! 

No one loves fishing better than I, in my 
declining years. Oh, that I had begun 
earlier in life! I do love to go fishing with 
a lot of ladies. Isn't it strange how they 
dislike worms? Theirs is not the kind of 
clinging feeling they hanker after; so we 
" boys " are called on to do the impaling 
act. 

Those of your readers who are looking 
for good bass fishing should go to Parker's, 
in the first week of September. 

We had a grand time .there, and if the 
mills run we shall go again. Next time we 
intend to take a camera. 

45-90. Syracuse, N. Y. 



Here are directions for cleaning and 
cooking bony fishes which I am sure will 
be appreciated by all anglers who are not 
already familiar with this method. 




First take a sharp knife and cut, as per 
diagram, through the flesh to the ribs, but 
do not sever them. Then thrust in the 
knife at A and just to one side of the back 
bone. Cut the flesh from the skeleton, be- 
ing careful to keep outside of the ribs, till 
you come to B, when you push the knife 
clear down through, as shown in diagram 
2. Then slide along the back bone to the 
tail, C. 




Now turn the fish over and treat the 
other side in the same manner, when you 
will have all the edible flesh, from the 
smallest fish, with scarcely a bone in it. 
The slices cut thus may be broiled crisp 
and brown, so that the few small bones 
remaining may be eaten with impunity. 
S. W. B., Ann Arbor, Mich. 



The salmon season at Bangor pool 
opened April 3d. The wet weather, in the 
early part of the month, was unsuitable for 
fly fishing; consequently the sportsmen 
have not visited the pool. Following is a 
list of sea salmon caught in the pool in 4 
days: 

April 3 — 1 salmon, weight, 14^4 lbs. 

April 4 — 2 " " 15 and 16 lbs. 

April 5—1 " " 14^ lbs. 

April 7— 2 " " 17 and 16^2 lbs. 

The pool is within the city limits, about 
one mile from the post office, and is one 
of the most famous in the country. It is 
being frequented by sportsmen, not only 
from different parts of Maine but from 
other States. With the approach of warm 
weather the salmon commence to run up 
the river, in abundance, and are much 
larger than the first, weighing up to 32 
pounds. This, however, is an exceptional 
weight, for the fish average about 18 or 20 
pounds. The fish mentioned above were 
caught by professional market fishermen 
and were sold at $1.25 a pound. 



My letter in February Recreation seems 
to have displeased a certain resident of 
Traverse City, Mich. If " F. D. C." has 
fished every trout stream within 100 miles 
of Petoskey, he is a lucky man. 

Of course every stream does not contain 
trout weighing 2 pounds, but there are 
streams that do; and they are not scarce 
either. 

Any man who knows anything about fish- 
ing, will tell you that trout will drive gray- 
ling from a stream, in time, but it takes a 
considerable number of years for them to 
do it. In the meantime there are both gray- 
ling and trout in the same stream. I may 
also add that the average grayling will 
weigh more than the average trout. The 
small grayling do not seem to be taken as 
frequently as the small trout. 

I know of the capture of 2 grayling which 
weighed but a few ounces under 3 pounds 
each. 

I think there are numerous anglers in 
Northern Michigan who will agree with me 
when I say that my mere statement of facts 
should not be called " exaggerations." 

W. G. E., Petoskey, Mich. 



This makes 27 subscriptions I have sent 
you, and I have never gone out for one of 
them. G. S. W., Scrubgrass, Pa, 



FISH AND FISHING. 



47i 



Editor Recreation: I heartily con- 
gratulate you on the noble work you are 
doing for game and fish protection. I am 
sure it will please you to know that another 
of these out of season fishermen has been 
brought to justice. The brooks here are 
almost fished out and for that reason a few 
of them are posted. 

This man whom I speak of was found 
fishing in a posted brook, a week before the 
law went off. He had not noticed the signs; 
nor had he had a bite. That is to say, by 
his own confession; but when they came 
to search him they found his pockets filled 
with trout. 

This same man was last spring suspected 
of catching trout in nets; but nothing was 
done with him. Now that he is caught, 
fair and square, he deserves the full penalty 
of law, and I hope will get it. 

P. K. R., Washington, Conn. 



A press despatch from Ashland, Wis., 
dated March 25th says: 

Sportsmen all over the country will regret to learn that 
loggers have invaded the Brule river, as thi3 may destroy 
the most famous trout fishing stream in the United States. 

Crews of men were sent to Brule to-day and will start 
driving logs from Wild Cat rapids to Lake Superior, 20 
miles distant. Logs have never before been driven in the 
Brule river. Expensive clubhouses, owned by men in St. 
Paul, Minneapolis, and Ashland, including ex-Mayor 
O'Brien of St. Paul and Senator Vilas, line the stream. The 
owners of these places protest against the proposed log 
driving, as it will ruin the trout fishing. 

In these clubhouses such prominent men as Secretary 
Harrity, of the national democratic committee, ex-Secretary 
Noble, ex-Secretary Rusk and other prominent men have 
spent their summer vacations. An effort will be made to 
stop the work. 

It is a great pity that not a nook nor a 
corner of the earth can be exempt from the 
greed of lumbermen, save where the strong 
arm of the government is raised to protect 
the forests. Editor. 



The first general bait rod casting tourna- 
ment ever held in the United States took 
place recently, at Liberty Island, under the 
auspices of the Liberty Island Rod and Gun 
Club. E. H. Merritt won the gold medal in 
Class A, and James Reithel won the silver 
medal. Merritt's average was 127.1 feet, 
Reithel's 120.2. The casting was in sea coast 
style, with 3 ounce sinkers. 

In class B, New York Bay style, W. S. 
Birdsall won, with' an average of 73-2. A 
one ounce sinker was used in this match. 
Other prizes were won by A. H. Bear and 
others. W. H. Wood and A. F. Meissel- 
bach were the judges^ W. C. Harris, ref- 
eree. 

Reithel made the best cast of the day, 
224-9^4. The best record, 246, is therefore 
unbroken. 



Wyoming Co., Pa., will furnish bait, boats, 
etc., to his customers, free of charge. Bass, 
pickerel, and wall eyed pike are plentiful in 
the Susquehanna river, 100 yards from his 
house. Last August E. M. Yerger and I, 
both entire strangers to Mr. Champion, 
caught 68 bass, 4 pickerel and one pike — 
weight n^4 pounds — in 2 days. The largest 
bass weighed 4 pounds 2 ounces; smallest 
J /2 pound. Hotel rate $1.25 a day; excellent 
board. We shall go there often. 

I am highly pleased with Recreation, 
and shall remain on your subscription list 
permanently.* W. L. F., Easton, Pa. 



Will you kindly publish an article in 
Recreation on fly fishing for beginners, or 
submit this for the opinions of your read- 
ers. How in the name of Isaac Walton are 
the uninitiated to know what are the proper 
flies to use, in the different seasons and lo- 
calities, with over 100 varieties to select 
from? Some information on the above 
would be appreciated by many of your 
readers. L. E. K., West Fairview, Pa. 



Recreation beats every other book, all 
hollow. I shall keep on taking it as long 
as we both live. 

I am near 2 big lakes. Our town is called 
" Waterville " because there is so much 
water near it. My mother caught a 13^2 
pound pike last fall, and many good ones 
are caught here every season. 

D. B., Waterville, Minn. 



Great sport is afforded anglers, at present, 
catching the small white fish that make 
their annual run up the Okanogan river, at 
this time of year. These are beautiful fish, 
of a light silvery color, about 12 inches in 
length and averaging ]/ 2 to 3 pounds. They 
bite at salmon eggs readily and are quite 
gamey when taken. 

J. B. L., Clover, Wash. 

Anyone wishing some good bass fishing 
can get it by calling on W. H. French or 
L. D. Mills of this place. Good sport here 
in this line. 

M. B., Conway Centre, N. H. 



The waters in this vicinity are protected 
from net fishing and abound in muskalonge, 
black bass, and pickerel. We have good 
boat liveries and guides, and I should be 
glad to give any information brother sports- 
men may desire. 

L. H. Dodge, Cape Vincent, N. Y. 



It may benefit readers of Recreation to 
learn that Leonard Champion, Mahoopany, 



State Fish Commissioner Z. T. Sweeney, of Columbus, 
was in the city Monday. He says he is engaged in calling 
down the mill owners who have dammed streams and failed 
to construct fish ladders. Mr. Sweeney says he believes 
the strict enforcement of this law will afford at least a partial 
solution of the problem of fish protection.— Franklin (Ind.) 
"Star." 



GUNS AND AMMUNITION. 



THE 30-30-160 SMOKELESS. 

W. E. CARLIN (CHELAN). 

In a former paper I outlined some 
shooting incidents, showing the excellent 
killing powers of the 30-40 smokeless car- 
tridge. That its more moderate power 
companion cartridge, the 30-30, is also ef- 
fective on big game is evident from the 
many reports from the game fields, which 
my own experience may help to confirm. 

A friend and I were climbing a broken 
side hill one morning, and after a straight 
pull of some 1,500 feet, sat down on a rock, 
to smoke a pipe and to discuss the situation, 
which we did in too loud tones. Our 
conversation was interrupted by the rattling 
of a dislodged piece of slide rock above us. 
Glancing up, I saw a small goat disappear- 
ing around a point of rook, some 75 yards 
away. Jumping to our feet we made for a 
point from which we could command a bet- 
ter view, and in so doing disturbed 3 more 
goats. These ran out on a ledge, 50 feet 
above us, and looked over to learn the cause 
of the disturbance. My friend, who had 
never killed a goat, shot at the largest one, 
and killed it so dead it did not even 
struggle sufficiently to fall over the ledge, 
although its head and one fore leg hung 
over. This goat was shot with a 30-30 
Marlin rifle, using the U. M. C. flat-pointed 
full-jacketed bullet. The ball struck the 
goat fairly in the brisket, smashing the bone 
and making a hole in the lights that you 
could put your hand into; while the large 
arteries at the top of the heart were torn 
to pieces. The bullet made its exit beside 
the backbone, tearing a 2 inch hole, and cut- 
ting away a tuft of white hair, that was 
borne slowly along the mountain side by 
the breeze. 

My next experience, with the 30-30, takes 
me to the high meadow country lying East 
of Elk Summit. Wright and I had walked 
over to some lakes, the larger of which I 
named Lake Jeannette. It is a beautiful 
sheet of water and we regretted not having 
taken a camera with us. We determined to 
return and photograph it, which we did 2 
days later. Mrs. Carlin, Wright and I were 
riding through a vast meadow, where the 
red top grass came half way up the horses' 
sides, when I saw a movement among the 
small trees, on the side hill to our right. A 
moment later a young bull moose stepped 
out and walked rapidly across our front, 
without apparently noticing us. 

Slipping from my saddle I drew my rifle 
— a 30 Winchester, model 94-— from its boot; 
but while the moose was clearly visible fromV 
the horse's back, he appeared indistinct, 
through the brush, now that I was on the 



ground. He had come to a stop and was 
listening. Firing at the only visible part, 
I missed him. He turned and made several 
steps toward us, exposing his right shoul- 
der, diagonally, which I fired at. He turned 
and walked unconcernedly from us. I fired 
again, at his flank, and again at his neck, as 
he walked majestically away. So far he 
had not flinched nor given the slightest* 
sign that he was hit and I started after him, 
shoving in a cartridge as I went. He had 
gone perhaps 30 yards when he stumbled 
and fell, stone dead! The second bullet had 
entered back of the shoulder, breaking a 
rib, passing through the lights, leaving a 3 
inch hole, and had lodged under the skin 
on the opposite side. The 3d shot had 
passed through him sideways, smashing his 
liver to a pulp and making a 2 inch hole 
where the bullet went out. The last shot, 
fired at his neck as he walked away, had 
merely cut a gash in his withers. 

The killing of the moose was especially 
fortunate as we had been out of meat for 
some time. We had had little time to hunt 
and had seen nothing but does. Of course 
as soon as we had meat in camp we saw 
plenty of game. We shot nothing more, 
however, until we reached the cedars, where 
Mrs. Carlin killed a deer. As you wished 
some salmon skins, we moved down about 
8 miles, to where we had seen salmon. 
Near-by was a lick, but nothing but cow elk 
and does seemed to be using it, and they 
came only at dusk, or after dark. 

On the third evening I suggested to Mrs. 
Carlin that she kill something, as we need- 
ed meat to last us out of the country. 
The next animal that came down, happened 
to be a barren white tail doe, which, as the 
shadows grew long, and the light dim, 
stood some 60 yards from us, with her 
shoulders hidden behind a tree. Mrs. Car- 
lin shot at the exposed portion, and as the 
white flag waved among the trees we said 
it was a* clean miss. She was certain, how- 
ever, she had held well; so Wright fol- 
lowed its track. He found blood and soon 
came on the deer, lying dead at about 150 
yards. 

The bullet — a 30 caliber soft nose Win- 
chester — had passed through the small in- 
testines, cutting them all to pieces. All 
hunters have, no doubt, seen deer shot in 
the same place which were never gotten at 
all, or at best only after a long chase. I re- 
member once, some 10 years ago, when on 
one hunt 11 deer were shot, too far back 
or too low down, by soldiers using the 45- 
70-500, and not one of these was saved at 
the time, though several were found dead, 
later. 

The fourth animal killed with the 30-30 
was a good sized black tail buck. We were 



472 



GUNS AND AMMUNITION. 



473 



travelling down Bear creek, and were anx- 
ious to lay in a supply of meat before reach- 
ing the Clearwater. I was driving the rear 
horses of the pack train when I heard a 
shot, and saw Wright, who led, hurrying 
forward. He said he had fired at a mule 
deer that was making off through the brush. 

We had taken in 4 little fox terriers, 
thinking to use them on bear, if we found 
any. At the shot, off went the quartette on 
the trail of the deer. We followed, and on 
nearing the scene of an evident combat, we 
walked carefully, and came upon the dogs 
and deer, on a little open flat. The buck 
was on his knees, 2 of the terriers having 
him by the ear and the jaw and 2 hanging 
to either hind leg. Right here I saw the 
folly of not carrying a small camera that 
could always be at hand and ready for use. 
Not wishing to delay the pack train to get 
out the big camera I shot from where we 
stood, behind the deer. The bullet entered 
between the hams and, ranging upward, 
lodged beside his backbone, killing him in- 
stantly. 

Wright's shot was a good one. The 45- 
70-405 bullet had entered the flank, and had 
gone quartering through, smashing the 
right shoulder bone; yet the deer had gone 
a good half mile before the dogs brought 
him to bay. 






THE 40-82 FOR BIG GAME. 

COWANSVILLE, P. Q. 

Editor Recreation: I have read the 
opinions of your various correspondents, 
with deep interest, and hope to read of the 
actual experience of many other lovers of 
the rifle and shot gun, in your columns. 

I notice the various comments as to the 
killing power of the 30-30. I have used a 
great many rifles, and was on the point of 
ordering a 30-30, when I received some 
metal-patched bullets from the Winchester 
R. A. Co., for my 40-82. I got 100 full- 
patched and 100 soft nosed bullets, in or<,ler 
to give them a thorough trial. 

They seem to fill the bill completely. My 
object in ordering them was this: I load 
my own cartridges, and as I use a very 
strong powder (Hamilton Powder Co's. 
" Caribou " No. 4), my rifle leaded badly. I 
tried many alloys, but none of them was 
entirely satisfactory; though I found a pro- 
portion of 1 part tin to 12 lead gave the best 
results. These bullets, however, were not 
always accurate, and when used on game 
did altogether too much smashing. 

Last fall I went to Megantic for a deer 
hunt, and took the 40-82, with the cartridges 
loaded as follows: 82 grs. No. 4 " Caribou " 
and split bullets, 1 to 12. 

The weather was bad, but I shot one deer. 
It was running broadside to me and I fired 
twice, in less time than one could wink. 



The 1st bullet passed through the body just 
behind the shoulder. It broke a rib on en- 
tering, tore the heart to pieces, and made 
a square hole about 1^2 inches in diameter 
on coming out. It came out in 3 pieces and 
smashed 2 more ribs. The 2d shot went 
through the lower part of the neck, and was" 
almost a miss; owing to the stumbling of 
the deer, at the first shot, and to my bad 
holding. 

The ritw full metal-patched bullet goes 
through about 20 inches of pine. The other 
day I shot one through 12 inches of dry 
hemlock and 3 inches of green maple 
(frozen). The soft-point bullets have more 
penetration than my split bullets, but mush- 
room quite enough to suit me. They pene- 
trate from 9 to 10 inches of soft pine. 




TARGET— EXACT SIZE. 

I send you 2 of these bullets. As regards 
accuracy they are perfect. I also send you 
a target, made on a cold, windy day (March 

13, '97). 

The first 2 shots are all right; but the 
third is — well — blame the wind, or my cold 
hands. L. D. von I. 



Will you kindly tell me why shot gun 
nitro powder cannot be used in brass shells? 
Also why shot gun nitro powder will not 
work well in a rifle that is built for rifle 
nitro? J. J. S. 

I referred this question to the DuPont 
Powder Co., Wilmington, Del., who reply 
as follows: 

" The reason brass shells are not suitable 
for nitro powder is because there is no 
method of crimping the shell; a crimp be- 



474 



RECREA TION. 



ing necessary on nitro powder, in order to 
hold back the shot, an instant of time, so 
that full combustion may take place in the 
nitro powder charge. 

" The reason shot gun nitro powder will 
not work well in a rifle is because shot 
gun nitro is made quicker than rifle nitro 
powder. Consequently, if shot gun nitro 
powder be placed in a rifle, the pressures 
would be entirely too high. 

" To show you how much lower the pres- 
sures are in a shot gun, than in a rifle, we 
would state for instance, with respect to old 
black powder: If this grade of powder is 
fired in a shot gun a pressure will result of 
about 5,000 or 6,000 pounds; while if the same 
powder be fired in a rifle, the pressure will 
be anywhere from 25,000 to 30,000 pounds. 
You can readily see, therefore, that if a 
powder is made quick enough to be used in 
a shot gun, it will give an exceedingly high 
pressure if used in a rifle. Under these cir- 
cumstances, nitro rifle powders have to be 
made especially for the work which they are 
required to do." 



Buffalo, N. Y. 
Editor Recreation: In your March 
number G. E. S. complains of 11 gauge 
wads swelling paper 
shells. This is a com- 
mon complaint and can 
be avoided, if a loader, 
as shown in the en- 
closed sketch, be used. 
This sketch will give 
the idea, from which 
any machinist can 
make the tool. Use a 
heavy piece of low- 
grade steel. Have the 
inside as smooth as 
possible. The shells 
should fit so close that 
the larger ones will 
just enter the churn 
with light pressure. If 
you use a finely fitted 
loader you will find a 
slight variation in 
shells. 

The shoulder should 
be made very carefully, 
shaped exactly a s 
shown and should be 
barely deep enough to 
cover thickness of 
paper. The taper, from 
this shoulder to point 
where rounded, should 
be about as shown. 
A large wad in this 
taper is reduced to 
exactly the inside diameter of shell and 
will not swell the shell a particle. The ram- 



i 



IMPROVED LOADER. 



mer should be made of steel also, and fitted 
closely. The end should be cut off square 
and the edges only rounded off enough so 
as not to cut. The length of churn should 
be such that a 2^ in. shell will project 
about -U inch. Any length shell can be 
loaded by using a little care. 

As a sample of the efficiency of such a 
loader I send, under separate cover, a 12 
gauge " Nitro " shell, . in which are 3, 9 
guage Y% inch wads, and one 11 guage, *4 
inch black edge. You will fail to discover 
any swelling of shell.* 

All wads are set exactly level with this 
tool. This loader will cost about $3.00, as it 
requires a good mechanic and plenty of 
time and care to make a good job. It can- 
not be used for reloading. 

11 Gauge. 



Brimfield, Mass. 

Editor Recreation: J. V., asks for the 
opinion of some of the small bore " cranks ." 
as to the best rifle for shooting the 22 short 
and long cartridge. I recommend the Mar- 
lin for accuracy, style and workmanship, 
and am glad to see it advertised in Rec- 
reation. I have a Marlin repeater, model 
'92, 2> 2 calibre, both centre and rim fire, 
fitted with Lyman combination front and 
rear sights, and it is the most accurate 
shooting rifle I ever saw. I can drive nails 
with it at 25 yds., and at 60 yds. can hit a 
i]/ 2 inch bull's eye nearly every time. I load 
my own shells, with a set of Ideal reloading 
tools, which are as near perfect as any tools 
can be. 

If any one wants an accurate rifle, let him 
get a Marlin repeater, fitted with Lyman 
sights, and he will have a rifle that will 
make him happy. For very close shooting, 
I clean the rifle after each shot, with a 
clean woolen cloth. 

I have tried the square point, 32 calibre 
cartridge that O. J. B. speaks of, and am 
convinced the killing power is very much 
increased by cutting off the end of the bul- 
let. The penetration is not so great, but I 
think the shock, to whatever the ball hits, 
is greater, and it makes a hole the size of a 
38 calibre conical bullet. 

The April number of Recreation is very 
interesting, and I believe it is the besr one 
yet. This magazine grows better every 
month, and I am doing all I can to increase 
its circulation about here. 

F. E. B. 



Creswell, Ore. 
Editor Recreation: R. D. K.. in a re- 
cent number of Recreation, favors the use 
of the old Winchester rifle, model 66-44 
calibre, rim fire, 28 gr. powder, 200 gr. lead. 

* Shell received, is loaded as above stated, and is not 
swollen a particle. — Editor. 



GUNS AND AMMUNITION. 



475 



This gun is so nearly obsolete, in the West, 
that one is rarely seen. One of the best 
hunters I ever knew used a gun of this 
model for several years, but discarded it 
because, as he said, it would not bleed a 
deer. This seems the principal objection 
advanced by those who do not favor the 
use of any of the smaller calibres. 

M. Fenwick, of this State, who is a skilful 
hunter of big game, and who is said to be 
the best running shot in the State, nearly 
always uses a gun of 45 calibre. He admits 
that the rifles of smaller calibre are more 
accurate; but thinks more game can be se- 
cured by using a repeating rifle of large 
calibre. 

B. D. Pane, Eugene, Ore., a fine shot 
and a successful hunter, says the Winches- 
ter or the Marlin rifle, using a 30-40 smoke- 
less cartridge, is large enough for any game, 
if a soft point steel jacketed bullet is used. 

Personally I have never had any experi- 
ence with rifles of this class. They may be 
all right, but it seems to me if the men who 
so strongly advocate their use had to stop 
a grizzly bear, in open ground, they would 
feel better to stand behind a 45-90 Win- 
chester. 

R. D. K., in February Recreation, says: 

" My idea of a good hunter is that his 
bullet should never hit a bone on the side 
of the animal on which it enters." 

This reads strangely to Western hunt- 
ers who kill most of their game running, at 
full speed, with repeating rifles. At stand- 
ing game the shoulder shot is considered 
the best and the safest. With a rifle sighted 
to shoot a trifle high, to pull up the foreleg 
until the sight darkens full, is certainly a 
good shot. 

I trust R. D. K. will take no exception to 
this criticism, as it is kindly given. In fact, 
I think one secret of the popularity of Rec- 
reation, over other periodicals of its class, 
is owing to the simple, candid manner in 
which sportsmen are allowed to express 
their opinions through its columns. 

E. L. H. 



This locality is not noted as a game coun- 
try; but we have fair fishing, in season. 
Owing to the scarcity of game, lovers of the 
gun and rifle must needs content them- 
selves with shooting at inanimate targets. 
Since early in November we have been 
shooting once or twice a week, for turkeys 
or for jack pots. 

Most of the shooting, with the rifle, has 
been on the Standard American target, at 
50 yards. There is one little 22 calibre rifle, 
with 22 inch barrel, that has been winning 
two-thirds of all the meat and money, 
against a half dozen others, all of larger 
calibre. At first the boys derisively styled 
it the popgun, but lately they have learned 
to have more respect for it. 

I am looking for a repeater that can do 



as good work, with the .22 long rifle car- 
tridge, as that same single shot. I would 
like to hear from some of your readers, who 
are expert rifle shots, as to the best sights 
for rest shooting, at 50 to 200 yards. 

Moody, Rushville, N. Y. 



Editor Recreation: I have been using 
Winchester rifles for 3 years. First was a 
44-40-200 with which I did good work. I 
killed deer, squirrels, rabbits, and one wild 
cat. Then I tried a 32-20-115 and find it 
just the thing to use here. With this I have- 
killed deer, rabbits, squirrels, quails, coons, 
etc. It does good work up to 150 yds.. 

Many shooters claim that a 32 is too small 
for big game; but if they know where to 
hold it is large enough for here in Hum- 
boldt and Trinity Counties. The deer. 
coons, bears, panthers, rabbits, and game 
of all kinds, is easy to get within shooting 
distance of. If the hunter is careful he can 
get within 50 to 60 yards of deer. 

I am now using a 92 model 32-20-115 
Winchester rifle and have had good results 
from the first time I went out with it and 
think I always shall have. 

W. B., Bridgeville, Cal. 



I am very much interested in your won- 
derful magazine. It is a prize to sportsmen 
and the only trouble I find is in waiting 
from one month to another. I have it all 
read through long before it is time for an- 
other issue. Guns and ammunition is the 
first thing I strike for, and I wish there was 
more on that subject. Am showing your 
magazine to all my friends that I think have 
a drop of sportsmen's blood in them, and 
hope Recreation will reach the millions, 
which it will if given justice. 

G. R. R.. Northfield, Vt. 



I am a small bore crank, and would say 
to J. V. that for all-around shooting I con- 
sider the 22 Marlin best. I bought one and 
have never regretted it. The 22 short car- 
tridge is about as good as the 22 long, and 
is cheaper; while the 22 long rifle is far 
better and no dearer. I should like to hear 
from some one who has used the 22 short, 
hollow point bullets. 

A. H., Paterson, X. J. 



Replying to J. V., I have a 22 short Mar- 
lin single shot rifle, which I have used 5 
years. I have tried several other makes of 
same calibre, but like the Marlin best. With 
slight elevation, it shoots accurately at 100 
yards, and point blank at 50 yards. 

I use a graduated peep rear sight and a 
Beach combination front sight 

J. S., Xew York City. 



NATURAL HISTORY. 



COYOTE STUDIES. 

During the past 10 years, our professional 
mammalogists have been giving the differ- 
ent families and genera of American quad- 
rupeds a complete overhauling. Through 
the labors of Dr. C. Hart Merriam, of the 
Biological Survey, Dr. J. A. Allen, of the 
American Museum of Natural History, Dr. 
Edgar A. Mearns, of the Mexican Bound- 
ary Survey, and a few others, huge collec- 
tions of the dry skins and skulls of the 
smaller quadrupeds have been gathered 
by trained collectors. Often ioo skins of 
the same species have been brought to- 
gether, each one most carefully labelled as 
to its locality, measurements, date, etc. 
Dozens of trained and skilful collectors 
have gone over nearly every portion of the 
United States, gathering in everything that 
was so unwary as to succumb to trap or 
poison. It is absolutely certain that the 
work of the Biological Survey of our Agri- 
cultural Department is by far the most 
thorough and systematic of any studies of 
quadrupeds ever carried out in any country. 
As yet the public generally has not the 
faintest idea of its scope or its value, be- 
cause thus far the results have not been 
ready to correlate and lay en masse before 
the public. When this is done, it is safe to 
predict that such reports will be a revela- 
tion to all people who are interested in 
animal life. 

As an illustration of the startling results 
often reached, we may mention the case of 
our old friend, the coyote. And what 
blessed memories of sage-brush " flats," 
bare " divides," ragged " bad lands " and 
good times galore rise before the hunter at 
the mention of his name! We have all 
known him — and love him for the fun he 
has furnished us for lo! these many years. 
We have clung to him as the one animal 
who scientifically is the same to-day, yester- 
day and forever. The varieties of gray 
wolves and of bears may be ever so many, 
but we never knew Canis latrans to be as- 
sailed by the makers of new species until 
now. 

At last, however, the coyote's hour has 
come. At last Dr. Merriam has gotten hold 
of him, to the extent of a large collection 
of skins and skulls, from all parts of coyote 
land, and the individuality of our old friend 
and occasional camp-follower has been di- 
vided by long division. Dr. Merriam rec- 
ognizes as valid 3 old species, that for years 
had been considered harmless, and at one 
fell swoop he has also created and described 
7 new species! 

The Doctor protests that the specimens 
alone are to blame. He spread them all 
out, according to their localities, sizes, 
colors and teeth, and found 11 distinct 



forms. To make sure his eyes did not de- 
ceive him, he called in several other mam- 
malogists, and challenged their judgment. 
It was agreed that the 11 species were all 
there, and could not be reduced by any le- 
gitimate process known to science; where- 
upon, the whole 11 have been described by 
Dr. Merriam in a Biological Society paper, 
which was published on March 15. 

It is impossible for the casual student, 
much less the average hunter, to acquire, 
from even the best descriptions, the ability 
to recognize each of the species described 
without missing a shot. Only a trained nat- 
uralist can do that. 

As if in anticipation of this very difficulty, 
Dr. Merriam has arranged the 11 species in 
3 groups, each of which is represented by 
a species which may be considered the type 
of its special group. 

The Latrans Group heads the list, and 
is represented by our old friend Canis 
latrans, who is accredited to " the humid 
prairies and bordering woodlands of the 
Northern Mississippi valley in Iowa and 
Minnesota, and follows the Northern edge 
of the plains Westward to the base of the 
Rocky mountains, in the province of Al- 
berta." Farther West, in Colorado and 
Montana to Assiniboia, it is replaced by a 
pale species called Canis pallidas (new) 
which joins farms, still farther West, with 
Canis lestes (new), who owns Southern 
British Columbia, the Sierra Nevadas and 
the Rocky mountains, to Northern Arizona. 

The Frustror Group contains 3 species 
— C. cagottis of Central Mexico, frustror of 
Southern Texas and Indian Territory, and 
peninsulae (new) confined to Lower Cali- 
fornia. These 3 species are of medium size, 
and have smaller teeth than the members 
of the lantrans group. 

The Microdon Group contains 5 species, 
2 of which hail from Mexico, one from Ari- 
zona, one from Utah, and one from the San 
Joaquin valley, California. These are all 
new save the one last named. These are 
still smaller animals, and have much smaller 
teeth than either of the other 2 groups. 

Just what method will be adopted to en- 
able other persons than half a dozen pro- 
fessional mammalogists to get a clear 
understanding of the 11 coyote species now 
laid before us, remains to be seen. One 
very important step in that direction has 
been omitted by the distinguished author 
— inadvertently, let us hope. Not one of the 
11 species has been christened with an Eng- 
lish name! To most people, the Latin 
names mean nothing, and it is therefore 
probable that general interest in the new 
forms will wait for names in the United 
States language — names that mean some- 
thing, and that can be remembered. 

W. T. H. 



476 



NATURAL HISTORY. 



477 



THE CARNEGIE MUSEUM. 

Five years ago, Mr. Andrew Carnegie — 
who spends his wealth for the people about 
as fast as he accumulates it — gave to the 
city of Pittsburg a grand pile of buildings 
containing a fine library, museum, art gal- 
lery and music hall. It cost $800,000, and 
all its contents are free to the public. The 
only condition exacted by the generous 
founder of what should be called " The 
Carnegie Institute," was that the city of 
Pittsburg should annually appropriate the 
sum of $40,000 for the maintenance of the 
library and music hall. 

For the maintenance of the museum and 
art gallery, Mr. Carnegie has given $1,000,- 
000, as a permanent endowment fund, the 
income from which amounts to $50,000 a 
year, and is divided between the 2 institu- 
tions. 

The museum has been the last of the 4 
features to get under way, chiefly for the 
reason that while it is possible to buy the 
contents necessary to a library, or an art 
gallery, a really fine museum must be cre- 
ated from the crude materials, by careful 
and intelligent selection and handiwork. 

For more than a year the Museum Com- 
mittee of the Board of Trustees has been 
considering what course to adopt for the 
development of the museum. Nine large 
halls stand ready to be filled. After full in- 
vestigation, the Committee has chosen Mr. 
Frederic S. Webster, of New York, to serve 
the museum as taxidermist and general 
preparator in zoology, and on May 1 he 
assumed the duties of that very responsible 
position. 

The founder of the museum, and all the 
promoters of the new treasure house of 
zoology, are to be heartily congratulated 
on their choice. Mr. Webster has for 
years stood in the front rank of his pro- 
fession, and he is, beyond question, the 
best man that could have been found for the 
place. His years of experience at Ward's 
Natural Science establishment, when its 
taxidermic department was at its best, gave 
him a wide and valuable experience in the 
mounting of birds, mammals and reptiles, 
of all possible degrees of difficulty. It was 
there he accomplished the difficult feat of 
mounting both the skin and skeleton of a 
rare New Zealand lizard (Hatteria punctata), 
a task which at first seemed impossible. 
In the 13 years Air. Webster devoted to 
custom taxidermy in Washington, and in 
New York, the amount of fine work, in 
mammals and birds, which left his hands, 
both singly and in groups, was really im- 
mense. His exquisite artistic taste in the 
preparation of bird groups has won for him 
numerous prizes and general praise. 

To all lovers of zoology it must be a sin- 
cere pleasure to see so capable a man, and 
so true an artist, chosen to produce the 
work which will fill the elegant halls of the 



new Carnegie Museum. I understand it is 
the intention of the Museum authorities to 
give Mr. Webster as free a hand as any 

•taxidermist could possibly expect in his 
work, and the public will look for good 
results. His first official act was the pur- 
chase, from Lieutenant Peary, of a fine 
series of soft skins of the Atlantic walrus, 

♦with which to create a huge group. 



DESTRUCTION OF AFRICAN 
GAME. 

About 2 years ago the rinderpest broke 
out in Uganda, Eastern Africa, and slowly 
marched Southward, sweeping down about 
90 per cent, of all domestic cattle. A year 
ago it struck Mashonaland and Matabele- 
land, and spared so few oxen that traffic and 
travel by wagon became almost impossible. 
It is now going on down toward the Cape, 
and bids fair to completely ruin thousands 
of small farmers whose wealth has, until 
now, consisted chiefly of cattle. 

One of the worst features of this awful 
cattle plague is that it attacks and kills off 
certain species of wild game, as well as do- 
mestic cattle. Even the hardy and vicious 
Cape buffalo cannot withstand it. A party 
of English hunters, who have recently re- 
turned to Buluwayo, from the Zambesi 
country, report that in the region where 
eland, sable antelope and buffalo were 
plentiful a year ago, scarcely any of those 
animals now remain; and for this reason 
their trip was a complete failure. 

While it is hardly probable that any of 
the species of African antelopes will be ex- 
terminated by the rinderpest, it is fairly 
certain that many years must elapse before 
the herds increase to anything like their 
numbers 3 years ago, even if they ever do; 
for from now on hunters will be more nu- 
merous than ever before. 



WHY IS IT? 

I have already published an account of 
the way in which wolves signal across coun- 
try, and shall have more to say on this sub- 
ject, in a later number. I write now to in- 
quire if any of the readers of RECREATION 
have noticed the habit w'olves have of roll- 
ing in carrion that they would not deign 
to eat. 

The only explanation I can offer for this 
strange habit is that a wolfs personal odor, 
or body scent, is very strong, and that all 
animals know and fear it; so that it must 
often betray him while hunting. From time 
to time, therefore, he " dopes up " when he 
finds some exceptionally stinking filth. No 
wild animal is frightened by the smell of 
carrion, and if its potent odor does not en- 
tirely overpower that of the wolf, it at least 
dispenses it in a measure. Thus the wolf 



478 



RECREA TION. 



hides his sins under the odor of a dead 
animal. 

Has any reader ever observed this habit? 
If so will he kindly report, through REC- 
REATION as to when, where, how often, etc. 
Give full particulars. 

Ernest Seton Thompson. 



TAXIDERMY WITHOUT A 
TEACHER ? 

Will you please tell me, in Recreation, 
if I could learn, the art of taxidermy from 
reading the various books on the subject, 
or would I have to study with some one? 
If so, how long? 

F. H. T., Haverhill, Mass. 

While it is entirely possible for a bright 
young man to learn the art of taxidermy 
from books alone, it is far better to study 
with a living teacher, and learn by practical 
demonstration as well as by precept. The 
latter course will — if the teacher knows his 
business, and teaches its principles fully 
and frankly — save both time and money. 
The best course for a beginner is to enter 
the service of some competent taxidermist, 
begin with the preparation of skins, watch 
everything that goes on around him, and 
study nature. But, in addition to that, he 
should get Hornaday's " Taxidermy and 
Zoological Collecting," and learn it by 
heart. It has taught many a man to mount 
birds, quadrupeds and heads of big game 
when living teachers were entirely beyond 
reach. 



Glenwood Springs, Colo. 

Editor Recreation: There is a most 
wonderful cave about 6 miles above Glen- 
wood Springs, overlooking the Grand 
river. Many people visit it every year, yet 
it has never been fully explored. Several 
men have put in a whole day wandering 
from chamber to chamber; and it is 
thought there are fully 5 miles of under- 
ground passages. 

The entrance is about 10 x 18 feet and is 
about 2,000 feet above the Grand river. The 
view from the entrance is wonderful. 
Trains passing up and down the valley look 
like mere toy cars. 

The walls of the chambers of the cave 
look like polished marble. One of these 
chambers, nearest the entrance, the bears 
use for winter quarters. Others are used by 
mountain sheep. It is evident they were 
once also the hiding places of the dusky 
Ute, for many arrow and spear heads have 
been found in them. 

Two years ago I found the skeleton of a 
large ram that had been killed by lions, the 
winter before. There are many bear, lions, 
mountain sheep, deer and grouse about 



there, but not many elk on the South side 
of the river. When there was a bounty on 
bear I used to get as many as 7 in a week, 
with the aid of my dogs. I discovered this 
cave in 1892, while prospecting, and have 
located it as a mineral property. I have 
never been able to get to it in the winter, 
on account of the deep snow and the narrow 
trail around the cliffs. 

W. H. Hubbard. 



A reader asks how to prepare skins to 
keep the moth out of them. 

A pelt that is to be used must first be 
tanned, by a professional tanner. After that 
has been done, the skin should be stretched 
on a board, skin side uppermost, sponged 
with lukewarm water until it is quite soft, 
and then it should have a coat of arsenical 
soap, such as taxidermists use, mixed to 
about the consistency of thin cream, so that 
it can penetrate the skin to the roots of the 
hair. This can be facilitated by rubbing the 
skin vigorously, with a bit of smooth wood 
to save the fingers from the soap. The soap 
must penetrate the skin to the roots of the 
hair, for it is there that insects work. It 
is impossible to poison the hair itself with- 
out making the fur dangerous to the users. 

Arsenical soap is the best thing in the 
world to protect any skin from insects, for 
when dry it gives off no powder. All tax- 
idermists, doing custom work, keep it for 
sale, and a pound goes a long way. Apply # 
it with a common paint brush, the kind 
called a "sash tool " being the best. A skin 
should always be treated while fresh and 
soft, unless it is to be used as a fur garment, 
rug or robe. 



Seeing your invitation to coon hunters 
to send in actual weights of coons, I gladly 
respond, as I have been hunting them 6 
years, in which time I have caught 157 
coons. I keep a record of the weight of 
every one caught. The largest one I ever 
took weighed 21^ pounds, though I saw 
one caught, by a friend, which weighed 24 
pounds. 

I have often heard of coons weighing 35 
and 40 pounds, " guess weight," but when 
laid on the scales they seldom go 20 pounds. 
They are very deceiving as to weight and 
I may safely say the average weight of 
coons, in this section, is 10 to 15 pounds. 
G. V. B., Hackensack, N. J. 



As one of the court of inquiry to report 
on the weight of the biggest coon, I beg to 
report that among the many coons I have 
secured, while trapping and buying furs in 
this vicinity, the largest was one which I 
bought of a local hunter and which weighed 
29 pounds. E. L. R., Westville, Ind. 



EDITORS CORNER. 



479 



EDITOR'S CORNER. 

THE SICK BABIES' FRESH AIR 
FUND. 

I said in the May number of Recreation 
that the responses to my appeal in behalf 
of the Sick Babies' Fresh Air Fund had 
been generous. They had been generous, 
up to that time, so far as some people were 
concerned; but during the past month the 
receipts have not been nearly so large as I 
had reason to believe they would be. In 
fact, I am sadly disappointed at the meagre- 
ness of the contributions. I have thus far 
received less than $50, all told, while I 
should have had $1,000. 

Here are a few letters indicating the sen- 
timents of certain good people, on this 
subject: 

Titusville, Pa. 

Herewith please find $i to cover the following-named 
contributions to your fund for the benefit of the sick chil- 
dren : Miss A. M. Eckbert, Jno. C. Machale, Geo. J. 
Marks, F. T. Cuthbert, Mrs. F. T. Cuthbert, J. Ronald 
Cuthbert, Helen Iredell. Raymond Iredell, Harry IredelL, 
G. E. Bennett. 

It is a great pleasure to be able to contribute to so worthy 
a cause, and the thought that some poor baby, sick and 
almost dying, "perhaps, for the want of air and medical 
treatment, may be given even this little outing, and the 
tired mother be relieved from the worry and care of life, for 
one day, makes one feel good in the consciousness of hav- 
ing done a little for the ones needing help and sympathy. 
May it be a great success. G. E. Bennett. 

Washington, D. C. 
Ten readers of Recreation send herewith $i in postage 
stamps for the " Fresh Air Fund " and wish you complete 
success. C. G. Gould. 

Marion, N. J. 
Editor Recreation : Here is my mite for "The Sick 
Babies' Fresh Air Fund." Vou certainly deserve great 
credit for doing such good work, and I trust you will be suc- 
cessful in raising the amount you name, $13,000. I don't 
see how any one can possibly refuse so small an amount as 
10 cents for such a cause. W. H. Kellev. 

Buffalo, N. Y. 
Enclosed please find 20 cents for your Fresh Air Fund 
— 10 cents for myself and 10 cents for my wife, who is also 
a reader of Recreation. The object is a noble one, and 
I wish you success in your endeavor to raise the thousands 
of dollars. E.W.Smith. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Enclosed find 10 cents for your Fresh Air Fund. You 
certainly deserve the help of every reader of Recreation in 
this noble work, and I hope your efforts in that direction 
may be crowned with success. W11. L. Voigt. 

Lebanon, N. H. 
These 10 stamps are to be counted in your Fresh Air 
Fund. My 2 babies have fresh New Hampshire air 365 
days in the year. It seems impossible that such a mite (20 
cents) should give fresh air to 2 little " mites " for a day. It 
is a pleasure to contribute. H. M. Cheney. 

I assumed that almost every reader of 
Recreation would receive this appeal in 
the same spirit as these people have. It 
seems strange that any man, woman or 
child, who is fond of fresh air, should not 
be willing to spend 10 cents to give a sick 
baby a whole day of it; an excursion on the 
salt water; a salt water bath and a good 
wholesome meal. I hope the receipts for 
the next 30 days will be at least $1,000. Who 
can refuse to add his or her 10 cents? 



SUBSCRIPTION RECEIPT? '/OR 

2 YEARS AND 4 MONTHS. 

Read the deadly parallel columns: 

1895. 1896. 7897 

January $379 $723 $2,146 

February 256 693 2,127 

March 300 1,049 2,2 15 

April 342 645 1 ,92 I 

May 292 902 

June 307 770 

J ul X 345 563 

August 306 601 

September 498 951 

October 438 969 

November 586 i,°54 

December 652 1.853 



$4,671 $10,773 

Look at the figures for April '95, '96 and 
'gy. They afford a lot of food for reflection. 
Think of this remarkable growth, and con- 
sider whether or not your ad. should be in 
Recreation. 

Are you not using other publications 
whose circulation is decreasing all the time? 
There are many of that kind on the market. 



The July number of Recreation will 
fully sustain the reputation this magazine 
has made as a storehouse of good reading 
and beautiful pictures. 

Among the leading features of that issue 
will be " A Rough Ride in Oregon," by 
Maj. J. G. Trimble, U. S. A.: "A Linger- 
ing Bunch of Buffaloes," C. N. Ayers; 
" Doubles," W. C. Kepler; " My Last Hunt 
in Kansas," Gen. F. W. Benteen, U. S. A.; 
" Goose Shooting in Colorado," W. E. 
King; "How I Killed the Big Ram." T. 
D. C; "My 22 Point Buck," Dr. F. D. 
Hulburt, etc. 

The various departments will be full, to 
overflowing, of bright bits of news and 
valuable information. 



I have never yet found nor heard from 
the 4 heads, that were stolen from my ex- 
hibits at the first and second Sportsmen's 
Shows, in Madison Square Garden, though 
the heads are undoubtedly somewhere in 
New York City. Who has seen an antelope 
head, a mule deer head (female), a Rocky 
mountain lamb's head (with horns about 
1 inch long) or a coyote head? I would 
gladly pay $25 each for the return of these, 
and ask no questions. Please keep a lookout 
for them. 



Send me brief items for Cycling, Natural 
History and Photographic departments. 



The report of the judges who awarded 
the prizes in the photo competition will be 
found on another page. Prize winning 
pictures in July Recreation. 



BICYCLING. 



AN INTERVIEW WITH WHIT- 
MAN'S SPIRIT. 

Spiritualism may be and probably is one 
of the biggest frauds of the day; but it has 
some good men among its followers, and 
once in a while it produces a good thing. 
The following pretended revelation, from 
the spirit of Walt Whitman might easily 
have come from the pen of the late poet: 
Ernest Seton Thompson. 

"Oh, flying wheel! Oh, bicycle! skim- 
ming lightly past the lumbering horses on 
the crowded thoroughfare like a sucker 
among the ice chunks in the creek, when 
the spring floods are making it almighty 
cold and rough! 

" Oh, little lacework of steel, rimmed 
around with rubber! I've made up my 
mind about you and I'm starting m to sing 
your praise in one of my chants. 

" Not that I ever was on a wheel, or that 
I care about that style of exercise; 

" Not because you have disproved a lot 
of rot that the scientists talked, about ve- 
locities, energies and ratios; 

" Not because you are taking away lots 
of trade from the big hotel monopolies and 
scattering it more evenly over the country 
among the little wayside inns, as it should 
be; 

" Not entirely because you are giving the 
poor clerks and counterjumpers a chance 
to see God's earth once in a while, as well 
as those who care nothing about it; 

" But this is why • I am singing your 
praise: Because what many great and good 
men and women vainly gave their lives to 
do, for the race, you have done in less than 
10 short years. 

" You have given to women the right to 
have legs, just as men have them; and you 
are building up big strong loins and thighs 
on those who will, in the next generation, 
be the mothers of the nations." 



ON THE BOULEVARD. 

A sparkling April morning, 

A cycling maiden gay, 
A happy speckled doggie 

That wouldn't get out of the way. 
A girlish scream of terror, 

A wickedly wobbling wheel, 
And then — the distant echoes 

Of a vanishing canine squeal. 
Alas for the speckled doggie! 

None could his pace retard. 
Alas for the cycling maiden! 

Asphalt is very hard. 

— Exchange. 



AS TO WHEELS, TIRES, ETC. 

Syracuse, N. Y. 

Editor Recreation: There are many 
good wheels on the market, and many 
poor ones that are supposed to be good; 
so it is well for a man, in purchasing, to use 
judgment, and not to depend on what the 
salesman says. You will find riders who 
ride a certain wheel because of its lines, the 
color of its enamel, or because a certain 
friend sells it, or some other cause that 
counts for nothing. There are few riders 
who select their machines solely for their 
superior points in mechanical construction 
yet these are what make a perfect riding 
and easy running wheel. 

I have ridden ever since I was 8 years 
old, and am now past 30. Being a me- 
chanical engineer, and having designed 
for several of the leading manufacturers, I 
know a well made wheel when I see it. 

I favor no wheel on advertising grounds 
but consider all of them solely on their 
merits. During the past year I rode one 
wheel 13,226 miles and had absolutely no 
trouble with it. I used in all this time one 
pair of Vim tires and had but 3 punctures 
in these. 

I cannot speak too highly of the Vim 
tires, and I sound their praises wherever I 
go. They have served me well, on all sorts 
of roads and in all sorts of weather. It is 
true that toward the end of the season I 
was forced to change my rear tire to my 
front wheel, on account of wear; but some 
friends who rode with me last season, and 
who were several thousand miles behind 
me, used 2 or 3 pairs of tires to my one. 

Tires are not always to blame when they 
give out. Many riders are careless. They 
use no judgment in keeping their tires 
properly inflated or properly fastened to 
the rims. There is also the scheming re- 
pairer who does poor work and spoils tires 
simply to get more work, and possibly sell 
a new tire. If a puncture is such fcjiat you 
cannot fix it yourself, send it to the manu- 
facturers, and they will work to their own 
credit. 

My choice of a saddle is the Brooks, 
but a saddle is something each rider must 
try. A saddle that fits one person may not 
fit another. 

In all the years I have ridden, I have 
never used a lamp, so cannot advise, but 
the Bridgeport is a fine one, and has done 
good service for many of my friends. 

E. W. G., Syracuse, N. Y. 



"Honesty is the best policy," — especially 
for a man who wants to do business 2 
years in the same place. 



480 



BICYCLING. 



481 



A CRY FROM THE WAR. 
(Dedicated to the best Lexicographer.) 

Is it bisighkel. 

Little Michael? 
Or bisickel, 
Whether nickel 
Five per cent., or fifty carbon, 
When it has its final garb on? 

Whether plain or most ornate, 

Strong and simple in its state 
Or decked with gaieties? 
I say it is! 

If you don't believe it 

You'll soon perceive it 
By looking up the dictionary, 
For it's — well, it's fiction, very 

Much so, to deny, brother, 

That it's either one or other. 

Take a vote and there will be 
A very large majoritee 
For bisickel 
Like icicle, 
Or bisighkel, uttered, say 
Like the " cycle of Cathay." 
In either case, 
Whichever wins the race, 
I offer you surety 
That best authority 
Will be against the chosen way 
And the other method will come to stay. 



Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Editor Recreation: A study of the bear- 
ings of the '97 wheels shows a tendency 
against which I wish to .record a protest. 
On nearly all the wheels the arrangement of 
cups, cones and ball-retainers is such as to 
make an enclosed case which holds the oil 
and anything else that may get in. This 
arrangement requires little care and is clean, 
making a good bearing for a ladies' wheel. 
The old style, before ball-retainers came 




into use, was to have the cones outside and 
locked by the nuts on the axle ends. This 
was a good arrangement inasmuch as it al- 
lows the oil to drain out of the bearing, 
carrying with it the particles of dirt which 
may get in. 

The great value of this natural drainage is 
referred to in the report of a hard tour made 



by a U. S. Army officer. The oil, in drain- 
ing slowly out collects dust which is easily 
wiped off. The point of value is that it 
shows at a glance the health of the bearing. 
I submit a sketch of a rear wheel bearing. 
The axle is Y% of an inch in diameter and the 
balls -,\ inch. The ball-retainer has a 
groove for a felt washer, as a protection 
from dust. The balls are held to the cone, 
a much better arrangement for cleaning and 
inspection than where they are. held in the 
cup. The angles of the bearing surfaces are 
such as would make an easy running wheel, 
if carefully made, without the slightest ten- 
dency to wedge. B. 



" S.omebody has invented a machine- 
gun to be mounted on a bicycle." 

" That won't work. The men will have 
so much fun riding that they will forget all 
about the fighting." 



It was Sunday morning March 28th, that 
my friend Clyde and I came together and 
planned a ride for the afternoon. It was 
the first Sunday the roads had been in good 
shape this year, so we ventured out. 

Our first objective point was DeGraff, O., 
S l / 2 miles distant. I had been sick, for some 
time, and did not feel able to ride fast, but 
we pushed along at a fair gait. 

Arriving at DeGraff, we rode over the 
town awhile and then stopped at a restaur- 
ant, rested and smoked. 

W r e now ran North about 3 miles to Lo- 
gansville and thence started for home. 
After going about a mile Southwest, the 
road began to grow worse, and my friend 
suggested a change of route; so we re- 
turned to DeGraff. There we took another 
rest and then rode out toward a little town 
called Spring Hills, Southeast from De- 
Graff. We found the road fair until we had 
gone about 3 miles when it began to get 
rough. The wind was in our faces, and 
our wheels began to push like log wagons. 

It was only a 4 l /z mile run to this town 
but it seemed like 10, the way the roads 
were at some places. W T e walked up all the 
steep hills and found plenty of them. 

We finally found we were on the wrong 
road so concluded to return to DeGraff and 
then go home. 

We reached Quincy late in the evening, 
thoroughly tired and convinced that March 
is rather early for the roads, in this coun- 
try. D. W., Quincy, O. 



HER HAPPY THOUGHT. 

She had painted an elegant sunset — 
It was lurid enough to roast her: 
But it wouldn't sell, so she dashed 
ad — 
A wheel-girl — and called it a poster. 

E. C 



in an 



482 



RECREA TION. 



TROUBLE AHEAD. 

" Skorcher felt terribly about getting his 
face scratched in that bicycle collision." 

" Yes; he said he couldn't make his wife 
believe he hadn't been to a lady barber." 



What do you think of the Lovell Dia- 
mond bicycle, as compared with the Victor, 
the Stearns and other $100 wheels? 

A. E. H., New Haven, Ct. 

Answer: The Lovell Diamond may be 
all right but is not so well known as the 
others you mention. You will always serve 
your own interests, and those of brother 
sportsmen, best, by buying goods that are 
advertised in Recreation in preference to 
those not represented there. 



" You go out on your wheels every Sun- 
day, don't you? " 

"Yes; after we come home, you know, 
we get a sermon and the music from our 
phonograph; and our vitascope shows us 
the people coming out of church." 



SUMMER JOYS. 

'Tis now the dusty time o' year — 

As writ in Nature's page; 
When reckless sprinklers soak the streets, 

And make the cyclists rage. 



The Gotham Cycle Club is in the saddle 
more firmly than ever, having now acquired 
possession of its handsome and spacious 
club house at 254 West 53d Street on terms, 
for all practical purposes, equivalent to 
ownership. The new President of the club, 
is Mr. A. Jagmetti, the well-known Super- 
intendent of the Century Association. 

Extensive alterations and improvements 
will be made, in the club house, at once. 



" George, I heard talking after you came 
in late last night; were you saying your 
prayers? " 

" Not much: I was hunting matches and 
put both hands flat on that fly-paper you 
left on the mantel." 



CYCLE NOTES. 

With the ground white with the dreaded 
snow, at late as March 15th, it looks as if 
Southwestern Connecticut would have at 
least her share of mud and slush this spring. 
It reminds me that '97 will be a gear case 
year in America, if year 'round riders are 
real bright; for a good gear case saves a 
lot 'of wear and muscle, not to say pointed 
remarks, all due to bad roads, which are too 
numerous all over the land. I shall try one 
early, and report. 

* * * 



There is a budding tendency toward more 
comfort and less agony from saddles; but 
several of the new kinds shown, that pre- 
tend to afford ease, are so small the rider 
feels that if he remains on, it will be due as 
much to Providence, as to his own skill. 

A light, accurate, repeating rifle, that 
means business when fired at a vicious dog 
who wantonly attacks wheelmen on the 
road, is a good thing to carry in regions so 
infested. No law in this State prevents it, 
either, and should not in any other. 

Tires wider than inch-and-a-half " will be 
much worn" this year by comfort lovers; 
and even by many of the speedy ones, who 
have grown weary of numb hands and ach- 
ing arms due to small, hard inflated tires 
on rough roads. One and three-quarters 
and, in many cases, 2 inch tires will be rid- 
den by those who prefer to still inhabit this 

vale of tears. Why not ride at ease? 
# * * 

A fine quality of steel wire should replace 
many of the flimsy dress and chain guards, 
of string, found on too many ladies' wheels. 

Suppose wire costs ten cents more to a 
wheel; it would make the owner more than 
that much happier, and she would, with the 
wire lacing, as the photographer says, 
" look pleasant " at all times. 

Stamson. 



The secretary of the L. A. W. has com- 
piled a list of membership in each State, 
showing the numerical standing for 1896 
and 1897. There was a decrease in only two 
divisions — Oklahoma and Mississippi. The 
membership a year ago was 39,323. This 
year it is 75,512. 



The wheelmen of Watertown, N. Y., have 
formulated plans for building bicycle paths 
along Lake Ontario, connecting with paths 
throughout the Northern, central and 
Western counties. It is expected this cir- 
cuit will be completed by August. 



Saratoga has been selected for the New 
York State division bicycle meet, which 
will continue 2 days, during the week be- 
ginning June 21. The local arrangements 
will be made by the Goods Roads Asso- 
ciation. 



Six months ago the Greater New York 
Wheelmen organized with 12 members. 
They now have nearly 200 and the club has 
made application for membership in the As- 
sociated Cycling Clubs of Long Island. 



A party of 3 gentlemen will go from here 
to San Francisco, on bicycles, this spring. 
Will some one inform me in regard to»the 
best route to take? 

B. G. Robinson, 
East End, Oneonta, N. Y. 



RECREA riON. 



483 



a 



Some Sager Saddle Surely Suits/' 




Come in 5 forms of J 4 various dimensions, interchangeable with 7 graded 

springs, giving 60 styles to choose from, shown in the new 

Illustrated Catalogue, sent free. 




Made of the finest materials the world produces 
by the 




ltlaRer$ Of lttOSt Of fife I)i9fi-0ra<k Saddle." Rochester, n. y 




WHY ROUGH IT IN CAMP ? 
WHY NOT SMOOTH IT ? 
WHY NOT BE COMFORTABLE? 



Our forefathers used to rough it because they had 
to. That was before the day of Derby, Abercrombik 
& Co. It was before the day of their water-proof tents, 
clothing bags, and sleeping bags; their grub bags, 
ammunition bags, canvas canoe covers, awnings, 
folding buckets, etc. 

Now, since these goods are on the market, and at 
prices that are easy for everyone, there's no reason 
why anyone should not make camp life a luxury. 

Here is what one man says of our goods : 

Abbottston, Baltimore, Md., Nov. 20, 1896. 
Gentlemen : I have used your tents 6 seasons, 
hunting in the North and South, and find them an abso- 
lute protection against rain and dampness. The fact 
of their not wetting is a great feature, for they do not 
increase in weight. I camped in the Mississippi Delta 
6 weeks during an unusually wet season, and used 
tent without fly, which proved a great boon to us. 
You may use my name to recommend your tents, and 
hope others will see the advantage of a light-weight, 
waterproof tent. 

Horace Abbott Gate. 

Many others have spoken in equally strong terms. 
If you try our goods you will like them as well as 
others do. 

Ask for catalogue and prices. 

Derby, Abercrombie & Co. 

Manufacturers of WATERPROOF and 

PLAIN CANVAS GOODS 
36 SoutH Street, New York City 




Trustiest Tackle of Tackledum 

To take TRICKY TROUT, BASS, 
PICKEREL, or TARPON. 

Illustrated in a book of 1 ;-> pages — FREE 
To the ' ' SONS OF ISAAC WALTON ' ' 

which means to those who have a love for fishing, 

or would like to have. 
Penny, in a postal, brings it. Send for it NOW. 

REUBEN WOOD'S SONS' CO., Syracuse, N. Y. 




Carry 

"The Corker" 

with you 

and you need have no fear of walk- 
ing home. It mends cycle tire 
punctures in a minute. The sim- 
plest thing- in the world. Send J^c 
for enough to mend 25 punctures. 

"Clinchlt" Rubber Cement, the "stuff 
that sticks." Ounce tube, postpaid, 15c. 

Circulars free. 

The Nationial Specialty Co. 91 Euclid Av. Cleveland, 0. 



m *« — •* 



4*4 



RECREA TION. 



Cartridge 

Ikodaks- 



* 'i»^v • 



$25. 



00 




SHOWING CARTRIDGE KODAK CYCLE CASE. 



In the No* 4 Cartridge Kodak 

we have combined our Film Cartridge System by 
which the camera LOADS IN DAYLIGHT with a 
Folding Kodak of the highest type* It embodies in 
an instrument 3}& inches in thickness, every feature 
which the skilled amateur desires in his camera* It 
uses either film cartridges or glass plates and is the 
only 4x5 camera which is 



PERFECTLY ADAPTED 

TO USE AWHEEL. 



t 




"Bicycle Kodaks" booklet 
free at agencies or by mail. 



$2,853.00 in Prizes for 

Kodak Pictures. 

$1,475.00 in Gold. 

Send for "Prize Contest" 

Circular. 



EASTMAN KODAK CO. 

Rochester, N. Y, 



AMATEUR PHOTOGRAPHY. 



CLOSE OF THE CONTEST. 

Recreation's 2d annual photographic 
contest closed April 30th, and the prizes 
were awarded Monday, May 3d. The 
judges selected for this important duty were 
Geo. H. Daniels, General Passenger Agent 
of the New York Central Railway; Ernest 
Seton Thompson, the eminent animal 
painter, author of " Art Anatomy," " The 
King of Currumpaw," etc.; and W. T. 
Hornaday, director of the New York 
Zoological Society, and author of " Tax- 
idermy and Zoological Collecting," " Two 
Years in a Jungle," " A Man Who Became 
a Savage," etc. These men are well known 
to all readers. Their professions are such 
as to have required them to handle photo- 
graphs, for years past, and they are, there- 
fore, especially qualified to judge critically 
of this class of art. 

They gave an entire afternoon and even- 
ing to the work of examining the 1,214 
pictures which had been submitted by 607 
competitors. The reader will readily un- 
derstand the great responsibility placed 
upon these gentlemen, and the difficulties 
they encountered, from the start. 

A number of photographs were entered 
by beginners, who had little idea of the 
high degree of excellence they would have 
to compete with, and whose pictures were, 
therefore, not of a high order. There were, 
however, more than 300 fine ones, to 
the makers of which the judges would have 
been glad to award substantial prizes; but 
this could not be done, on account of the 
heavy expense it would entail on the pub- 
lisher of Recreation. 

Many excellent pictures must, therefore, 
be passed over and the makers of them 
will naturally feel disappointed. Even hon- 
orable mention could not, for lack of 
space, be accorded to all who deserve it. 
The honors were placed where the judges 
deemed they were most thoroughly de- 
served, and persons whose names do not 
appear in either of the following lists need 
not, for a moment, infer that their work 
was not appreciated by the editor, or the 
judges. The unfortunate ones must re- 
member that all pictures could not be best, 
and that all could not win where so few 
prizes or so few commendations could be 
bestowed. 

The prize winners are as follows: 

ist, " Hunting the Big Horn " Myra A. Wiggins. 

2d, '* In the Swim " Wm. L. Rathbone. 

3d, " Gee ! " F. T. Harmon. 

4th, " A Big One at Last " Frank C. Pearre. 

5th, " Alone, Perhaps ! " W. H. Walters. 

6th, " An African Hunt " Arthur C. Mellette. 

7th, " After the Bass in Big Swamp," D. M. Ballou. 
58th, " On a Summer Day " F. E. Matthewson. 

9th, " At the Foot of the Pass " Harry R. Christy. 

xoth, ** An Anxious Moment " Mrs. H. L. Darling. 



1 1 th, " A H igh Grade Tumble " John Boyd. 

12th, " Game Keeper and Antelope " Serg't Wm. Van 

Buskirk. 

13th, "End of the Cruise of '89" William Allen. 

14th. " Pine Shack" D. M. Ballou. 

15th, k> The Captain of the Libbey "...F. E. Matthewson. 
16th, " A Fresh Supply of Venison " .J. Howard Demarest. 
1 7th, " A Fine Catch, See ! " Capt. John S. Loud, 

U.S.A. 

18th, " Curse That Limb " E. H. Ashcroft. 

19th, " Recreation " Frank C. Pearre. 

20th, " Here They Come " William Mohaupt. 

21st, " Doubtful" Robert Walstrom. 

22d, " A Late Cast " H. L. Christy. 

23d, " In Trouble " Wm. L. Rathbone. 

24th, " An Early Breakfast " B. J. Warren 

25th, " A Few Minutes' Rest " William Allen. 

26th, " Looking For Trouble " H. G. Reading. 

27th, " A Fine Afternoon " Eugene V.R.Thayer, 

28th, "' Bathers " G. E. Moulthrop, 

29th, " The Drumming of the Grouse" S. J. Power. 

30th, " Dunbar Castle " Fred Darrow. 

31st, " Prairie Chickens : ' J. C. Howenstein. 

The following pictures are awarded high 
commendation: 

1st, " Where is Our Camp ? " S.J.Power. 

2d, " Two Coons and the Dog that 

Treed Them " Samuel Randall. 

3rd, " Now Look Pleasant, Please,".. E. F. Whitmore. 

4th, •' The Monarch of the Forest ". .Samuel F. Gaches. 

5th, " Chips of the Old Block " H. S. Humphrey. 

6th, " Sugaring Off" W. C. Sleight. 

7th, " Scene in Ogden Canyon " W. D. Capes. 

8th, " Polar Bears in Lincoln Park ".William Wells. 

9th, " Orphans " Wm. Mohaupt. 

10th, '' An Amateur " Will D. Bowers. 

11th, " Government Camp " Myra A. Wiggins. 

12th, " Are Girls a Necessity?" A. R. Ordway. 

13th, " Spinnaker Trying to Play Bal- 
loon " Geo. E. Dodge. 

14th, " Ten O'Clock and Only Thir- 
teen " E. H. Ashcroft. 

15th, " Our November Camp " Arthur C. Mellette. 

16th, " Moonlight on Lake St. Catha- 
rine " T. L. Davies. 

17th, " A Noble Dog " John H. Wheeler. 

18th, " A Thirsty Traveller " H. G. Reading. 

19th, " Packing Deer to Camp '' Boyd C. Packer. 

20th, " Days of Recreation " E. F. Whitmore. 

21st, " Running Fire " Francis W. Sprague. 

22d, " A Pleasant Camp " F. J. Taylor. 

23d, " The Empty Creel " Kenneth Fowler. 

24th, " Image Cut in Sandstone " Robt. Walstrom. 

25th, " In Camp " E. H. Ashcroft. 

26th, " Racing " C. L. Amos. 

27th, " Lake Monponsett " W. E. Higbee. 

28th, M Moose " F. H. Holmes. 

29th, " The Loyalhanna River " Harry L. Christy. 

30th, " Tramp Down the Shiawassee " C. A. Stone. 

31st, " Scene in Ogden Canyon " W. D. Capes. 

32d, " Wounded Buck " Boyd C Packer. 

33d, " A Tasty Meal " A. P. Ingram. 

34th, " Summer Recreation " Herman lilies. 

35th, " Fishing for Pickerel " J. Howard Dema- 
rest. 

36th, " Our Favorite Sport " Wm. Mohaupt. 

37th, " The Murial " Jas. Wilson. 

38th, "' Not a Beauty, but Clever " Jas. Wilson. 

39th, " Staunch " Arthur C. Mellette. 

40th, " The Pretty Boys' Camp at Egg 

Beach " William Allen. 

A great many pictures were submitted 
for competition that were not admissible 
under the conditions published in previous 
issues of Recreation. That is. the pict- 
ures did not represent any branch of sport 
or recreation. Among this class the follow- 
ing, while not entitled to prizes, are highly 
commended: 



485 



4 86 



RECREA TION. 



ist, '' The Shepherd and His Sheep "E. J. Swetland. 

2d, " Winter Evening " Herman lilies. 

3d, " In the Shade " B. J. Warren. 

4th, " I'm Ready fur My Picture,'' . . S. J. Power. 

5th, " Early Spring " G. L. Stone. 

6th, " A Glimpse of the Oswego 

River " Fred Darrow. 

7th, " Nature " Robt. Walstrom. 

8th, " On Guard " Fred Darrow. 

9th, "' Logging Team " H. C. Eberhart. 

10th, " My First Snap Shot " Mrs. H. L. Darling 

nth, lk The Home of the Trout " Francis W. Sprague. 

In Recreation's first competition, held 
a year ago, there were but about 100 entries; 
in the second, over 600. Thus it will be 
observed that Recreation is reaching out 
in the field of amateur photography, as in 
everything else. 

My 3d annual competition will open 
January ist, '98, and close April 30th of 
the same year. It may be safely predicted 
that more than 1,000 amateur photogra- 
phers will compete in that contest, and that 
more than 2,000 pictures will be submitted. 

I had hoped to have reproduced some of 
the winning pictures in this issue of Rec- 
reation, but my editions have grown so 
large that it is necessary to go to press at 
least 3 weeks before the date of issue. Sev- 
eral of the first forms were on the press 
before the contest closed. A number of 
winning pictures are now in the hands of 
the engraver, and will appear in the July 
number. Others will follow in August, 
September, October, etc. All those com- 
mended by the judges will be published, in 
time, as also many they were compelled to 
pass over without noticing in this way. 

I tender my heart-felt thanks to all the 
amateur photographers who have so gen- 
erously responded to my request for entries 
in this competition, and beg to assure them 
that their good will and their co-operation 
are heartily and cordially appreciated. 



"The precarious nature of the supply of platinum was 
well shown a year or 2 ago, when a small combination was 
able to ' bull ' the price of this metal almost to the value 
of gold. It will therefore be good news to photographers 
that a new source of supply has been discovered, of such 
large area that it may fairly be expected to bring down 
the price to a level never before reached. We read that 
in New South Wales. a bed of platiniferous lead, over a 
mile long, has been discovered. It has been known for 
some time past that the metal was there, but it had not 
been properly workca. It is said the platinum is present 
to the large extent of 75 per cent." — British Journal of 
Photography. 

Since this appeared many other photo- 
graphic and scientific journals have pub- 
lished similar information, and their writ- 
ings have been recently copied by some 
intercolonial journals. From personal in- 
quiries, made at the Department of Mines 
of New South Wales, Sydney, we are in a 
position to state that no such extensive find 
of platinum has been made in the Colony, 
and that at the present time the value of this 
metal is nearly equal to gold. — " Australian 
Photographic Journal." 



give prints their natural color, when dipped 
in the solution. Do you know whether it 
has been placed on the market? If so please 
tell me the price and where it can be pro- 
cured. J. R., Yazoo City, Miss. 

Answer. — No such process has yet been 
proven effective for general use, though 
some remarkable results have been ob- 
tained from experiments. An account of 
another successful experiment, in this line, 
is given in this issue of Recreation. My 
readers will be kept fully advised of the 
progress made by students. 

Editor. 



I have just finished a book of photo- 
graphs, that I have taken on my hunting 
trips, and it lies on a stand in my den. I 
advise every sportsman to carry a camera 
with him, when going into the woods, as a 
number of good views and a diary bring 
back the joys of a hunting or fishing trip 
more vividly than anything else can. A 
camera that will take a good picture is all 
that is needed. This highly finished wood 
and beautiful grained leather is liable to 
injury while being kicked around a camp. 
W. H. D., Augusta, Me. 



To make a phantom picture, put a sheet 
of ground glass behind a portrait negative 
and place it against a window strongly 
lighted. Darken all the panes except the 
one against which the negative is placed, 
then look steadily at one point of the nega- 
tive for about half a minute. On then di- 
recting the eye toward the dimly illumi- 
nated ceiling of the room a beautiful 
positive, of a rich sepia, will be seen. By this 
simple method a likeness can be recognized 
by those who are not practised in examin- 
ing negatives. — " Photographic News." 



A new ink is announced, that will write 
on glass, and can take the place of paper 
labels on bottles, etc., as it is indelible. 
It is made by dissolving 20 grams of brown 
lacquer (not heated) in 150 cc. of commer- 
cial alcohol, and mixing this, a drop at a 
time, with a solution of 35 grams of borax, 
dissolved in 250 cc. of distilled water. It 
can then be colored as preferred; 1 gram of 
methylene violet, for instance, will produce 
a handsome ink. — " Nouveaux Remedes." 



It is said that in England large photo- 
graphs are being extensively used for wall 
paper. Here is a hint which enterprising 
Yankee photographers may easily turn to 
profit. 



Some time ago I read of a Frenchman 
who had discovered a compound that would 



Send short items for this department. 
Fellow readers will thank you for them, as 
well. 

The Editor. 



RECREA TION. 487 



'*^-v 




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PICTURES 




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Cameras 

Have achieved an enviable reputation the world 
over. Their PERFECT construction and ease of 
manipulation, combined with grace, beauty, and 
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and they are to-day the Favorite Camera with the 
foremost Amateur and Professional Photographers. 



20 



MADE : y| I DIFFERENT STYLES 

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Special Designs for the Sportsman and Tourist 



CATALOGUE MAILED FREE 



Rochester Optical Co*, Rochester, N* Y* 



4 8c> 



RECREA TION. 



CHECK LISTS OF ARTICLES CONSTITUTING CAMP OUTFITS. 

With reference to the first of the following lists, it may be noted that a strong man can carry 
50 pounds 10 or 15 miles a day, comfortably, when accustomed to it. If traveling by canoe, the 
only addition necessary to make to the loads, in case of portages, would be the canoe and paddles. 
If no long portages are to be made, a few other luxuries may be added to the list. 

The total weight of such articles, enumerated in the second list, as are to be carried on the pack* 
animals, is about 320 pounds, or 160 pounds to each animal. With these loads they will travel, com- 
fortably, 20 to 35 miles a day. As the provisions and cartridges are used up, skins, heads, or other 
trophies may be added to the loads in their stead. No animal should be allowed to carry more than 
250 pounds, and small ones not more than 150 to 200. Overloading is cruel, and is nearly sure to 
cause sore backs. 

If more than one pack animal is provided for each man, then a folding boat, folding cots, chairs, 
cook stove, and even a table may be carried. For a larger or smaller party, or for a longer or 
shorter outing, the requisite quantity of supplies may be determined by multiplication or subtraction. 

The dotted lines are intended to hold memoranda of any articles that it may be deemed neces- 
sary to add, in special cases. 

SUPPLIES FOR TWO MEN FOR A TEN DAYS* TRIP ON FOOT. 



10 pounds hard bread. 
14 pounds bacon. 
3 pounds dried apples or peaches. 

2 pounds salt. 

3 pounds sugar. 

2 pounds coffee, roasted and 

ground, — or, 
i pound tea. 

2 sleeping bags, or blankets. 
2 rifles or guns. 

1 ax. 

100 cartridges. 

2 fishing rods. 

hooks, lines, flies, reels, etc. 
2 belts and hunting knives. 
2 pocket knives. 

1 tent. 

2 pack straps. 



2 suits extra underwear, in bags. 

4 pairs socks. 

2 rubber coats. 

2 compasses. 

2 watches. 

1 photo camera. 

1 camp kettle. 

1 frying pan. 

1 wire broiler. 

1 stew pan. 

1 coffee pot. 

2 tin plates. 
2 spoons. 

2 tin cups. 

1 dish cloth. 

2 pounds tobacco. 
2 pipes. 

1 map. 



300 matches. 

2 water-proof match boxes. 

2 ounces insect lotion. 

2 cakes soap. 

2 towels. 

2 tooth-brushes. 
Supply of small change. 



Total weight about 100 pounds. 

It is possible to curtail this list slightly, 

but not without some sacrifice of 

comfort. 



SUPPLIES FOR TWO MEN FOR TEN DAYS, TRAVELING WITH TWO SADDLE HORSES AND TWO 

PACK HORSES, SUMMER OR FALL. 



2 saddle horses. 

2 pack horses. 

2 riding saddles. 

2 pack saddles. 

2 bridles. 

4 saddle blankets. 

4 picket ropes. 

2 sling ropes. 

2 lash ropes. 

2 cinches. 

2 manteaus. 
50 feet quarter-inch rope. 
50 feet half-inch rope. 

2 gun slings. 

2 rifles or guns. 

1 ax. 

200 cartridges, 

2 cleaning outfits for guns. 

1 small can of oil. 

2 belts. 

2 hunting knives. 
-12 skinning knives. 
2 pocket knives. 
2 steels. 

1 map. 

2 compasses. 
2 watches. 

2 pack straps. 

2 pairs goggles or smoked glasses. 

2 pairs ear muffs. 

1 photograph camera. 

3 rolls celluloid film. 

2 fishing rods. 



2 reels and lines. 
12 bait hooks, assorted sizes. 
12 flies, assorted colors. 

2 sleeping bags, or 

3 pairs heavy wool blankets. 
2 pillows. 

1 tent. 

2 sheets, canvas. 

2 suits heavy woolen clothes. 

4 heavy woolen undershirts. 

4 pairs heavy woolen drawers. 

4 heavy woolen outside shirts. 

6 pairs heavy woolen socks. 

2 light felt hats. 

2 pairs buckskin gloves. 

2 rubber coats. 

2 pairs rubber hip boots. 

2 pairs heavy leather shoes. 

2 bags to carry clothing in. 

4 pairs buckskin moccasins. 

1 camp kettle. 

stamped enveiopes and paper. 

i frying pan. 

1 wire broiler. 

1 stew pan. 

1 coffee pot. 

2 tin plates. 
2 spoons. 

2 knives. 
2 forks. 
2 tin cups. 
2 dish cloths. 
1 box matches. 



2 water-proof pocket match boxes. 
20 pounds flour, or 

15 pounds hard bread. 
14 pounds bacon. 

3 pounds dried apples or peaches. 
3 pounds oat or rye meal. 

3 pounds beans. 
3 pounds rice. 

2 pounds salt. 

i pound pepper. 

3 pounds sugar. 

2 pounds roasted and ground coffee, 
or i pound tea. 

2 pounds desiccated vegetables. 

2 pounds tobacco. 

2 pipes. 

2 toilet cases, each containing soap, 
towels, tooth - brush, needles, 
thread, buttons, safety-pins, and 
other small articles. 

1 kit tools and materials for repair- 
ing camp equipage, etc. 

4 horse shoes. 

1 pound horse nails. 

2 pounds powdered alum, for curing 

skins. 
Supply of small change. 



RECREA TION. 



489 



SUPPLIES FOR TWO MEN FOR TEN DAYS, TRAVELING BY TEAM, SUMMER OR FALL. 

1 team and its equipment. 2 sheets, canvas, 4x8 feet. 20 pounds flour, or 

50 feet quarter-inch rope. 1 folding camp table. 15 pounds hard bread. 

50 feet half-inch rope. 2 folding camp chairs. 14 pounds bacon. 

2 rifles or guns. 1 hammock. 2 pounds dried apples. 

2 gun slings. 2 suits heavy woolen clothes. 2 pounds dried peaches. 

1 ax. 4 heavy woolen undershirts. 2 pounds dried apricots. 
200 cartridges. 4 pairs heavy woolen drawers. 3 pounds oat or rye meal. 

2 cleaning outfits for guns. 4 heavy woolen outside shirts. 2 pounds beans. 

1 small can of oil for guns. 6 pairs heavy woolen socks. 2 pounds rice. 

2 belts. 2 hght felt hats. 5 pounds salt. 

2 hunting knives. 2 pairs buckskin gloves. i pound pepper. 

2 skinning knives. 2 rubber coats. 3 pounds sugar. 

2 pocket knives. 2 pairs rubber hip boots. 2 pounds roasted and ground coffee, 

2 steels. 2 pairs heavy leather shoes. or 

2 compasses. 4 pairs moccasins. i pound tea. 

2 watches. 2 bags to carry clothing in. 25 pounds potatoes. 

2 pack straps. 1 folding canvas boat. 2 pounds tobacco. 

1 map. 1 camp ketde. 2 pipes. 

2 pairs goggles or smoked glasses. 1 frying pan. 2 toilet cases, each containing soap, 
stamped envelopes and paper. 1 wire broiler. towels, tooth-brush, hair-brush, 
2 pairs ear muffs. 1 stew pan. needles, thread, buttons, safety 

1 photograph camera. 1 bread pan. pins, etc. 

24 celluloid plates. 1 coffee pot. 1 kit tools and materials for repair- 

2 fishing rods. 1 dutch oven. ing wagon, camp equipage, etc. 
2 reels and lines. 2 tin plates. 4 horse shoes. 

12 bait hooks, assorted sizes. 1 folding rubber bucket. 25 horse nails. 

12 flies, assorted colors. 2 spoons. 2 pounds powdered alum for curing 

2 sleeping bags, or 2 knives. skins. 

4 pairs heavy wool blankets. 2 forks. Supply of small change. 

2 mattresses, or 2 tin cups. 

2 folding cot beds. 2 dish cloths. 

2 pillows. 1 bar laundry soap. 

1 tent. 1 box matches. 

1 camp cooking stove. 2 waterproof pocket match boxes. 



nePRESS BUTTON KNIFE 



can be opened with 
one hand by slightly- 
pressing the button. 



In Solid Silver tooo- Fine. Sheffield Steel Blades, 
nothing finer made ; no breaking finger nails, or removing 
gloves. Impossible to get out of order. Fully guaran- 
teed. A perfect knife for ladies or gentlemen. 



Sent postpaid as follows : 

Sterling Silver, like cut, Bright or Antique, $1.75 
Pearl, Plain, - $1.50 Stag, Plain, - 1.00 
Ivory, Plain, - 1.25 Celluloid, Plain, 1.00 

Handsome Stag-handle sent on 

receipt of $1.00, postpaid 



LOTT 
& 
SCHMITT 

112-114 Walker Street 

NEW YORK 




Hunting 
Fishing and Camping 

our four-inch blade, Press-button Jack 
Knife is simply the best knife made 
for the purpose. Impossible to close 
or open until you want it to. You 
can't injure yourself. 

SEND FOR ILLUSTRATED 
CATALOG 




HAVE YOU SENT IN YOUR 10 CENTS FOR THE SICK BABIES' 

FRESH AIR FUND? 



49° 



RECREA TION. 



PHOTOGRAPHY IN COLORS. 

Yet another process comes from France. 
At a recent meeting of the Societe Fran- 
chise, M. de Saint Florent read a paper on 
a new process he had discovered. Celloidin 
(collodio-chloride) paper was used, ex-, 
posed to sunlight until it had assumed a 
reddish-black color. After this the paper 
was immersed for 10 minutes in the follow- 
ing bath: 

Alcohol (36 deg. Beaume). .3 ounces. 

Glycerine 2 drachms. 

f Tincture of iodine (24 p. c.) .2 drachms. 
Ammonia (.880) 6 drops. 

After drying in the dark room, the paper 
was exposed under a colored transparency, 
to direct sunlight, for an hour or so, until 
the colors appeared. It was then fixed in 
a 6 to 10 per cent, solution of hyposulphite 
of soda. While in this bath the colors came 
out brilliantly and then faded to a lemon 
yellow color, when the print was withdrawn 
from the bath and washed rapidly, after 
which it was dried in the sun, or in front of 
a bright fire. This caused the colors to 
reappear in all their brilliancy, and to re- 
main permanent. This sounds too good to 
be true, but it is easy to verify the author's 
statements. As will be readily seen, the 
process is essentially different from that of 
M. Graby— " Photogram." 



Camera * 



Quad 



No Separate 
Parts / / .* 

3£x3£ inch Plates 

Eminently 
Practical 

Handsomely cov- 
ered with leather 



V^rinc* *fce f\t\ Send 2c. stamp for sample 
ri *^^» *P&*V\J photograph and booklet 

ticReye 





B 



Twelve Expo- 
sures without re- 
loading. Loaded 
t in daylight. 

Simple and ef- 
ficient. 



Send for illustrated 
booklet. 



Price, $8.00 

€♦ Sf ft % flntftony $ £o. 

591 Broadway * • « * new Vork 



If you are in need of 

A Camera that 
will produce a * 
Perfect Picture, 

obtain 

The HAWK-EYE, Jr. 

which will be found 

a faithful friend at all times. 

The simplicity of its working parts enable the novice to obtain results that will astonish 
old photographers. Size, 4I x 4? x H in. Photo, 3* x 3* in. Weight, 20 oz. 

LOADS IN DAYLIGHT, USES EITHER ROLL FILM OR GLASS PLATES. 

Send for Catalogue, giving description of all kinds of DDirC 4t& rtrh 

Cameras and Supplies. Mr IVIwCj 4JO*UO 

THE BLAIR CAMERA CO., 471 Tremont St., Boston, Mass, 




ft3* W^ 1 t^T 1 {£& 



RECREATION. 491 



H^Baby Wizard 




Camera. 



Is the 

Ideal Camera 



Only 2^ x 5^ s 6Ji inches 



for TOURISTS, WHEELMEN 

OR SPORTSMEN GENERALLY 



Fitted with our Extra Rapid 
Rectilinear Lens (unequaled in 
this country), and the Bausch 
and I/omb Optical Company's 
Iris Diaphragm Shutter. 

Complete with Carrying Case 



$25.00 





Same without rack and pinion, for focussing, and swing back 



$20.00 



SEND FOR CATALOGUE 



Manhattan Optical Co., Gesskill, N* J* 



492 RECREATION. 



H n prizes for Ikodahers, 

the EASTMAN. ^ 

AMATEUR 
PHOTOGRAPHIC CONTEST. 

$1,475,00 in Gold, 
$1*308.00 in Cameras, 

$70.00 in Lantern Slide , 
Plates and Film. 

130 Prizes. 

The conditions are easy to comply with — the prizes valu- 
able. 

Prizes for contact prints, enlargements and lantern slides. 
Special classes for Pocket Kodak Prints and Pocket Kodak 
Enlargements, Circular giving conditions and enumerating prizes 
free at Kodak agencies or by mail. 



EASTMAN KODAK CO. 

SEU $ woSm. Rochester, N. Y. 



1^)9100.00. 



RECREA TIOJV. 



493 




"No 

Sportsman 
Can Do 
-.. Without It" 

*> Thafs what letters received 



from men who have hunted, 
fished and camped, from Maine 
erne Kenwood Camping: Bag: m use.) to California, say about the 

KENWOOD 
CAMPING BAG 

It's a comfort — a luxury — a necessity. Easily adjusted 
and a perfect protection from Cold, Snow, Rain, or Dew. 
Adapted to every condition of climate and weather. Kick- 
ing or turning will not uncover you. Stiffening of tired 
muscles never happens. A complete shelter in itself. 
Handy as a hold all. Lighter than a square blanket it adds 
less weight to the pack, on a carry. Made to stand the 
very hardest use. Many improvements. Common sense 
price. Write to the editor of Recreation, or send for 

I * ■ \ I M ^ Samples of materials, and illustrated pamphlet of 
M r\ i ^r"^ our new Steamer Rugs, Baby Bags, and Golf, Trav- 
elling and Steamer Capes, to 

The Kenwood Mills, Albany, n.y. 



494 



RECREA TION. 




"That's my Washburn! 



If you have it in mind to buy either a 
Guitar, Mandolin or Banjo, iet us send 
you our ''Washburn Book." It tells why 
Washburns are by far the best instruments 
made; gives portraits and testimonials of 
over 100 artists, and quotes to you the 
net cash prices at which Washburns are 
sold everywhere. Address Dept. T, Lyon 
& Healy, 199-203 Wabash Ave., Chicago. 



JUST THE THING... 

For Yachts and Country Homes 

t™. STELLA 




Our new Music Box, playing any number of tunes on 
tune sheets, without pins or projections of any kind ; 
surpasses all others in quality of tone and in dura- 
bility ; it occupies little space and compares favorably 
in tone with the piano. Call and see it, or send for 
catalogue and list of tunes to 

JACOT & SON, 39 Union Square, New York 







TWWWv 



a 






immmmm 



BEST=BIKE=SHOES," 

BALL-BEARING," 
"RIDEMPHAST," 

"PEDALSHOE," 

"Model Bicycle Shoes 

of the ttloria." 

Constructed on scientific principles. 

EASY TO RIDE IN- 
EASY TO WALK IN. 



♦ ♦ . Pratt Fasteners Hold Laces ♦ ♦ • 

THE «B-B" SHOE MFG. CO., 




J 21 Duane Street, 



New York. 



RECREA TION. 



495 




FowlerCycleMfg.Co. 

CHICAGO. 

NEWrYORK • BOSTON • PROVIDENCE 

LONDON. 

Prop us a Postal Card fop 
97 CevteJogue 



"\ OfG-0O0,C»f- 



496 RECREA TION. 



Camping 



and 



Camp Outfits 

A MANUAL OP INSTRUCTION FOR YOUNd 
AND OLD SPORTSMEN. 

Edited by G. O. SHIELDS ("COQUINA") 

Author of "CRUISINGS IN THE CASCADES," "RUSTLINGS IN THE ROCKIES," « HUNTINO IN THE 
GREAT WEST," "THE BATTLE OF THE BIG HOLE," "THE BIG GAME OP 
NORTH AriERICA," «« THE AMERICAN BOOK OF THE DOG," 
"AriERICAN GAME FISHES," ETC. 



12mo. 200 Pages. 30 Illustrations. Cloth, $1.25. 



CHIS book contains practical points on how to dress for Hunting, Fishing, or other Camping 
Trips; what to carry in the way of extra Clothing, Bedding, Provisions, Cooking Utensils, and 
all classes of Camp Equipage; how to select Camp Sites; how to make Camp Fires; how to 
build Temporary Shelters; what to do in case of Getting Lost, etc. It contains check lists of articles 
constituting Complete Camping Outfits; a list of the names and addresses of Guides, in various 
hunting and fishing countries, and much other information of value to Campers, and which has never 
before been given to the public. 

The instructions given are based on an experience of twenty-five years in Camping, and in the 
study of Camp Lore, Woodcraft, etc., and it is believed that the work will prove of great value to 
thousands of men and boys, who have not had such favorable opportunities for study. 
The book also contains a Chapter by 

DR. CHARLES GILBERT DAVIS, on CAMP HYGIENE, MEDICINE AND SURGERY 

ONE BY 

COL. J. FRY LAWRENCE, on CAMP COOKERY, 

AND ONE BY 

FRANK F. FRISBIE on THE DIAMOND HITCH, or HOW TO LOAD A PACK HORSE 



This book should be in the library of every Sportsman, and will be sent, post-paid, on receipt 
of price, by the Author, 

Q. O. Shields, 19 W. 24th St., New York. 
Given as a Premium for Four Subscriptions to Recreation 



RECREA TION. 



497 



CAMP COMFORT. 

Next to a tent or a house, nothing can 
add more to the luxury of camp life than 
the Gold Medal Camp Furniture Co.'s fold- 
ing cot beds, folding chairs and folding 
tables. No family should ever go into camp 
without a complete outfit of these goods; 
and, where plenty of transportation can be 
afforded, no man or party of men should 
go without them. The old theory that peo- 
ple, on going into camp, must learn to 
rough it, has become unpopular. The mod- 
ern idea is to " smooth it " in camp as well 
as at home. Nothing can make camp life so 
smooth and so delightful as a good, com- 
fortable bed to lie on, or a good chair to 
sit on. Write the Gold Medal Camp Fur- 
niture Co., Racine, Wis., for a catalogue; 
then select the goods you want and order 
them. I have used these goods, many years, 
and am sure you will make no mistake in 
taking my advice. 



This has been a hard winter on game on 
account of the deep snow. Farmers report 
rinding grouse covered with snow and 
frozen. Some deer are reported to have 
been caught alive. 

In my last fall's hunt I got 7 deer and 
one elk. 

This has been a good winter for white 
owls and we have received numerous fine 
specimens. 

You might state in your list of guides, 
that the kind of game to be found about 
here is deer, geese, ducks, cranes and 
grouse. E. L. B., Warren, Minn. 



SUBURBAN ECSTASIES. 

" Do you like living in the country, Mrs. 
Plankwalks? " 

•' Yes; our hens lay such lovely eggs; 
any actor in the world might be proud to 
have them thrown at him." 



DOGS PREFERRED. 

" Other people's children are charming 
companions." 

"Yes; but when they get tiresome you 
can't take them by the neck and drop them 
out of the window." 



" The Beverty's dogs behave better than 
their children." 

"Yes; but then, you know, there are 
places where you can take dogs and pay to 
have them trained." 



" Do you have to study much at these 
summer schools? " 

"No; the brain is not active in hot 
weather." 

" Don't the professors complain? " 

" Not much; they are in the same fix." 



20 BOOKS - - 

ON 20 DIFFERENT SUBJECTS, 
BUT ALL RELATING TO SOME 
DELIGHTFUL PHASE OF 
AMERICAN TRAVEL, VIA 
"AMERICA'S GREATEST RAIL- 
ROAD." 

******** 



ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE SENT 
FREE, POST-PAID, ON RECEIPT 
OF A 1-CENT STAMP BY GEORGE 
H. DANIELS, GENERAL PASSENGER 
AGENT, NEW YORK CENTRAL 4. 
HUDSON RIVER RAILROAD, GRAND 
CENTRAL STATION, NEW YORK. 



SANFORD 

and SANFORD 

merchant tailors 
and Importers 



J76 FIFTH AVENUE 

Bet. 22d and 23d Sts. 

NEW YORK 



All the latest 

London fabrics 



u 



regularly imported 



PUBLISHER'S DEPARTMENT. 



AN IDEAL YACHT. 

The handsome steam yacht " Hiawatha," 
built last year for Mr. Charles Fleischmann,, 
of Cincinnati, a member of the New York, 
Atlantic, Larchmont and other yacht clubs, 
was found too small for his requirements, 
so he returned to the same builders and ob- 
tained what the experience of last summer's 
cruising had shown him he needed. This 
new steam yacht was built by the consoli- 
dated firms of the Gas Engine & Power 
Co., and Charles L. Seabury & Co., at Mor- 
ris Heights, this city, and was launched 
April 17th. 

The new " Hiawatha," for such is her 
name, is of steel, and a model of comfort, 
luxury and elegance, in combination with 
those features which gladden the yachts- 
man's heart — beauty, speed and stability. 
No device imaginable to make life safe and 
enjoyable, has been omitted in her design. 
Every detail has been carefully studied, 
and, as a result, something like the perfec- 
tion of modern marine architecture has 
been produced. 

The " Hiawatha " is 170 feet over all, 
138 feet on the water line, 21 feet beam 
and 8 feet draught. 

The machinery consists of a Seabury 
safety water-tube boiler and triple-ex- 
pansion engines, developing about 1,000 
horse-power. A speed of 18 miles an hour 
is guaranteed. The new " Hiawatha " will 
be seen in foreign as well as in American 
waters during the season. 



A CHANCE TO WIN $500. 

The Prize Competition which the Cen- 
tury Co. has planned is at once novel and 
instructive. Three examination papers are 
sent out and a month is allowed the com- 
petitors for work on each paper. For those 
who send the best answers there is a series 
of prizes running from $500 down to $10. 
The unique feature of the Competition, 
however, is in the further and special prize 
of $500 offered to the person who answers 
the questions in these examination papers 
from any 10 works of reference, other than 
the Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia. In 
fact, the offer goes beyond this, even, for 
the competitors are allowed to omit 10 per 
cent, of the regular questions. 

This offer was made to invite comparison 
between the Century and other works, and 
to prove the truth of the publishers' state- 
ment that "The Century more than takes 
the place of any 10 other works ever pub- 



lished." In making up the list of other 
works any encyclopedia, or any dictionary, 
or any other work in any number of vol- 
umes may be used and counted as one of 
the 10. 

Read the Century Company's ad. on page 
v. of this issue of Recreation and then 
write for full particulars, being careful to 
mention this magazine. 

Next fall, when you go into the woods, 
or mountains or on the duck marshes, you 
will need a sleeping bag. Now is a good 
time to be inquiring into the question as to 
which is the best one. Write F. C. Huyck 
& Sons, Albany, N. Y., for a descriptive 
circular of their bags. I have examined 
these carefully and have shipped out several 
of the bags, as premiums for clubs of sub- 
scribers. I can conscientiously say I have 
never seen a sleeping bag that appeared to 
me so nearly perfect as this one is. I de- 
vised a bag, years ago, made mainly of 
sheep skin, with the wool on; but the fine 
wool felt, of which the Kenwood bags are 
made, is far ahead of the sheep skin, in 
every way. Try one of these bags and see 
if you do not agree with me. Mention 
Recreation when you write. 



The Grand Rapids & Indiana Ry. Co. 
has issued a tasty little book, giving a map 
of the road and of the State of Michigan, 
with a list of trout streams reached by that 
system, and a synopsis of the Michigan fish 
laws. It is a valuable document for refer- 
ence and every angler should have a copy 
of it. Write C. L. Lockwood, G. P. & 
T. A., Grand Rapids, Mich. Mention 
Recreation and he will send you a copy, 
free. 



The Marlin Rust Repeller is one of the 
best brands of gun grease in the market 
It is indorsed by many of the most promi- 
nent sportsmen in the country. It is put 
up in handy collapsible tubes and sells at 
10, 15, 25 and 75 cents a package, according 
to size. Write the Marlin Arms Co., New 
Haven, Conn., for a descriptive circular, 
mentioning Recreation. 



The Hunt Hygienic Saddle, which has 
become so well known by reason of its 
basis of pliant leather thongs, is now made 
with padded top and spring pommel, af- 
fording a support which delicate persons 
appreciate in bicycling. 



DON'T FORGET TO SEND ME THAT 10 CENTS FOR RECREATION'S 

FRESH AIR FUND. 

498 



RECREA TION. 



499 



Send for Booklet on 




(£ajads 







HOW TO MAKE: 
AND DRESS THEM. 



kr'i 




Matted FREE 

qp. Amplication to 



E. R. DURKEE & CO. 

129 WATER STREET, NEW YORK 

44 DURKEE'S SALAD DRESSING," of which this little book is designed to show 
some of the innumerable uses, consists only of the very choicest ingredients which long 
experience and unlimited facilities in obtaining condiments from all over the world i an 
bring together. 4 ' Nothing too good " has been the motto. Its preparation is as careful 
and cleanly and unvarying as is humanly possible. It is a complete sauce in itself, 
and may be used either hot or cold, or may be taken as a basis in making certain other 
sauces — as "Devilled" Paste, ''Tartar Sauce," "Sauce Robert," etc., but rarely to be 
had in private houses, owing to the difficulty in making or procuring the necessary ingre- 
dients. Its many uses make it indispensable, not only to the tabic, but to the kitchen, and 
as well for regularly prepared meals and the impromptu chafing dish. Its value is that it 
is always ready, a veritable " friend in need." If it is in the house, you ha\ rfect 

mayonnaise, or a perfect sauce foundation at hand, without the labor of preparation. It is 
economical. You waste nothing. It is rich, nutritious, appetizing, and it may be modi- 
fied to suit every palate, retaining a distinct individuality and delicacy of flavor pecul- 
iarly its own and possessed by no other sauce. 



5°° 



R EC RE A TION. 



PUZZLE PAGE. 

Here is one new puzzle. Try your hand 
at it. A package of merchandise is offered 
each person who solves it. This offer is 
good until August 31, '97. 

Always state on what page the ad. is 
printed, which contains the involved word. 

HIDDEN LETTER PUZZLE. 

My first in salad you will find, 

My next in sauce will be, 

My third in mustard, and my fourth 

In ketchup you will see. 

My fifth is always found in spice, 

My sixth is seen in extracts nice. 

Where'er you see my whole impressed 

You'll know it marks the very best. 



ANOTHER HIT. 

Recreation is not the only thing that 
has made a hit, this year. There is one 
other. That is Recreation March. It 
was published in the April number of this 
magazine and already over 70,000 copies, in 
sheet music form, have been sold. Many 
of the leading bands and orchestras 
throughout the country are playing it, and, 
as a piano number, it is filling thousands 
of homes with delight. Sousa's band is 
playing it, on all occasions, and at a recent 
Sunday night concert, at the Broadway 
Theatre, responded to 3 encores before the 
audience — a large and fashionable one — 
would permit them to proceed to the next 
number. The 7th, 12th, 13th and 22d regi- 
ment bands played Recreation March in 
the Grant Memorial parade, while passing 
the grand stand, and the music was en- 
thusiastically applauded. 

Verily Recreation March is a great hit, 
as well as Recreation Magazine. 



I take great pleasure in reading Recrea- 
tion and wait anxiously for it each month, 
always finding something up-to-date for 
sportsmen. 

H. R. McM., D.D.S., Buffalo, N. Y. 



Your columns are filled with testimonials 
of the worth of Recreation, and " The half 
has not been spoken." May you live long 
and prosper. 

H. C. W., Friendship, N. Y. 



I read Recreation from one end to the 
other, every month, and think it is the best 
magazine of the kind I have ever seen. 

There is not much game in this locality, 
but we get a deer once in a while. I had 
the good fortune to kill 2 in October. 

R. E. H., Canyon City, Colo. 





^ONEITA 



Elastic Ribbed 

Union Suits 

arc complete undergar- 
ments covering the en- 
tire body like an addi- 
tional skin. Perfectly 
elastic, fitting like a 
glove, but softly and 
without pressure. No 
buttons down the front. 
Made for Men, Wom- 
en, and Young People. 
Most convenient to put 
on or off, being entered 
at top and drawn on 
like trousers. With no 
other kind of underwear can ladies obtain 
such perfect fit for dresses or wear comfort- 
ably so small a corset. 



Patented April 25, ^89j 



Send for Illustrated Booklet 



ONEITA KNITTING MILLS 



No. 1 Greene St 
New York 



~j. 



Qolf Hose 

AN OFFER TO RECREATION 
READERS 

No. 11. My price on this hose is $1.00 
a pair. No better can be bought in any 
city in the country for less money. It is 
made of best domestic wool, Scotch mixt- 
ure, gray and dark brown checks, cuff 
brown. A stylish but quiet combination, 
will look well with any suit, suitable for 
either lady or gentleman. Will not show 
dust ; in fact, in every respect I consider 
it the best $1.00 hose I have. 

To test Recreation as an advertising 
medium I will sell a quantity of this hose 
to readers of Recreation at 75 cents 
a pair, postpaid to any address in the 
United States or Canada, and I guarantee 
the hose to be just as represented. If 
not satisfactory I will return your money. 
Remember, the price of this hose is $1.00 
a pair and they will not be sold at one cent 
less except on orders received through 
this advertisement. Send money with 
order. If you wish to send me $1.00, for 

the extra 25 cents I will send you two pairs of socks, 

fancy color, summer weight, good value at 15 to 18 

cents a pair. State size. 

Remit by post-office order, currency, or postage 

stamps. Please do not send checks on local banks for 

small amounts. 

I refer to Preston National Bank, John L. Harper & 

Co., Bankers, Detroit, Mich., or editor of Recreation. 

GEO. F. WEBBER 

Dealer in all kinds of Hosiery 
DETROIT, MICH. 




RECREA TION. 



xvii 



TROUT FLIES. 

The celebrated Bradley Trout Flies will 
be supplied by 

Wm, Greenshields, Romeo, Michigan, 

at the following prices : Plain flies, 25 cents 
each ; pure gold, embossed, 50 cents each. 
These flies are made to order only. Guar- 
anteed to hold any weight of fish. Gut will 
neither split, break nor untie. The most suc- 
cessful flies ever used for trout, rainbow 
trout, grayling, salmon trout, Loch Leven 
trout, and ouananiche. 



GAME PHOTOGRAPHS. 

The finest series of Photographs of Live 
Wild Game in the world, 53 Deer, 13 Elk, 
13 Antelope, 30 Mountain Lion, 7 Wild Cat, 
1 Coyote, 3 Rattlesnake, 2 Sage Hens, 3 
Jack Rabbit, 2 Snow Shoe Rabbit, 1 Cotton- 
tail Rabbit, 1 Grouse, 11 Bear, 2 Ducks, 1 
Badger. 141 in the set; 53 — 8 x 10, Balance 
5x8, Prices — 5 x 8 — $3 a doz. — 8 x 10 — $6 
a doz. The set complete $40 — Unmounted 
$36. 

A, G. Wallihan, Lay, Routt Co., Colo. 



WHERE TO GET BIG GAME. 

Have you located your happy hunting 
ground for next fall? If not, I will agree 
to take you to moose, elk, deer, bear, plenty 
of mountain goats, fish and grouse galore, 
providing you wish my services as guide. 
Only 40 miles from the R. R. to the hunt- 
ing grounds. Good pack outfits, tents, 
etc. Horses good and gentle. Terms rea- 
sonable. Best of references; 18 years' ex- 
perience as guide. 

Vic Smith, Anaconda, Mont. 



Jas. L. McLaughlin: — Experienced 
Guide. Best references furnished. Elk, 
moose, deer, mountain sheep, antelope, 
lions, bear, sage hens and grouse. Best 
trout fishing in the country, within 10 min- 
utes walk of my ranch. Would take a few 
boarders. Tourist outfits furnished 
short notice. Address, 

Ishawood, Big Horn Co., Wyoming 



on 



ANY PARTY 

■wanting to see the 
National Park, 

or to hunt in the 

Teton or Jackson's Hole countries, 

should write me. 

These are the best big game ranges in the United States. 
Moose, elk, deer, bear, mountain sheep, mountain lions, and all 
kinds of small game abundant; also the best of trout fishing in the 
West. 

Have put in 16 years hunting, trapping-, and guiding in Wyo- 
ming, Idaho, and Montana, and know where to go for any kind of 
game you want. Write me and I will give you full particulars. 

GEORGE WINEGAR, St. Anthony, Fremont Co., Idaho 



For Sale. — 10 gauge Lefever hammerless, 
30-14-224, $200 grade. Full choke; a splen- 
did gun for ducks or for trap shooting. 
Good condition; $40.00 cash. A bargain 
for some one. E. W. Smith, 

404 D. S. Morgan Bldg., Buffalo, N. Y. 



A Ball of Fire is the FIRE BALL 

Not only a danger 
signal for the back of 
the bicycle, but the 
finest kind of a lamp 
for the front. The 
smallest, lightest lamp 
on the market. No extra 
parts, and nothing to get 
out of order. Practically a 
solid ball of drawn brass, 
with large cut-glass white 
jewel in front, green ones at 
the side, and red danger 
signal in the rear. En- 
dorsed by the bicycle police 
of New York. Price,"$2.00. 
By mail, prepaid, if not obtainable of your dealer. 

m Cycle Danger Signal Co.;i07 Cnaifiers St., New York City 




KAREZZA 



ETHICS 

OF 

MARRIAGE. 

A bold, brave book teaching ideal marriage, rights oi 
the unborn child,a designed and controlled maternity. 

Union Signal : Thousandsof women have blessed 
Dr. Stockham for Tokology, thousands of men and 
women will bless her for Karezza. 

Arena : Karezza is worth its weight in gold. 
Sample pages free. Agents Wanted. Prepaid $1.00. 
ALICE B. STOCKHAM & CO., 277 MADISON ST., CHICAGO. 



I have a Stevens Ideal rifle, with combi- 
nation ivory front sights, Lyman combina- 
tion rear sight, and with the ordinary rifle 
sights, in addition. It uses a cartridge of 
32 calibre, containing 25 grains of powder, 
nitro or black, and using a bullet of 75 or 
225 grains. Would trade or sell; any rea- 
sonable offer considered. Would exchange 
for a Winchester or Marlin, of any calibre 
over 45-70. The rifle cost $28. 

Dr. J. S. Kennedy, Chambersburg, Pa. 



Would like to exchange a new 32 Win- 
chester, 14 shot, for a 22 lb. bicycle, in good 
order. The rifle is in perfect condition, 
with case and shoulder straps. 

C. Ballentine, Summit, N. J. 



For Sale.— Marlin Repeating Rifle, 1893 
model, good condition, $10. 

E. S. T., care Recreation. 



The only game we have here is reed 
birds, rails, partridges, a few ducks, rab- 
bits, squirrels, smelt and eels. 

F. G. S.. Jr., Hackensack, N. J. 




AlCO 

Vapor 

" Hunting 

Lanncb. 



(The hit of the Sportsman's show.) Motor controlled from bow. 
Valve movement. 12 to I. 16 to 60 ft. Launches. Twin Screws a 
specialty. 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 12. 14, and 20 h. p. No licensed engineer or 
pilot required. Speed and Safety guaranteed. No dangerous 
Naphtha or Gasoline used. Xo disagreeable vibration Send Ten 
Cents in Stamps for 1897 Catalogue. 
MARINE VAPOR ENGINE CO., ft. Jersey Atc, Jency City, N. J. 



XV111 



RECREA TION. 



! 





^H/LE YOM 



Mends While You Ride 



Every puncture or leak, in any single tube tire, 
caused by anything from a carpet tack to a tenpenny 
nail, is instantly and permanently healed by 



l PUNCTUROID 



A fluid injected into 
the tire, through the 
valve, with your bi- 
cycle pump. Guar- 
anteed harmless to the tire, and we will replace, with a new 
tire, any that PUNCTUROID injures in any degree. 



PRICE, $I.OO A CAN, SUFFICIENT FOR BOTH TIRES 

Puncturoid Manufacturing Company 

£ 482 Boylston Street, Boston or 152 Madison Street, Chicago 

^T Factory, Chelsea, Mass. 






I 



4^%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%^ 



RECREATION. 



xix 



You Get 

the Profits 

Of Dealers, Agents, Jobbers 
and Middlemen by buying di- 
rect from the manufacturer. 




No better wheel made than the 

Acme Bicycle 

Built in our own factory by 
skilled workmen, using the best 
material and the most improved 
machinery. We have no agents 
Sold direct from factory to the 
rider, fully warranted. Shipped 
anywhere for examination. 

WRITE FOR 

Our Interesting Offer 

Acme Cycle Co., Elkhart, Ind. 



XX 



RECREA TIOJV. 



The Megaphone 



A NOVEL DEVICE FOR 
TALKING ATA DISTANCE 




Will carry the voice distincly two 
miles. Is used with great success 
by announcers at Athletic meets, 
Fairs, etc. Is of great value at sea- 
shore and mountains. It is strongly 
made and there's nothing to get 
out of order. 

*5 in*' $ *'cS Sent °- °- D ' or on 

30 in*. 3! 50 receipt of price 

HARVEY & LEWIS, Opticians, HARTFORD, CONN. 



Prices as follows 



I have been reading Recreation 2 years, 
and it outclasses any magazine I have ever 
read. 

The duck shooting was not first-class 
here last spring, but we had some good 
snipe shooting in April. 

J. F. F., Burlington, la. 



I let some sportsmen friends read a copy 
of my Recreation, and by so doing have 
secured 3 subscribers. They say the tempta- 
tion to subscribe was irresistible, as they en- 
joyed reading it better than all the other 
literature they had ever read. 

R. R. C, Millington, Conn. 




COPYRIGHT 



AND CAMP. 

OUTFITS 

We manufacture the largest and most 
complete line of tents in the country, 
and our goods are celebrated for their 
wearing and waterproof qualities. 

Send 4 cents in stamps for our new 
40-page illustrated catalogue showing 
all styles of Tents and Camp furniture. 

GEO. B. CARPENTER & CO. 

202 to 210 S. Water Street, CHICAGO 

Established 1840. 



Use 




Beforehand 



Then ride your wheel in safety* 
It absolutely prevents punctures, 
We guarantee tires that contain 
Plugine, Easy to apply, Sent 
postpaid on receipt of $L00, 
The National Specialty CO., 

91 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio. 



High 
Grade 




Bicycles 

for Men,Women,Girls & 



.Boys. Complete line at 
llo west prices ever quoted 
1$ 100 'Oak wood' for$45.O0 
'$85 •Arlington' " $37.50 
$55 " " $25.00 

$20 Bicycle « $10.75 

$75 'flajvrood' Simplest, Strongest Bicycle on Earth " $32.00 
Fully guaranteed. Shipped anywhere C.O.D. with privi- 
lege to examine. No money in advance. Buy direct from 
manufacturers, save agents and dealers profits. Large 
illustrated catalosrue free. Address (in full), 
CashBuyers'Union,162W.VanBurenSt.B359Chicago 



JiiimiiiiigiiiiiiiifiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitntiiiHiiUlL. 

I tribune I 
I Bicycles I 




| Cbe Best in tbe (Uorld ! 

5 Send for Catalogue 

THE BLACK MFG. CO. 
ERIE, YA.WVT 

Z Mention Recreation. 

•fllllllllllllllllHIIIIIIIMIIIIIIIIIIIIIIHIIIIIIHIIIIIHIIIItlllin 



RECREATION. 



xxi 



MP 



I 



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K5^@Sg 



f ':' ; - ; . : .7///''' .■■Ifflii&i 



a. 



WINNERS 




<£y 



THE HARTFORD RUBBER WORKS C« 




BRANCHES 



WA'RXFQRR CONN. 

[NEW*YORK T . BOSTON. CHfCAGO. 

PHHADELPHIA. MINNEAPOLIS. TORONTO. 




@K 






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XX11 



RECREA TION. 




Insist on a Genuine Hunt 
free with your new wheel. 






Padded Hygienic 
Saddles Excel in Ease. 

The famous saddle with leather strands, now 
made with padded cover, lifting rider com- 
pletely above the pommel of the saddle. 

Can be had of any cycle dealer or send for catateg S. 
Hunt Mfg. Co., Westboro, Mass. 




OREGON SHORT LINE R.R. 



Operating J, 42 J miles of railroad, through 
the thriving States of UTAH, IDAHO, WY- 
OMING, OREGON and MONTANA. 

The short line to BUTTE and HELENA, 
MONTANA? BOISE CITY, IDAHO; 
PORTLAND, OREGON, and the North 
Pacific Coast. 

The Popular Line to all Utah Mining Dis- 
tricts. The only Road to Mercur, the Johan- 
nesburg of North America. 

The Fastest Service, in connection with the 
UNION PACIFIC SYSTEM, to all points 
Wert. 

Buy your Tickets to the West and North- 
west via the OREGON SHORT LINE, the 
Fastest and Best RaSroad. 



General Offices, 20 J S.Main St., Salt Lake City 



D. E. BURLEY 

Gen' l Pass, and Ticket Agent 



S. W. ECCLES 

Gen' l Traffic Man. 

W. H. BANCROFT 

Vice-President and General Manager 



Do You Travel ? 



KW pok mnm 




SHIP YOUR WHEEL IN THE 

5treat Collapsible 
Bicycle Crate 

Always ready for use. 

Can crate your wheel in less than five 
minutes without the aid of a single tool, 
with pedals and all on. 

Price, $4 ; with Canvas Curtains, $6 



BOOKLET FREE 



HERBERT G. STREAT, Manufacturer 

281 West 128th Street, New York 



NOVA SCOTIA'S FULL OF FISH 

Ever tried Tusket or Maitland River for 
trout ? There's famous fishing there. No- 
thing in the United States compares with it. 
The Tasket region is just back of Yar- 
mouth ; Maitland River is a little farther in. 
It's a quick sail from Boston to Yarmouth — 
only 17 hours. 

A PERFECT VACATION LAND 

is Nova Scotia, whether you want to fish, 
boat, or just loaf— delightful climate, fine 
scenery, good roads, and there's boating 
everywhere, and it's 

A DELIGHTFUL TRIP 

going by the steamers " Boston " or "Yar- 
mouth," of the Yarmouth Steamship Co., 
the finest and fastest steamers leaving Boston. 
They leave Pier l, Lewis Wharf, Boston, 
every Tuesday and Friday at 12 o'clock, 
noon, during April, May, and June. Com- 
mencing June 24, they will leave every 
Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, and Friday at 
12 o'clock, noon. " Beautiful Nova Scotia," 
our new 1897 Guide Book, handsome, en- 
tertaining, profusely illustrated, sent on re- 
ceipt of 10 cents. For folders and informa- 
tion, write 

J. F. SPINNEY, Agent 

YARMOUTH STEAMSHIP CO. 

43 LEWIS WHARF 



RECREATION. 



XXlll 



THE BANNER 



Is the Cycle Lamp for '97. 
$0^50 

WITH RIGID BALL-SOCKET 
BRACKET LIKE COT. 




5J^ IN. HIGH 

HANDSOME ! 
PRACTICAL! HONEST! 

A powerful light-thrower, having a 
3-Inck Double-Convex Polished Optical Lens. 

REVERSIBLE OIL POT. 

POSITIVE WICK LOCK. 

WON'T JOLT OR BLOW OUT. 

Burns kerosene. Solid Brass, heavily nickelled ; 
no solder. $2.50 like cut. attachment for head 
or forks. $2.50 with spring bracket. Sent, car- 
riage paid, on receipt of price, when not kept by 
dealers. Send for illustrated catalogue. 

& Y „ ork - PLUME &ATWOOD MFG. CO. 

Chicago. Factories: Waterbury and Thomaston, Conn. 



Swif t and Sure 



*^ 



>^r* 




"Get there and get back. 



Ig^GjOEKjT 



THE PUNCTURE DOCTOR, 
REPAIRS TIRES. "SURE THINS." 

A " Tip on Tires " sent free. 

Stores : 

Boston, Baltimore, Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland, 

Denver, Detroit, Indianapolis, St Louis, 

San Francisco, Toledo. 



25 Parkj 
Place, 



NEW YORK BELTING ^PACKING CO.LTO 



New 
York. 



A GEM 
AMONG JEWELS 

In appearance a jewel may be perfect — in reality, 

imperfect. It is so with a bicycle. Paint covers a multitude 

of sins, but will not insure safety against flaws or imperfections* 



€> 



E^ 



3 
9 

§ 

(1 
9 

9 
9 
9 
I 
9 
9 
9 
I 



4 



■<s 



w%$s 



on a Howard Cycle is a guarantee of Howard 
perfection, backed by an old and honorable firm 

THE HOWARD CYCLE $ 1 f\(\ 

Men's and Women's Models > \J \J 

THE HOWARD $ \ /T A 
TANDEM \ QVJ 



The E. Howard Watch & Clock Co., 383 Washiwgton St., Boston. 41 Maiden Lane, New York 



XXIV 



RECREATION. 



AMERICAN GAME FISHES. 

Their Habits, Habitat and Peculiarities. How, When and 
Where to Angle for Them. 




0) 

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— WRITTEN BY — 

A. N. Cheney, J. G. A. Creighton, W. N. Haldeman, Francis Endicott, Prof. G. Brown Goode, F. 
H. Thurston ("Kelpie"), Rev. W. H. H. Murray, Rev. Luther Pardee, 
S. C. Clarke, W. D. Tomlin, Fred. Mather, and others. 

Edited by G. O. SHIELDS (" COQUINA "), 

Autfaor of "Cruisings in the Cascades," "Rustlings in the Rockies," " Hunting in the Great West," "The 
Battle of the Big Hole," " Camping and Camp Outfits," etc. 



RECREA TION. 



XXV 



"The Excellent is the Permanent " f 

So says TENNYSON, and so says Nature. 
Fine things are lasting things. 
IRON rusts, STONE crumbles to dust, while 
GOLD remains untarnished for ages. 
FINE is not synonymous with FRAIL. 
In its class the FINEST is always the FIRMEST, 
The SOLIDEST, the STRONGEST, the most DURABLE. 
DIAMOND is harder than glass because it is FINER. 
A PERSIAN rug outwears a JAPANESE jute one, because it is FINER. 
MAHOGANY outlasts HEMLOCK, because it is FINER. 
So it is with DESKS, LIBRARY, and OFFICE FURNITURE. 
Those made from poor materials are sure to be FRAIL, not FINE. 
Only FINE DESKS, TABLES, CHAIRS, ETC., can be STRONG, 

FIRM, and DURABLE. £ 

They cost but little more, are worth a great deal more. J 

GEO. W. COBB, Jr. \ 

Successor to TUFTS & COBB J| 

73 NASSAU STREET, NEW YORK \ 



" Can you ride a wheel, Joe? " 
" No; but I can stick on to one while it 
is running away." 



The South Brooklyn Wheelmen intend 
moving into the house adjoining their pres- 
ent quarters, No. 476 Ninth Street, which 
is better adapted to their needs. 



A wheelman has figured out that the 
States which are talking of seceding from 
the L. A. W. represent a membership of 
only 7,500 out of a total of 75,000. 



The Quill Club wheelmen will run 2 
meets during the year, one possibly early in 
June. 



The difficulty between the Cycle Board of 
Trade and the Cycle Clubs, of Brooklyn, 
over the possession of the old Thirteenth 
Regiment armory, has been decided by the 
courts in favor of the tradesmen. 



" Why do we call the bicycle the silent 
steed?" 

" We don't — unless it belongs to a man." 




A Trial will Convince You that 

GOLDEN SCEPTRE 



SMOKING TOBACCO 

I Is Almost Perfection. "We will send on receipt 
I of 10c. a sample to any address. Prices of Golden 
I Sceptre, 1 lb., $1.30 ; M lb., 40 cts. , postage paid. 

CATALOGUE FREE. 

SURBRUG, 159 Fulton Street, New York 



XXVI 



.RECREATION. 



Built 
To Sit 
On 

Not to 
Straddle 



1125. Wheeler 




Reform 
Saddle 



The only saddle that leaves the rider free from saddle 
soreness after a long ride. Will not sag out of shape 
after long use. Comfortable all the time. Specially 
recommended for ladies and endorsed by prominent 
physicians. Insist on having it on your wheel. Write 
The Wheeler Saddle Company, i"86 Larned Street, 
Detroit, Mich., for free catalogue. 




Saddles 



PATENTED JUNE 11, 1896. 

AUTOMATIC, 

PNEUMATIC 

CYCLE 

Are perfection in Bicycle Seats. You sit on two air-cushions which 
automatically adjust themselves to the rider hy means of a small tube 
that connects the two cushions. Made in four styles. Price. $5.00. 
Do not buy an imitation. Demand "THE CRAIG." Write for 1897 
Catalogue BEFORE YOU PURCHASE. 

CRAIG CYCLE SADDLE CO., 
Agents Wanted. 347 Essex St., Lawrence, Mass. 



EMBOSSED SHEET-STEEL 
ft* 



oTt there DUCK BOATS 



FOR THE MILLION 




14 reet long- 

36 inch beam 



Furnished with seat, 
oars, etc. 



Will not crack open. No repairs. Will safely carry two men with guns, etc. Painted a dead grass color. 
Guaranteed to be first-class in every way. PRICE TWENTY DOLLARS. Correspondence solicited. 

W. H. MULLINS, 228 DEPOT STREET, SALEM, OHIO 



Sectional View 





Don't believe imitators of "HENDRYX" standard 
goods when they say their Fishing Reels "are NOW 
as good as HENDRYX". The fact that they 

imitate proves the '"HENDRYX" i s the recognized 
standard line of Fishing Reels. Ask your dealer for 



Globe Bearing. 



them. 
The Andrew b. Henoryx Co. 




New Haven, Conn., U. S. A. 



J. B. CROOK & CO. Established 1837 

1180 Broadway, Cor. 28th Street 

ll a p n o U r f fe C rs U of rS aUd NEW Y0I * K CITY, U.S.A. 

HIGHEST FISHING HIGHEST 
GRADE TAfKLF GRADE 

SPECIALTIES FOR 1896 

Featherweight Rods, Aluminum Reels 
Trout and Salmon Flies 

The only Waterproof Fly Lines : The London Black 
or Trout, Salmon, and Black Bass. 
Send for catalogue. Mention Recreation 




LYMAN'S RIFLE SIGHTS. 

Send for 96 Page Catalogue of 

Sights ant Fine 

WILLIAM LYMAN, Middlefield, Conn. 



600 SECOND HAND BICYCLES 

All makes. $5 to $15. New High 
Grade '96 models, fully guaranteed, 
8&17to$25. Special Clearing Sale. 
Shipped anywhere on approval. 

Earn a Bicycle by helping 
advertise us. Easy work, sure reward. 
Write at once for our Special Offer* 

2>. P. MEAD & PRENTISS, CHICAGO. 




RECREATION. 



XXVll 



C.v 



4 



A 



ZOt 



\ 



V^ 



There's no more pleasurable sensation 
than riding along a good, smooth road at 
a lively clip on a bicycle in which you 
have perfect confidence. 

The Stearns is a wheel to be trusted. 
On the level, it runs without an effort; 
the labor of an up-hill climb is lessened 
by its lightness and ease of running; 
down the hill, over stones and "thank- 
you-mums" its strength comes into play. 

For an all 'round wheel you cannot do 
better than buy a Yellow Fellow; you 
may easily do worse. 

E. C. STEARNS & COMPANY, 
Syracuse, N. Y. Buffalo, N. Y. 

Toronto, Ont. san Francisco, Cal, 

TINKHAM CYCLE COMPANY, 

New York Agents, Nos. 306-310 West 59th St 



XXV111 



RECREA TION. 



Cut this out and save It. It will not appear again. 



• vui i/uia uuv .uiu save iv. xt wm uu 

$5,242.50 



1,000 



HOW TO GET 
A PRIZE 



GIVEN 
AWAY 

FOR 25 GENTS. 

celebrated. Every person who enters into the con- 
test for one of the prizes can rest assured that 
they will get just and impartial treatment. 

Every prize in the above schedule is standard value 
and is now in our office and paid for, ready for de- 
livery as soon as the judges decide the winners. 

The person sending us the larg- 
est list of words spelled from the 
letters in "Enthusiastic" will be 
awarded the Beautiful Upright 
Wing Piano, valued at $700.00. The person sending 
the second largest list, 1 set of Century Dictionary, 
10 vols., with haudsome Oak Stand. The third 
largest list, 1 Worcester Bicycle ; the fourth, 1 
Monarch Bicycle; the fifth, 1 White Bicycle; the 
sixth, 1 Racyfle; the seventh, 1 set Standard Dic- 
tionary (2 vols.); the eighth. 1 Webster's Una- 
bridged Dictionary, latest edition. The next 100 
lai gest lists, $5.00 each, and the next 100 largest lists. 
$4.00 each, and the next 100 largest lists, $3.00 each; 
the next 100 largest lists, a 12-yard Organdie Dress 
Pattern, worth $5.00 each; the next 00 largest lists, 
a 12-yard Grenadine Dress Pattern, worth $5.00 each; 
the next 167, each 1 Kombi Camera, $3.00 each; the 
next 125 largest lists, $2.00 each. 

These prizes will be given free and without con- 
sideration. To compete for a prize you must send 
*5 cents in silver or stamps, and for that 25 cents we 
will send Woman's World and Jenness Miller 
Monthly three months. It is a most fascinating 
study to make up the list of words and a source of 
pride to have won in a contest of this kind. J hia 
contest will close July 19. No one will be allowed 
to compete for a prize unless they have paid 25 
cents for a three months' subscription. There are 
1,000 prizes. They will be fairly and honestly 
awarded by the judges above named. These 
prizes are all exactly as represented and have an 
actual value of over five thousand dollars, and 
every prize WILL BE GIVEN AWAY. The 
names of the winners— and your name can be one 
of them if you try— will appear in the next number 
of our great paper after the awards are made. 
THERE WILL BE l.OOO WHO WILL WIN. 
Isn't it worth your while to try for the Piano or 
one of the Wheels, or the splendid Dictionaries, or 
one of the other premiums? In subscribing for our 
paper you know that you will get fair and honor- 
able treatment. Send 25 cents to-day for a THREE 
months' subscription. An opportunity like this 
will not occur again. Do not miss it. Remit in 
stamps or silver, money order or registered letter. 
Address 

WOMAN'S WORLB, 
32. 24. 26 No. William Street. N. Y. 
Dept. No. 149. 

N. B.— If you prefer full rules ana regulations 
send 25 cents NOW for three months' subscription, 
and we will send you full instructions and a coupon 
of Free Entry for your list when completed. 

References— Any mercantile agency, any news- 
paper in the United States, or ask your New York 
friend to call and see us. 

AN EXTRA FREE PRESENT. If you send at once, and mention Recrea- 
tion, we will send you free, by return mail, a charming 200-page book, " Treasure 
Island," by Robert Louis Stevenson. 



Who can form the greatest number of words from 
the letters in ENTHUSIASTIC ? 

Do not use any letter more times than it appears 
in the word. Use no language except English. 
Words spelled alike, but with different meaning, 
can be used but once. Use any dictionary. Pro- 
nouns, nouns, verbs, adverbs, prefixes, suffixes, 
adjectives, proper nouns allowed. Anything that 
is a legitimate word will be allowed. Work it out in 
this manner. E.. Eat, Eats, Nat, Nut, Nuts, Net, 
Nets, Tat. Sat, Set, Hat, Hats, etc. Use these words 
in your list. 

The publishers of Woman's World and Jenness 
Miller Monthly will give the following presents 
absolutely free to those making the largest lists: 

1,000 Prizes: 

1 Beautiful Rosewood Upright Wing Piano, $700.00 
1 Set Century Dictionary, 10 Vols., Half 

Morocco 130.00 

1 Worcester Bicycle, High Grade, '97 Model, 

Ladies' or Gentlemen's. 125. 00 

1 Monarch Bicycle. High Grade, '97 Model, 

Ladies' or Gentlemen's 100.00 

1 White Bicycle, High Grade, '97 Model, 

Ladies' or Gentlemen's 100.00 

1 Racycle, High Grade, '97 Model, Ladies' 

or Gentlemen's 100.00 

1 Set Stand ard Dictionary, 2 Vols 26.00 

' 1 Webster's Dictionary, latest edition 10.50 

lOOCash Prizes— $5 each 50000 

100 " " $4 " 40000 

100 " " $3 " 300.00 

100 Dress Patterns, Organdies, 12 yds. each, 

$5 per pattern 500.00 

300' Dress Patterns, Grenadines, 12 yds. each, 

$5 per pattern 1,500.00 

167 Kombi Cameras, value $3 each 501.00 

125 Cash prizes of $2 each 250.00 



1,000 Prizes. Value, $5,242.50 

Why we give the rewards.— It is done to attract 
attention to Woman's World and Jenness Miller 
Monthly, a beautiful, practical magazine for 
women and the home; edited by Mrs. B. A. Whitney, 
assisted by Dinah Sturgis, Sally Van Rensselaer, 
Helen Whitney Clark, and others; 36 pages; pro- 
fusely illustrated with original matter by the 
ablest artists and writers in literature; three great 
serial stories always running. Yearly subscription 
price, $1.00. 

The reputation of men 
of sterling integrity and 
one of the oldest and best 
ladies' publications in the 
country is staked on the 
honesty of this proposition. The men who will de- 
cide who win the prizes are known to everybody 
throughout the world, whose ability, worth and in- 
tegrity are unquestioned. The Board of Award is 
Rev. Joseph Sanderson, D.D., author, scholar and 
divine; Horatio Alger, Jr., an author whose name 
needs no comment, and John Habberton, equally 



MEN OF NATIONAL 

REPUTATION WILL 

AWARD THE PRIZES. 



" Do you really enjoy shooting? " 
" Why, yes, of course," said the dear 
girl, who had lately bought a light rifle 
and a lovely pair of hunting bloomers. 
" Every time I manage to kill a rabbit or 
a poor little bird I have just the loveliest 
cry imaginable." — " Indianapolis Journal." 



Recreation is better every month, and 
I only wish it would come weekly instead of 
monthly. W. A. K., New York City. 



ALUMNIM 

Chain Guard 



For Ladies' bicycles. Light, strong, ornamental. No 
more torn or greasy dresses. No troublesome lacing. 
No accidents. Infinitely superior to old style guards. 
Weight only 7 oz. Fits any wheel. Sent prepaid any= 
where in U. S. on receipt of $1.50. Circulars free. 
The Turner Brass Works, 163 Kinzie St., Chicago. 



RECREATION. 



XXIX 



Ok Png 
Piano 



<$<# STYLE 7 




You do not have to 
pay an extravagant 
price for a first- 
class piano ««««««« 



In justice to your- 
self write for prices 
of the Wing Piano 
before you buy «««« 




The Instrumental Attachments 

imitates perfectly the tone of the Mandolin, Guitar, Harp, Zither and Banjo, 
giving the effect of an entire orchestra of these instruments playing in concert 
with the piano «^ «^ j&j&jt 

SENT 0N TRIAL *& ^ e w '^ senc * * ms P iano » or y° ur choice of four other styles, 

— . to any part of the United States On Trial (all freights 

paid by us), allow ample time for a thorough examination and trial in the home, and, 
if the instrument is at all unsatisfactory, we will take it back at our own expense. No 
conditions are attached to this trial. We ask no advance payment; no deposit. We 
pay all freights in advance. 

OLD INSTRUMENTS EXCHANGED 
EASY PAYMENTS 

OUR BOOK should be in the hands of every one who intends to buy a piano. It contains many 
valuable hints and instructions, and tells a great many things every buyer ought to know. We will send 
it free with our catalogue to any one who writes us. 

^ WING & SOW 443 and 445 West I3th st *> N - Y * City 

^ 1W ^ ** W\/X1 i ESTABLISHED 1868 



XXX 



RECREA TION. 



ummer Homes 
and Resorts 



ALONG THE == 



Lehigh Valley 
Railroad 

%\ the Historic Valleys and Romantic 
Mountains of Pennsylvania or Anono 
Picturesque Lakes of New York State. 



Convenient Train Service | 
Delightful Climate j 



and sverythincj combined conducive to r he rem- 
fort and well beinq of the sojourner. 



NEW YORK Of FICr„ 3.-5 Broadway 

BUFFALO OFFICF, Ccr. Main & Seneca Sta. 

Send for beartifuilv iliu ,ir<«ttc' printed maimer to 

CHAS. S. t/RU, General Passenger Agert 

Phi1adelt>h<f«,Pa. 




....FISHING.... 
AND HUNTING 
....REGIONS.... 
...OF MAINE... 



REACHED BY THE 



Bangor & Aroostook Railroad 



The lakes and ponds teem with the most gamy 
of game fish; the speckled square-tailed trout, 
salmon, pickerel and togue. 
Visit such places as the 

MOOSEHEAD LAKE REGION 
PENOBSCOT RIVER REGION 
BIG MACHIAS LAKES 
FISH RIVER REGION 
AROOSTOOK RIVER REGION 
THE KATAHDIN PONDS 
The Sportsmen's Paradise of the World ! . 

The shipment of game by visiting sportsmen from 
our stations greater than from all New England put 
together. , 

Shipped in October, November and Deeember, 
1896 : 2,245 Deer, 133 Moose, 130 Caribou, 15 Bears. 

Through trains with Pullman Buffet Cars into the 
very heart of the wilderness. For an illustrated guide 
book, containing maps, rates of fare, etc., enctose two 
2C stamps to the General Passenger Agent. 

F. W. CRAM 

Vice President and General Manager 

GEO. M. HOUGHTON 

General Passenger and Ticket Agent 

General Offices, Bangor, Me. 



{ Vacation Days ? 

In the lake regions of Wisconsin, Northern L 



t 

t 

S 
t 
j 
t 
j 
I 

I 

i 



regions 1 

Michigan, Minnesota, Iowa, and South Dakota, 
along the lines of 



<£ fMlLWAUKiii, 

A /°§TPAl/Z 



<# 



Ssu 



are hundreds of charming localities pre-emi- 
nently fitted for summer homes, nearly all 
of which are on or near lakes which have 
not been fished out. These resorts range in 
variety from the " full dress for dinner " to the 
flannel shirt costume for every meal. If you 
are planning a vacation trip for the coming 
summer, send a two-cent stamp for a copy of 
" Vacation Days," giving description of the 
country traversed by the lines of the Chicago, 
Milwaukee, and St. Paul Railway, and a list of 
summer hotels and boarding houses, with rates 
for board, to 

GEO. H. HEAFFORD 

General Passenger Agent CHICAGO, ILL. 



UNEQUALED 
ATTRACTIONS 



ON THE LINE OF THE 



Union pacific 



FOR TOURISTS 

It traverses the Grandest Scenery of 
the Rocky Mountains, and reaches all 
the Health and Pleasure Resorts of 
the Mid-Continent. 



wrftjN^ 



Sportsmen 



will find in scores of local- 
ities along this line game 
worthy of their skill, such as 
Bear, Mountain Lion, Coyotes, Elk, Deer, Ante- 
lope, Mountain Sheep, Feathered Game of all 
kinds. And everywhere are Beautiful Streams 
well stocked with Trout. 



For Gun Club Rules, Game Laws, and any in- 
formation relative to localities for Hunting-, or for 
information in regard to the UNION PACIFIC 
SYSTEM, call on or address any General or 
Traveling Agent of this Company. 

R. TENBROECK, Gen'l Eastern Agent, 

287 Broadway, New York City 

E. DICKINSON, E. L. LOMAX, 

Gen'l Manager, Gen'l Pass. & Tk*. Agt., 

Omaha, Neb. 



RECREATION. 



XXXI 



Amateur Photographers 



WILL FIND THAT THE 



R2ULROAD 

Presents most delightful and varied Scenery 
for Photographing and Sketching. Its 
Mountains, Woodlands, Streams, Lakes, 
and Valleys, provide subjects for an 

Infinite Uarirty of Pictorial Gems « « « « 

THE HUDSON RIVER 

THE CATSKILL MOUNTAINS 

THE MOHAWK VALLEY 
THE NIAGARA FALLS 

AH contribute to make this the most desirable route 
for persons of artistic temperament. 



Five elegant Fast Trains with through Sleeping Cars 
to Kingston, Albany, Utica, Syracuse, Roches- 
ter, Niagara Falls, Toronto, Cleveland, 
Detroit, Chicago, and St. Louis. 



DIRECT ROUTE to the Adirondacks, making 
close connections with railways, steamers, aad stages 
for all the choice hunting and fishing grounds of that 
delightful region. 

For information, address 

H.B. JAQOE.GE. Pass. Afft. J.WOLFE.Gen. Agt. 
363 Broadway, New York Albany, N. Y. 

C. E. LAMBERT, Gen. Pass. Agent 

5 Vanderbilt Avenue, New York 

How a Donkey 

Found a Mine 

The history of mine discoveries, in the 
West, is full of strange and amusing in- 
cidents. Many of the most celebrated mines 
or ledges have been found by accident. Some 
of these accidental discoveries are laughable 
in the extreme. One of them occurred in 
connection with the discovery of one of the 
richest mines in the Cceur 'd'Alene country, in 
Idaho. In this case a common donkey, or 
jackass, or "burro," as one chooses to term 
it, was credited with the finding of the mine. 

The Northern Pacific Railway's finely illus- 
trated tourist book, Wonderland '97, has a 
chapter on mining in the West, in which the 
incident alluded to is given. It shows how, 
from slight or trivial things, great results 
may flow. There are also articles on Yellow- 
stone Park, Alaska, Cattle Raising, etc. By 
sending six cents in postage stamps to Chap. 
S. Fee, Gen. Pass. Agent, St. Paul, Minn., 
anyone can obtain a copy of this book. It is 
full of historical fact and descriptive narra- 
tive and is valuable as a school text-book. 



...Co "tbc" Pleasure Resorts of... 

Cexas and Gulf of Mexico 



TAKE_ 




Via CHICAGO, KANSAS CITY, or 
ST. LOUIS 

WAGNER BUFFET SLEEPERS 

FREE " KATY » CHAIR CARS 

For further information, address 

W. S. ST. GEORGE, Gen. East. Agt. 
409 Broadway, New York 

THE... 

ADIRONDACK... 



in 



MOUNTAINS ^tws 

"THE GREAT NORTH WOODS." 

A marvelous wilderness, abounding in beauti- 
ful lakes, rivers and brooks, filled with the great- 
est variety of fish. 

An immense extent of primeval forest, where 
game of all kinds is to be found. 

This wonderful region— located in Northern 
New York— is reached from Chicago by all lines, 
in connection with the New York Central ; from 
St. Louis by all lines in connection with the New 
York Central ; from Cincinnati by all lines in 
connection with the New York Central ; from 
Montreal by the New York Central ; from Bos- 
ton by a through car over the Boston & Albany, 
in connection with the New York Central ; from 
New York by the through car lines of the New 
York Central ; from Buffalo and Niagara Falls 
by the Naw York Central. 



A 32-page folder and map entitled " The Adirondack 
Mountains and How to Reach Them " sent free, post- 
paid, to any address, on receipt of a i-cent stamp by 
George H. Daniels, General Passenger Agent New 
Y®rk Central & Hudson River Railroad, Grand Cen- 
tral Static* , New York. 



xxxu 



RECREATION. 



You can't 

make a white plume 
from a crow's tail 




The 
Monarch 

is good 

all through 



Look under the Enamel 



MONARCH CYCLE MFG. CO. 

Chicago New York London 



RECREA TION. 



XXXlll 



ASHLAND 
HOUSE. 



FOURTH AVE. 
and 24th ST. 

Two blocks from 
Madison Sq. Garden 



...HEADQUARTERS FOR SPORTSMEN 

American and m 

European Plan 

RATES: 

Rooms, with board, $2.00, $2.50 and $3.00 per day 
Rooms, without board, - $1.00 and upwards 
Breakfast, 75 cents 

Lunch, - - - • 50 " 

Table d' Hote Dinner, - 75 ** 



No Fire, Smoke, or Heat. Absolutely <T Of" n OMf | ,. n 
Safe. Send 5 Stamps for Catalogue. 4>/jU ClllU LI IJ 




TRUSCOTT BOAT MFG. CO. Drawer H, St. Joseph, Mich. 



The Phillips Phonograph (Maine) 

is doing more for the woods there than any- 
body or anything else but the fish and game. 
SEND FOR A COPY — IT'S GAMY EVEN NOW. 



RUPTURE 



ABSOLUTELY 
CURED 



without truss, operation or con- 
finement, on strictly scientific 
professional principles, based on 
_ _ ^^ experience of many years. 

My method of treatment is known only to myself, and I object to long 
letters explanatory thereof. An interview is positively necessary for those re- 
quiring information. 

Complete cure effected in 6 to 8 weeks ; one treatment each week, 
with no detention whatever from business. 

SAOREDO 

Care F. C. PRESTON, 98 Hudson Street, New York 

GOLD MEDAL CAMP FURNITURE MANUFACTURING CO., RAC i^- A * ,s - 

_*M*mm**m****um r c i»-&s^" 

Folding Portable Bath-tubs, ^(g^^^^^^g' ^^^^Ss^^p' Thiscut representsour Gold Medal Fold- 

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year and have proved entirely satisfactory. 
The frame is constructed with our patent 
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exceedingly small space. The cover is 
made of very heavy, closely woven duck, 
coated with pure, thoroughly refined rubber, 
cured in such a way that it is tough and 
elastic. The duck is specially rubbered for 
us and we warrant it not to crack. This tub 
is made with no separate parts and is so 
arranged that it can be picked up and car- 
ried even when it contains water for the 
bath ; and empties by simply raising one 
D«ixA$in flfl en d. tne other forming a trough through 
f HCe&lU.UU which the water is pour* " ' 




Look for our 

GOLD MEDAL 

CAMP BED in 

this space next month. -== 



GOLD MEDAL 
FOLDING BATH-TUB 

AGENTS WANTED. Mention Sendfor free Catalogue of Camp and Fold- 

Write for Discounts. RECREATION. in£ Furniture and Bath-tubs. 



poured into a pail. It is 
in every way a practical bath-tub, strong 
enough to hold the heaviest person, and will 
last ageneration. Folds 5 ft. by 5 in:square. 



Wyoming... 

For Antelope, Bear, Cougar, Deer, Elk, 
Fish, Goat, Moose, Sheep, Grouse, 
Duck, and Sage Chicken Shooting, 

address H. D. DeKALB, big PINEY, WYO. 



ADIRONDACK I AND^ for sale !«v.ri.«p.rt..fti..i 

*f»«\v»lHJ/%V*IV LA^US tug,™; s„,whl.for 8RAND PARKS. 
*^ GAME PRESERVES COTTAGE SITES. FORE 



tEST LAND CO., SYRACUSE. N.Y. 



IN ANSWERING ADS, IF YOU 
WILL KINDLY MENTION REC- 
REATION YOU WILL GREATLY 
OBLIGE THE EDITOR. 



the PROPAGATION 

of fiA/MF BIRDS 

If interested therein, send postal 
for booklet regarding the English 
Ring-neck Pheasant, to 

D. G. BLACK, 26 Cortlandt Street, New York 



. Cycle Touring in England at small ex- 
pense. All about it, for 25c. 

Arthur Munson, Stamford, Ct. 



XXXIV 



RECREA TJON. 



This is a picture of Sewell New- 
house, inventor of the celebrated 

NEWHOISE STEEL TRAPS 

known the world over as the 
best traps made for catching fur- 
bearing animals. Send to 

ONEIDA COMMUNITY, Ltd., Kenwood, N. Y. 

for catalogs, prices and discounts. 






YES, do e sr nd SPLIT BAMBOO RODS for $1.00, 



but why should you 
want such stuff? 

We can sell you good (none as good as ours) Trout Flies for 24 cents a dozen, 
but we are sure your pleasure will be best served by ordering our turned win jj Jjut 
lielper Xrout Klies, at 72 cents a dozen. We want you to send for our 
illustrated catalogue, because it will tell you where you can buy fine quality 
goods at CUT PRICKS. It will give you lots of information as to Fishing: 
Tackle, Gun Goods, Photographic Goods, and Sporting Goods 
generally. (One order from us and you will continue with us.) 

CORNWALL & JESPERSEN, 3IO BROADWAY, NEW YORK 



£4 



HY DOQ AND I 



99 



By l>. UP. fiuntington, 5 Ul. 39tl) St., Hew Vork 

President National Greyhound Club of America. 

Contains 66 portraits of famous dogs, with 
200 original etchings. 

Gives origin, uses, Specialty Club's scales of points 
forjudging, with concise treatment of dogs in health 
and sickness. Price $1.00, post-paid. 



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Habits, weaknesses and diseases cured. Noth- I 

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^ in business and social life more than this knowledge. ^ 

^. Everything private. Established twenty years. Most I 

X 'advanced and reliable methods. Valuable information ^, 
X upon request. Address, Prof. L. H. ANDERSON, . X 

X R.C.67. Masonic Temple, Chicago. 111. U.S. A X 

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Taxidermists' 
Supplies 

Artificial 
Glass Eyes 

For stuffed birds and animals 



HEN you get a good 
specimen of bird, fish, 
or mammal that you 
would like to have 
mounted send it to us. We will do it right and make the price right. 

Zoologists' and Entomologists' Supplies. 

Send two-cent stamp for Taxidermists' Catalogue to 

FRED. KAtm PFER, 217 Madison St.TchlcaeoaU. 

All specimens of natural history prepared and mounted true to na- 
ture in the best style of art and at reasonable prices. 



"Wallace's Adirondacks " 

In Elegance, Interest and Completeness, nothing on the 
subject has ever approached it. Contains much important 
information never before published. It is more than a 
mere guide-book, as it tells the whole story of the Adiron- 
dacks. HISTORY, LEGEND, HUMOR and DESCRIPTION 
are delightfully interwoven, and it is so admirably written, 
it engrosses the attention like a novel. Contains about 700 
pages, 12mo; 200 HALF-TONE Engravings, and large 
Map, forming a MAGNIFICENT ART WORK. Finely 
bound. Price, $2.00, postpaid. 

FOREST PUBLISHING CO., Syracuse, N. Y. 




OF ^Ijljjp^ ALL 

AMMUNITION 

Try .22 Peters' Short Smokeless 

and New Victor Shells, 

Loaded with King's Smokeless 

FOR ACCURACY, VELOCITY, STRENGTH, 
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INSIST ON YOUR 

DEALER 
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THE 

PETERS 

CARTRIDGE 

CO. 

CINCINNATI, O. 

FOB SA.I.B BVERYWHBiffl 




RECREATION. 



XXXV 



SOME GOOD GUIDES. 

Following is a list of names and addresses 
of guides who have been recommended to 
me, by men who have employed them; to- 
gether with data as to the species of game 
and fish which these guides undertake to 
find for sportsmen. 

If anyone who may employ one of these 
guides finds him incompetent or unsatis- 
factory, I will be grateful if he will report 
the fact to me. 

ALASKA. 

William York, Juneau, moose, bear, deer, sheep, goats 
and small game. 

CALIFORNIA. 

Chris. Ringsin, Avalon, Santa Catalina Island, goats, 

water-fowl, and salt-water fishing. 
John Meier, Sweetwater Lake. Dotsero P. O., \ 

Eagle Co., ditto 

John Broder, Visalia, trout, deer, bear, grouse, and 

quails. 
S. L. N. Ellis, Visalia. ditto 

COLORADO. 

J. M. Campbell, Buford, elk, bear, deer, antelope, trout 

and grouse. 

Chas. Smith, Buford, ditto 

Frank Allen, Dotsero, Eagle Co., " 

Charles Allen, Dotsero, Eagle Co., • i4 

Wells and Patterson, Meeker, "■ 

R. W. McGee, Debeque, " 

Lem Crandall, Debeque. '.* 

Sam. T. Himes, New Castle, '* 

Luke Wheeler, Pinkhampton, " 

Nathan Fisher, Gunnison, " 

W. H. Hubbard, Glenwood Springs, " 
W. L. Pattison, Glenwood Springs, 

J. E. Borah, Glenwood Springs, " 

Ed. L. Stockton, 527 nth St., Greeley, " 



FLORIDA. 

C. L. Farnham, Avon Park, bear, deer, turkeys, 

ducks, black bass, etc. 
Oliver Tinny, Ozona, Hillsboro Co., deer, bear, t 

quails, ducks and salt-water fishing. 
E. M. Reynolds, Fort Myers, 
Wm. Webb, Osprey, Manatee Co., 
Frank Guptill, Manatee Co., 
W. J. Meyer, Tarpon Springs, 
Robt. E. Hammond, Key West, 
Frank Carson, Ft. Meyers, 

E. T. Robinson, Keuka, 
T. C. Cato. Inverness, 

J. L. Sandlin, Punta Gorda, 
Oliver Archer, Clearwater, 
L. W. Scroggins, Homeland, 
Capt. Jas. Argo, Oviedo, 

F. J. Adams, Sanford, 

C. B. Bailey, Winter Haven, 

W. H, Steacy, Pt. Tampa City, 

Wm. J. Lyon, Interlacken, 

L. L. Sutton, Sutherland, 

W. D. Isler, Eagle Lake, 

George W. Hawthorn, Hawthorn, 

C. H. Hill, Maitland, 

J. E. Bowen, Laughman, 

Margan Bass, Kissimmee, 

B. C. Lanier, Leesburg, 

John Hunter, Winter Park, 

H. Shipman, Haskell, 

Robert James, Emporia, 

Alex. Brown, Martin. 

W. J. McCullough, Boardman, 

Frank Smith, St. James City 

Jinks McCreary, Higly, 

Baldwin Cassady, Lisbon, 

W. H. Howell, Centre Hill, 

Ed. Brown, Dunedin, 

G. B. Lawson, Lake Maitland, 
J. H. Maddox, Wauchula, 
Will Montgomery, Arcadia, 
T. E. Fielder, Calvinia, 

W. F. Hays, Webster, 



quails, 
urkeys, 
ditto 



IDAHO. 

W. L. Winegar, Egin, Fremont Co., elk, bear, deer, an- 
telope, mountain sheep, trout and grouse. 

Geo. Winegar, St. Anthony, Fremont Co., ditto 

R. W. Rock, Lake, Fremont Co., •« 

Ed. Stailey, Lake, Fremont Co., •« 

Geo. W. Rea, Orange, Fremont Co., «• 

Wm. Fraser, Beaver Canyon, '« 

MAINE. 

Wm. S. Emery, Blakesley Camps, Eustis, moose, cari- 
bou, deer, trout, grouse. 

Algie Spearin, Moro, ditto 

Charley Condon, Moro, «« 

Wm. Atkins, Oxbow, " 

Miles D. Arbow, Oxbow, ** 

J. E. Jenkins, Oxbow, " 

C. R. Peavy, Oxbow, " 

John Keaten, Oxbow, t4 

Walter Swett, Oxbow, '« 

Frank Cram, Oxbow, H 

Nathan B. Moore, Bingham, " 

Charley Powers, Medway, " 

Charley Hale, Medway, «« 

Walter Dacey, Medway, *« 

Elliott Rich. Bethel, « 

John C. Lamb, Kineo, " 

John H. Quelty, Kineo, '« 

John Kelley, Kineo, " 

Winn McKenney, Patten, " 

Frank McKenney, Patten, •' 

Orville Crommitt, Patten, «« 

C. C. Coburn, Patten, "■ 

Mitchell Francis, Patten, " 

Royal E. Paine, Stratton, " 

Charles Hathaway, Medway, " 

Victor Scott. Millinockett, " 

C. O. Norton, Dover, •« 

Benjamin J. Woodaid, Dover, " 

Benjamin Woodard, Dover, " 

Col. N. D. Brown, Roach River House, " 

Alonzo Davenport, Shesuncook, 4i 

Ichabod Smith, Greenville, " 

Ernest Ham, Guilford, " 

Charlee Capen, Capens, " 

Ed. Masterman, Moosehead, " 

Marsh Carlton, Rangely, »« 

Freeman Tibbetts, Rangely, " 

Fred Reed, Medway, " 

Dan Hale, Medway, '* 

Will Meyer, Eustis, '» 

Charles Haley, Eustis, *' 

H. R. Horton, Eustis. »• 

Abner McPhiters, Norcross, " 
Albert McPhiters, Norcross, 

Horace B. Cushman, Norcross, " 

Irving Hunt, Norcross, '• 

Wm. O. Shaw, Dobsy Lake, Washington Co., " 

Ran. Day, Princeton, Washington Co., " 
Geo. C. Jones, Carritunk, 

Geo. Douglass, Eustis, «' 

Andrew Douglass, Eustis, *« 

Gus Douglass, Eustis, «« 

Joe St. Ober, Eustis, «« 

Otis Witham, Eustis, *« 
John Quint, Eustis, 

David Quint, Eustis, *« 

Davis Moody, Stratton, " 

Gus Jones, Stratton, " 

Fred Viles, Stratton, " 

John Darling. Lowell, •• 

Joe Francis, Old Town, " 

Sebat Shay, Old Town, •• 

Louis Ketcham, Old Town, ■« 

Granville M. Grey, Old Town, " 
L. A. Orcutt, Ashland, 

MASSACHUSETTS. 
Recommended by Dr. Hitchcock, Cliftondall, grouse, 
squirrels, salt water fishing. 

MICHIGAN. 

Bony Markelty, Negaunee, deer, 

black bass, and muskalonge. 

Thos. Starr, Alpena, «« 

MINNESOTA. 

C. L. Porter, Glenwood, ducks, gees,e, prairie chickens, 

and black bass. 

E. L. Brown, Warren, ditto 

Jack Baldwin, Jackson, " 



bear, grouse, trout, 



XXXVI 



RECREA TION. 



SOME GOOD GUIDES {.Continued.) 



MONTANA. 
M. P. Dunham, Woodworth, elk, bear, deer, antelope, 

ditto 



mountain sheep, trout and grouse. 
G. H. Heywood, Red Lodge, 
Mr. William Jackson, Browning, Montana, 
W. A. Hague, Fridley, " 

E. E. Van Dyke, Red Lodge, " 

James Sheehan, Butte, " 

Vic. Smith, Anaconda, 

James Blair, Magdalen, ** 

George Whitaker, Gardiner, " 

NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

Philip Marden, Wolfboro Falls, black bass, grouse and 

quails. 

Frank Britton, Wolfboro Falls, ditto 

Blake Abbott, Wolfboro Falls, " 
Ned Norton, Colebrook, moose, caribou and deer. 

John Bresette, Diamond Pond, ditto 

Henry Bresette, Diamond Pond, " 

NEW JERSEY. 

Billy Throckmorton, Mannahawkin, ducks, geese, brant, 

shore birds, grouse, salt-water fishing. 
Dory Hulse, Mannokoking, Ocean Co., ditto 

Ernest Worth, Bayville, Ocean Co., " 

James Emmans, Jr., Swartswood Lake, Swartswood, 

black bass, pickerel, quails and rabbits. 
Mr. Riker, Culver's Lake, Branchville, perch, black bass 

and pickerel. 

NEW YORK. 

Cal. Blanchard, Upper Jay, deer, grouse, rabbits, squir- 
rels and trout. 

Abe Rundle, Eldred, Sullivan Co., ditto 

A. W. Rundle, Eldred, " 4k 
Eugene Scrafford, Eighth Lake, Old Forge, 
Ceylon Clarke, Piseco, Hamilton Co., 
Joe White, Horseshoe Pond, Tupper Lake, Frank- 
lin Co., 

Edson Brown, Spring Cove, Franklin Co., " 

William Boyea, Owl's Head, Franklin Co., " 
Will Simonds, Franklin Fall, Franklin Co., 
Harry Freeman, Axton, Franklin Co., 

Fred Reeves, Axton, Franklin Co., " 

Gean Clark, Axton, Franklin Co., " 
Geo. P. Finneeran, Smithville Flats, Chenango Co. , " 

L. C. Pendell,~Athol, " 

Wm. Sperry, Old Forge, " 

Geo. Goodsell, Old Forge, " 
Chris. Goodsell, Old Forge, care Rocky Point Inn, " 

Chas. Johnson, Seventh Lake, Old Forge, '* 

Emil Meur, Fourth Lake, Old Forge, " 
Joe Ward, C. & A. branch, R. N. & O., Oswe- 

gatchie, 
Martin Humes, Harrisville, 

Myron Humes, Harrisville, " 
Raymond Norton, Glendale, Lewis Co., 
Andrew Watson, Glendale, Lewis Co., 
Frank Perkins, Greg, Lewis Co., 
Henry N. Mullen, Harrisville, Lewis Co., 

Chris. Wagner, Beaver River, *' 

Peter Back, Beaver River, " 

Nelson Foster, Saranac Lake, *' 

Rant Reynolds, Saranac Lake, " 

Chas. McKaffery, Saranac Inn, " 

Wess Wood, Saranac Inn, " 

Justin Farrington, Saranac Inn, *' 

C. I. Stanton, Blue Mountain Lake, *• 

C. L. Stanton, Blue Mountain Lake, *' 

George W. Fuller, Blue Mountain Lake, " 

G. W. Fuller, Blue Mountain Lake, " 

Lawrence Sweeney, Lake Clear, " 
Ed. Oyis, Lake Clear, 

Geo. Otis. Lake Clear, " 
Leonard Bunting, Greenfield, Ulster Co., grouse, wood- 
cock and trout. 
Thomas Flake, Cape Vincent, pickerel, muskalonge, 

black bass. 

Antoine Seymour. Cape Vincent, ditto 

Wilfred Dodge, Cape Vincent, " 

Ren Dodge, Cape Vincent, " 
Warren Aldrich, Greenwood Lake, black bass, trout, 

grouse, squirrels, rabbits, etc. 

Charles Lane, Good Ground, L. I„ ditto 

Peter Post, Seaford, L. I., " 

Harry Rogers, Eastport, L. I., ** 



Willett Ellison, Freeport, L. L, black bass, trout, grouse, 

squirrels, rabbits, etc. 
W. C. Raynor, Freeport, L. I., ditto 

W. N. Ackerley, Patchogue, L. I., ducks, baybirds, salt- 
water fishing. 
Hugh Smith, Moriches, L. I., quails, woodcock and 

grouse. 
Dan Havens, Centre Moriches, L. L, ditto 

Hugh Smith, East Moriches, L. I., " 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

Fenner S. Jarvis, Haslin P. O., deer, bear, turkeys and 

quails. 
Robert Waterfield, Knotts Island, ditto 

Jas. Tooly, Belleport, •* 

W. C. Halsted, Currituck C. H., deer, turkeys, quails, 

ducks, salt-water fishing. 
Fred. Latham, Haslin, ditto 

OREGON. 

Wm. Ascher, West Fork, Douglass Co., deer, bear, elk, 

trout, grouse, ducks and geese. 
E. L. Howe, Creswell, Lane Co., ditto 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

Leonard Champion, Prop'r Lehigh Valley Hotel, Mahoo- 
pany, Wyoming Co., bass, pickerel, salmon. 

VERMONT. 

E. Ward, Fair Haven, woodcock, grouse, black bass and 
trout. 

VIRGINIA. 

M. Corbel, Virginia Beach, geese, brant, ducks, shore 

birds, quails, salt-water fishing. 

Captain R. E. Miles, Machipongo, ditto 

C. A. Spencer, Buckingham, • " 

James Daniel, Buckingham, •• 

Fred Spencer, Buckingham, " 

M. A. Barner, Clarksville, " 

WASHINGTON. 

John S. Wood, Morton, Lewis Co., deer, grouse, trout, 
etc. 

WISCONSIN. 

T. R. Page, Bruce, deer, grouse, trout, black bass and 

muskalonge. 
Charles Johnson, care Williams, Salsich & Co., 

Star Lake, Vilas Co., ditto 

M. E. Monsell, Star Lake, Vilas Co., " 

H. E. Soule, South Range, " 

Judd Blaisdell, Camp Franklin, Woodruff, 
Alexander Gillies, Camp Franklin, Woodruff, 
C. J. Coon, Camp Franklin, Woodruff, " 

WYOMING. 

Mark H. Warner, Ten Sleep, elk, bear, deer, mountain 

sheep, antelope, grouse and trout. 
Milo Burke, Ten Sleep, ditto 

James Fullerton, Ten Sleep, 

Nelson Yarnall, Dubois, " 

Geo. Y. Hayes, Dubois, " 

S. A. Lawson, Laramie, '* 

R. C. Tregoning, Laramie, *' 

A. Pache, Laramie, 

N. E. Brown, Marquette, " 

H. D. DeKalb, Big Piney, 
Ira Dodge, Cora, 

S. N. Leek, Jackson, ** 

W. P. Redmond, Jackson, M 

Frank L. Peterson, Jackson, 
O. F. Bike, Jackson, " 

F. E. White, Jackson, " 
W. A. Hague, Pleasant Valley Hote!, via Mam- 
moth Hot Springs, " 

CANADA. 

Christopher Bowers, Shelburne, Nova Scotia, moose, bear, 
grouse, black bass and trout. 

E. Thompson, Hammond Plain, Nova Scotia, ditto 

John Bowers, Shelburne, Nova Scotia, 

Billy McCoy, " 

Frank Komondo, Desert or Maniwaki, P. Q., 

Philamon Gashon. Three Lakes, P.Q., tl 

Robert Elliott, Kennebec Road, Armstrong, 
County Beauce, P. Q., " 

Geo. Gillard, Little Bay, Notre Dame Bay, Newfound- 
land, caribou, bear, ptarmigan, ducks and geese. 



RECREA TIOJST. 



XXXVll 



| Che most Elegant folding Camera in the market « « 

* — ^^^^^ I 







• • ♦ 



QUALITY 
Can't be Beaten for = -or 

PRICE at «* 



Send for Circular 



GUNDLACH OPTICAL CO. 



76J, 763, 765 South Clinton St. 



ROCHESTER, N. Y. 



* 
> 



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♦ \S£/ c_Xy \2yt_Xy MS/fc^y \E/ c-Xy \^t^ \E/<^^\£/<i^y* 



XXXV111 



RECREA TION. 



A Practical Common Sense Camp Stove. 

In 6 Sizes. Patent applied for. 

The lightest, most com- 
pact, practical camp 
stove made; either with 
or without oven. Won't 
get out of shape, com- 
bination cast and sheet 
steel top, smooth body, 
heavy lining, telescopic 
pipe carried insidte the 
stove. 

Burns largest wood, keeps fire longest of any 
stove made. For full particulars address 

D. W. CREE, Manufacturer, Griggsville, I1L 




PHEASANTS, CALL DUCKS, ETC. 

Golden, Silver, Reeves, Swinhoe, Versi- 
color, Ringneck, and Lady Amherst and 
Golden (cross) Pheasants. Also White 
Call and Mandarin Ducks for sale. 

JAMES MORRISON , Mr. Schieffelin's place, 
P. O. BOX 48, TARRYTOWN, N. Y. 




OPTICIANS 

21 onion spie,N.Y.^g 

The Telescopes furnished 
by you to the Signal Corps. 
National Guard, State of 
New York, I find remark- 
able for definition and clear- 
ness of objects at long dis 
tances. Yours, etc., 

HOMER W. HEDGE, 

ist Lieut, and 
Ass't Signal Officer, 





Hwn ni Hi K 



ALL 
MAKE5 



All the Standard Machines lor SSAiiK or KENT at 
HALF manufacturers' prices. Full guarantee. 
Express charges prepaid if this medium mentioned. 
Privilege of Examination. Write for catalogue. 

Typewriter Emporium, 80 8^ffiS&. 8t ' 



r 



C0O>e^23OCO« 



>0C0 



»00(KS3>CCO 



•<v 



G. CRAMER 

DRY PLATE 
WORKS 



ST. LOUIS, MO. 



A Full descriptive catalogue mailed 
| to any address on application 



►oooc-s»oa»« 



oo»<ss=»oao 



S 



Dixon's Graphitoleo 

Lubricates not only the chain and sprockets, but 
also the pins in the links of the chain, 

which stick Graphite cannot do and is not intended 
to do. For gun locks, for copying presses, and 
for office chairs it is unequaled. If your dealer 
does not keep it, mention Recreation, and send 
15 cents for sample. 

JOS. DIXON CRUCIBLE CO., Jersey City, N. J. 



Bright and Light 




ALADDIN'S 
LAHP 



The New 
One... 

has the maximum quality at 

the minimum cost 

New Features: Hinged door 

and oil well ; double springs 

instantly detachable; 

patent lighter by 

which wick can be 

ignited in the highest 

wind ; enlarged oil 

reservoir. Drawn 

brass throughout 

and not a particle of 

solder. Price, $2.50. 

A LAMP WITH A REPUTATION 
THAT HAS STOOD THE TEST. 

Guaranteed against any defects. 
Of dealer or post-paid on receipt of price. 
THE ALADDIN LAMP COMPANY 
107 Chambers Street, New York. 518 Broad Street, Newark, N. J. 



WANTED.— LIVE ELK, MOOSE, CARIBOU, BLACK- 
tail deer, wild turkey, European roebucks, fallow deer, 
etc., for Litchfield Park, Adirondacks. Address, with par- 
ticHlars, EDWARD H. LITCHFIELD, 59 Wall Street, New 
York. 



IMPORTANT AND 



INTERESTING 



FOR THE 



HONE, CHURCH, FAIR and THEATRE. 

Parents, Committees, Managers and 
Proprietors are cordially invited to call 
and see demonstrations of 

THE MARVELOUS INVENTION OF THE AGE 

ANIMATED PHOTOGRAPHS, 
LIVING AND MOVING PICTURES. 

Every Movement of Actual Life 
depicted on the Screen 

The Wonderful 
Kineoptoscope 

The machine takes any " Edison Standard" Films. 
The vibration is less than on any other machine. The 
films pass through quite uninjured. 

Although so low in price, it is not a toy, but fully 
equal to any machine on the market. 

Price, $t20 and up, 

LIBERAL DISCOUNT FOR CASH. 



Riley Bros., 6 



BEEKMAN 
STREET. 



RECREA TION. 



XXXIX 



Mnnnnrro 



^L 



A 



A 



V 



Have you 
ever noticed the numerous 
/A testimonials of the 

' Bristol Steel Rod 

That appear each month in the reading col- \ 

umns of RECREATION ? V 

Well, these come from disinterested people ; 
from people who are 

Practical Anglers and who are 

m^t \ T in~ Our Rods.// 
ah who use BRISTOL RODS 

Speak in the most glowing- terms of them. // 
Try one and you will do likewise. 

Send for a catalogue. It tells about them. 

THE HORTON MFG. CO. V^ 

BRISTOL, CONN. 



xl 



RECREATION. 



New Ithaca 



! 



Self compensating, 
taking up wear 
at every point 





Bored 

FOR BLACK AND 
NITRO POWDERS 



Price but a little more than one-half that of any other good gun, and 
■warranted in the most positive terms, shooting included 



ITHACA GUN COMPANY, ITHACA, N. Y. 



Send for circular 

Mention Recreation 



Manufacturers of fine Hammer 
and Hammerless Guns 




Laflin & Rand 

W.-A. 

Smokeless 



ABSOLUTELY UNIFORM 
IMPERVIOUS TO MOISTURE 



Laflin & Rand 
Powder 



Orange 
Sporting 

Extra 



Company 



In Use Since 1808 
Manufacturers of 

Black and Smokeless Sporting 

<& <& and Military Powders 

HEW YORK BALTIMORE HEW ORLEANS 

CHICAGO NASHVILLE DENVER 

t CINCINNATI PITTSBURG POTTSVILLE 




RECREATION, 



xli 



For nearly 50 Years the name 



has been identified with 
the manufacture of 




_fy^c^^- / ' '■■■ m^^ ■ ■ i-. '■**■''. ■ ■ ■ T ■ .^^— ai^K-~- ■ 

00: ' ■ ^- ■•■■-•■■•- " t i^Tgfc^ . ~"?M^x 

Wh&l^e _. 

nODEL 1894. v 

AUTOMATIC EJECTOR 

Our present line is complete and varied and shows the result of years of experience. 

For catalogues and information address 

THE W. H. DAVENPORT FIRE ARMS CO. 

Men tion - K.c,»T,o,. ■■ NORWICH, CONN., U. 5. A. 

^otngerT ^tf> ^^ ^ W$ f0r $WH««I 

^^^ IjjiBjjHP^^^ Lefever Automatic Ejector Guns at a price 

lllXVLYy ^&(m^!& ^^^^^ within the reach of every sportsman. 

" OUR NEW EJECTOR HOVEriENT 

Has only two pieces: One in the 
Hammer, One in 

We have decided to meet 

" the demand for medium. 

price Ejectors, and are now 

v*£^ prepared te accept orders 

for all grades of our ham* 

TENS OF THOUSANDS IN USE ^M „ fS^ft merless guns fitted with 

Vg|^y ^^H njectors. 
Send for Catalogue 

LEFEVER ARMS CO. - - Syracuse, N. Y. 

(Mention Recreation.) _^_____^^ 

Date, 1897. 

G. O. SHIELDS, 

Editor and Hanager of RECREATION, 19 West 24th St., New York: 
Herewith find One Dollar, for which please send me RECREATION 
for one year beginning with number. 

Name, 

Remit by P. O. or Express Money Order, or New York Draft. 

DETACH THIS, FILL OUT, AND SEND IN. 




xlii 



RECREA TION. 



A FINE PERFORMANCE 

GRAND AMERICAN HANDICAP, 189T 



Jst— Hon. T. A. MARSHALL, 

Keithsburg, 111., 25 kills straight, j l 

2d— Dr. W. F. CARVER, Chicago, f USill? 
24 straight, and 25th killed but ) ~ . 

Cashmore 




carried out of bounds by wind. 

2d— Dr. J. L. WILLIAMSON 
ex. 25. 



,24 j 



Guns 



FIRST AND TWO SECONDS OUT OF 136 COMPETITORS 

TRAP GUN BUILDING A SPECIALTY 

new list free Address, WM. CASHMORE, Gunmaker 

Telegram, "Extractor, Birmingham" BIRMINGHAM, ENG. 




FOR FIELD OR FOR TRAP, 
FOR POT HUNTING OR FUN, 
NO SPORTSMAN IS EQUIPPED 
WITHOUT A SYRACUSE GUN 



"MORE TRUTH 
THAN POETRY" 




We do not say ihat SYRACUSE HAMMERLESS GUNS 

"Arc as Good" as any gun in the market. 




Their simplicity of construction and superiority of finish stamp them u BETTER" for 
practical fail-round work than any gun in the market. The "old, old story" but, 
nevertheless, substantiated by every man who ever drew a Syracuse to his shoulder. 



# 

m 



SYRACUSE ARMS CO., SYRACUSE, N. Y., U. S. A. 



** 

m 



RECREA T10N. 



Xllll 



Forehand Arms Co. s 



EJECTOR AND NON-EJECTOR 

HAMMERLESS DOUBLE GUN 




LATEST MODEL 



READ WHAT MEN 
SAY OF THE 
FOREHAND, WHO 
ARE USING IT. 



Warren, III. 

The Forehand Hammerless Gun you sent me, for 35 
subscriptions, has arrived. I am delighted with it, and 
shall recommend it highly. It is a good, close-shooting 
gun, simple in action, and of fine workmanship. I made 
two long shots with it yesterday at grouse in heavy brush, 
killing both birds at distances of forty to forty -five yards. 
I would not wish for a better gun than the Forehand for 
trap shooting. Dr> a> q Czibulka> 



Moline, III. 
I have received from the Forehand Arms Co., of 
Worcester, Mass., the double-barreled, hammerless, breech- 
loading shot-gun as a premium for 35 subscriptions, and 
it is a beauty. It is light, strong, handsome, and shoots as 
well as any gun I know of. Got four squirrels and a 
rabbit yesterday — all the game I saw — and one shot at each 
was enough. I compared my gun with an $85.00 gun to- 
day, of another make, and mine gained in value greatly, 
in my estimation. w B Kent 



WE GET THOUSANDS 
OF SUCH 
TESTIMONIALS- 
ALL UNSOLICITED 



WHAT EVERYONE SAYS MUST BE SO" 



We challenge competition in Beauty, Workmanship, Simpli- 
city of Mechanism, Shooting Qualities and Price. We target 
all our guns with nitro powder. For Catalogue, address 

FOREHAND ARMS CO., WORCESTER MASS. 



xliv 



RECREA TION. 



DOG 



"COMMON SENSE OF l^KSKJl DOCTORING" 

A CONCISE AND UP-TO-DATE POPULAR TREATISE 

PRICE (MAIL FREE), 25 CENTS 



DOC AND POULTRY 
SUPPLIES 



Order through your Dealer and send for catalogue to 

SPRATTS PATENT LIMITED 

245 EAST 56th STREET, NEW YORK CITY 

San Francisco branch 

1320 valencia street 



THE OLD 
RELIABLE 

Has stood the test 
of over 30 years 



Parker Gun 



Built on Honor" 



HAS 

NO EQUAL 

Simplicity and dura- 
bility combined with 
handsome finish and 

perfect shooting 

qualities 




Experience and ability have placed "The Parker' 9 in an 
enviable and well deserved position as the best gun in the 
world. Made by the oldest shot gun manufacturers in America. 
Nearly ioo t ooo in use. 



SEND FOR CATALOGUE 



F>Iew York Salesrooms 

96 Chambers Street 



PARKER BROS., Meriden, Conn. 



RECREA TION. 



xlv 



»M»« 



i 



Genuine Siberian Moose m ^ Golf » r 

ABSOLUTELY WATER=PROOF TO THE TOP. Walking SllOCS 

NOTHING SO GOOD EVER PRODUCED BEFORE AT ANY PRICE. 

This is a special line of Boots and Shoes in every way. Special water-proof 
leather, special anhydrous soles, special lasts of new design, special stitching, special 

lining, in fact, every point of shoe worth 

has been studied to give each special value. 
The result is a shoe as strong as steel, 

yet, pliable and soft as kid, graceful to 

the eye and easy on the foot, and will 

outwear any two ordinary shoes. 

The leather is the famous Siberian 
Moose. Costs more than any other, 
and guaranteed water-proof. 

The soles are of the best anhydrous oak 
stock, made water-proof by patented 
process. 

The stitching will not rip. The bottoms 
are hand-sewed with Barbour's extra 
heavy water-proof flax. The uppers 
are stitched and then double-stitched 
with pure silk. 

Bellows tongues of the best Moose stock 
are used, making the shoes water- 
proof to the top. 

The linings are of finest russet calf-skin, 
adding warmth and strength. 

English Backstays, extra heavy eye= 
lets, "Bull Dog" toes, Pratt Fast- 
eners, etc., etc. Every approved 
shoe point will be found in them. 
Price to all alike, $7.50 net. 

We also make a short boot, 12 inches high, 

at $8.50; a knee boot, "Hunters Style," 

lacing up the front, at $10.00, and a 

" Cavalry Style " boot, at $12.00, all with 

the same good points as the shoes. 

We expect a large out-of-town trade, 

and to quickly introduce this line we 

will, on the first 100 pairs, prepay 

expressage to any part of the 

United States or Canada, as the 

orders are received. 

HENRY C. 
SQUIRES & SON 

20 Cortlandt 
Street 

New York 



i 



I 



I 




The cut is a photograph of our tan walking shoe after having been worn two months 






»♦♦* 



xlvi RECREATION. 



i 



MM ■— M l '■ — ♦♦♦< — ' HH —HW«— ♦«♦♦ ■— ■ ll l <— HH— »H<»»H»— W— 

SPEND THE SUMMER AT 

DEER PARK 



On the Crest of the Alleghanies 
% 3000 Feet Above Tide- Water 

I .^>3Qrk« Oru>«Q Tttn*> 9.1. 1897 I 



Season Opens June 21, 1897 



X 



^ I ^HIS famous mountain hotel, situated at the summit of the Alleghanies, and directly | 
upon the main line of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, has the advantage of its f 



I splendid vestibuled express train service both east and west, and is therefore i 

readily accessible from all parts of the country. All Baltimore & Ohio trains stop at I 

3 Deer Park during the season. There are also a number of furnished cottages with * 

(facilities for housekeeping, j 

The houses and grounds are supplied with absolutely pure water, piped from the | 

| celebrated " Boiling Spring/' and are lighted by electricity. Turkish and Russian baths $ 

and large swimming pools are provided for ladies and gentlemen, and suitable grounds j 

for lawn tennis ; there are bowling alleys and billiard rooms ; fine riding and driving | 

? horses, carriages, mountain wagons, tally-ho coaches, etc., are kept for hire ; in short, 1 

I all the necessary adjuncts for the comfort, health or pleasure of patrons. { 

j For terms apply to D. C. JONES j 

B. & O. Central Building, Baltimore, Md. | 

.J 



-tm— -»m— -»»m— -tw— *m- 



A. TOUR OF 1 EUROPE FREE TO YOU 

sni i d odadacitiam ■ We wish to introduce our Home Visitor into 20,000 new homes 
UUH r'nVJr'V/Ol I IV/IM . and will spend liberally in doing so. 

To the three persons sending us the greatest number of words from the letters in the title "HOME 
VISITOR" we will give each a prepaid ticket on the " Home Visitor European Tour," 

embracing an eight weeks tour tkrough England, France, Italy, Switzerland, Germany, etc., sailing 
July 5, 1897, including all fares, hotels, and traveling expenses in first class style, allowing same 
privileges as rest of our party who pay $300 for ticket. (Full particulars, route, itinerary, etc., in 
this month's Home Visitor.) To next largest list we will give $100, next largest list $50, next $25, 
next five lists $10 each, next seven $7.50 each, ne*t ten $5 each, and to next One Hundred Largest 
Lists we will give a complete Silver Tea Set, consisting of 23 pieces, beautifully engraved, and guar- 
anteed to wear for_five years. (In miniature as shown below.) 

RULES! Use any dictionary. Make up words 
in this plan : Toe, hoe, met, rim, more, etc., always 
confining your selection to the letters that appear 
in the words " Home Visitor." You will find it 
a very pleasant study to produce the words and will 
soon succeed in getting quite a list. When you have 
obtained all the words that you are able, send your 
list to us at once and you may secure one of the 
grand tour ot Europe premiums or one of the many cash rewards. You must mail your list before 
^dmght, June 15, and you will then be an admitted contestant. If you have tried in other contests 
without success you may be successful tliis time. 

CONSOLATION PREMIUM '. E^ery contestant who sends in ten or more words will 
receive free our Ladies' Work Basket Companion Set, containing darning, wool, yarn and 
carpet instruments, and five dozen steel needles that cannot be puichased for less than 50 cents and 
which makes a desirable present to any woman. We give these rewards for the purpose of 
attracting attention to our interesting magazine containing instructive departments to old and young 
serial, short stories and articles by our leading authors. It will be necessary for each contestant to 
send 25 cents in stamps, money order or silver for six months subscription, as no lists will be recorded 
unless amount is enclosed in same letter. Names of successful contestants will be given in June 
number of " Home Visitor," and premiums will be fairly awarded by a committee of well-known 
and disinterested citizens of Philadelphia. We refer to Dunn's or Bradstreets Mercantile Agencies 
Adam's or U. S. Express Co's. or any Bank in Phila. as to our reliability. Send your list at once and 
if you send ten words or more your companion set and this month's " Home Visitor " will be sent 
you immediately to show your letter was received and yrur solution recorded. Remember every 
contestant who sends ten or more words receives the Work Basket Set, a chance on the large premiums 
and our interesting Magazine free for six months, and the 25 cents you send barely pays for cost and 
transportation of premiums and expenses of contest. We believe in liberal and judicious advertisinp- 
and money spent in this contest will pay us in later results. Address letter (mention this t>at>er) to 
•HOME VISITOR" Publishing Co., 1813 No. 16th Street, Philadelphia," Pa. 




RECREA TION. 



xlix 



LITTLE FINGER DOES IT" 

Fisherman's Automatic Reel 



THF 

TOMATIC 




EEL 



-jA.. ef- 



Jfc 



«^ 






K 






fV 



fiSfi^^-- 



Manujkctured ly _ _, 

Man & eb.be, 

3^4 No.St. PAUL StreA 
HESTER. N.Y US./L 



^HkPiSKeRies 1 




What we claim for 
the Automatic Reel 



First — It will wind up the 
line a hundred times as 
fast as any other reel in 
the world. 

Second — It will wind up 
the line slowly if the 
angler chooses. 

Third — No fish can ever 
get slack line with it. 

four til — It will save 
more fish than any other 
reel. 

Fifth — It will prevent 
tips, lines, and snells 
from being broken by 
large fish. 

Sixth — The reel is ma- 
nipulated entirely by the 
hand that holds the rod. 

Seventh — It enables the 
angler and makes it de- 
sirable to use lighter tips. 



= ND FOR CATALOGUE 



RECREA TION. 



High-Grade 



Bicycles 



AMES- 
MANUFACTURING 
COMPANY 

CHICOPEE, MASS, 



We have ready for shipment our 1897 crop of High-Grade Bicycles, 
both in Gent's and Ladies' patterns, at the price of a low or medium grade. 
We have several styles as follows : 



MODEL " B " special, Gent's Diamond Frame, 
large seamless tubing, with changeable 
sprockets, single piece cranks and axle, at 

MODEL "B" Gent's Diamond Frame, large 
seamless tubing, changeable sprockets, at 

MODEL "M" Ladies', with Single Reach Frame, 
seamless tubing, changeable sprockets, at 

MODEL " I " Ladies' Curved Double Reach 
Frame, changeable sprockets, ... at 



$85.00 
$75.00 
$T5.00 
$T5.00 



All of the tubing in the above wheels is seamless cold drawn, the 
frames are enameled with three coats of first-class enamel baked on, all 
connections are drop steel forgings, the nickeling is done after a :oat of 
copper is put on and the finish is as nice and fine as any wheel ever made. 

We also have model " K " gent's diamond frame, large seamless 
tubing, with changeable sprockets, and model " L" ladies', one curved and 
one straight reach, seamless tubing, changeable sprockets. 

The connections on the two latter machines are a fine grade of electri- 
cally welded stampings. The two latter wheels are listed at $60.00 each. 

The ball cases and cones in all of the above wheels are cut from bar, 
the hubs are of drop forged steel, and take them all in all they are as fine 
a line of wheels as are on the market. 

We solicit a trial order and should be pleased to 
mail you on application our i8q7 artistic catalog 

The above firm is the old original Ames Manufacturing Company, 
which has been in business on the same ground since 1828 



RECREA TION. 



xlvii 




What's 
the Use 

of walking; when you 
can get a first-class, high- 
grade bicycle for nothing? 

How? 

By getting 75 subscriptions for 

Recreation 

If you live in a town of 3,000 
or more, and if you are a hustler 
you can get these in 2 days, 

I can give you the names of 20 
people who did this in J 896, and 
who now have their wheals. 

Write for particulars. 

RECREATION 

19 West 24th Street 
New York 




Sargent's 



R 



EADY 

EFERENCE 

OTARY 



Book Cases 





SARGENT 



A brain worker's best 
tool. 

A Labor Economizer. 

A Time Saver. 

All kinds for all needs. 

New and perfect anti- 
friction Rotary prin- 
ciple. 

Write for Catalogue 
D, free; postage 2c. 

Our new Catalogue C, 
48 pages of Reclin- 
ing:, Easy Library 
and Study Chairs 
and Coaches, is just 

out, and is the most 
complete ever issued. 

We can suit anybody. 

If interested, write for 
it, postage 3c. 
Mention Recreation. 

Geo. F.Sargent Co,, 
289 Fourth Ave.,y1 

(Next 2jd St. Moved 
May 1 from 814 B'way) 

NEW YORK. 



BOOKS 



By 



G. O. SHIELDS 

COQUINA) 



THE BIG GAME OF NORTH AMERICA 

Its Habits, Habitat, Haunts and Characteristics. 
How, When and Where to Hunt it. 8vo, 600 
pages, 80 illustrations. Cloth, $3.50 ; Half Mor- 
occo, $5.00 ; Full Morocco, $6.50. 

CRUISINGS IN THE CASCADES 

A Narrative of Travel, Exploration, Amateur 
Photography, Hunting and Fishing, with Special 
Chapters on Hunting the Grizzly Bear, the Buf- 
falo, Elk, Antelope, Rocky Mountain Goat, and 
Deer ; also on Trouting in the Rocky Mountains ; 
• on a Montana Roundup ; Life Among the Cow- 
" boys, etc. i2tno, 300 pages, 75 illustrations. Cloth, 
$2 ; Half Morocco, $3. 

AMERICAN GAME FISHES 

How, When and Where to Angle for them. 8vo, 
400 pages, 50 illustrations. Cloth, $2.50; Half Mor- 
occo, $4. 

HUNTING IN THE GREAT WEST 

(Rustlings in the Rockies) 
Hunting and Fishing Sketches by Mountain and 
Stream. i2mo, cloth. Over 300 pages. Illustrated. 
Price, 75 cents. 

THE AMERICAN BOOK OF THE DOG 

The Origin, Development, Special Characteristics, 
Utility, Breeding, Training, Diseases and Kennel 
Management of all Breeds of Dogs. 8vo, 650 pages, 
100 illustrations. Cloth, $3.50 ; Half Morocco, $5 ; 
Full Morocco, $6.50. 

CAMPING AND CAMP OUTFITS 

A Manual of Instruction for Young and Old Sports- 
men. i2mo, 200 pages, 30 illustrations. Cloth, $1.25. 

THE BATTLE OF THE BIG HOLE 

History of General Gibbon's Engagement with 
the Nez Perce Indians in the Big Hole Basin, Mon- 
tana, August 9, 1877. i2tno, 150 pages. Profusely 
illustrated. Cloth, $1. 

These books will be mailed, post-paid, on receipt 
of price, by the author. 

Q. O. SHIELDS 

19 West 24th St., New York 



xlviii 



RECREA TION. 



Some 



3t** 



Rare 
Oppor- 
tunities 

These goods are all new, and 
will be shipped direct from factory. 
Prices named are those at which 
manufacturers and dealers usually 
sell. Here is a good chance to get 

A BOOK 
A GUN 
A CAMERA 
A TYPEWRITER 
A BICYCLE 



FREE OF COST^^ 

Subscriptions need not all be 
sent at once. They can be sent in 
installments as taken and credit will 
be given on account. When the 
required number is obtained the 
premium earned will be shipped. 



«< 



Recreation 



t* 



\9 West 24th Street 
New York 



4 

4 

4 

4. 

4 

4 

4 

4. 

4 

4* 
4 

4* 
4 
4* 
4 
4* 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 
4 



Co any person sending me 

TWO yearly subscriptions to Recreation at 
$1 each, I will send a copy of Hunting in 
the Great West, paper. 

THREE subscriptions at $1 each, a copy of 
The Battle of the Big Hole, cloth. 

FOUR subscriptions at $1 each, a copy of 
Camping aad Camping Outfits, cloth. 

FIVE subscriptions at $1 each, a copy of 
Cruising in the Cascades, cloth. 

SIX subscriptions at $1 each, a copy of 
American Game Fishes, cloth. 

SEVEN subscriptions at $1 each, a copy of 
The Big Game of North America, or of 
The American Book of the Dog, cloth. 

EIGHT subscriptions at $1 each, a Pocket 
Kodak, made by the Eastman Kodak Co., 
and valued at $5, 

TEN subscriptions at $1 each, a single-shot 
Davenport Rifle ; or a Bristol Steel Fish- 
ing-rod, or a Yaw man and Erbe Auto- 
matic Reel, worth $9 ; or a Kenwood 
Sleeping Bag, worth $10. 

TWELVE subscriptions at $1 each, a Man- 
hattan Improved Hand Camera, made by 
the Manhattan Optical Co., and valued at 
$12. 

FIFTEEN subscriptions at $1 each, a Dav- 
enport Single-barrel, breech-loading Shot- 
gun, worth $15 ; or a Premo D Camera, 
worth $6 to $10 ; or a Kenwood Sleeping 
Bag, complete with canvas cover, worth 
$16 ; or a No. 2 Bullet Camera, loaded, 
worth $10. 

TWENTY subscriptions at $1 each, a 14- 
karat Gold Hunting-case Watch, with 
Elgin Movement, worth $20 ; or a Marlin 
Repeating Rifle, listed at $20 ; or an Im- 
proved Night-hawk Hand Camera, made 
by the Manhattan Optical Co., and valued 
at $25 ; or a No. 4 Bullseye Camera, made 
by the Eastman Kodak Co., and worth 
$12 ; or a Premo B Camera, worth $16. 

TWENTY-FIVE subscriptions at $1 each, a 
Premo A Camera, worth $25, or a No. 4 
Bullet Camera, made by the Eastman 
Kodak Co., and worth $18. 

THIRTY-FIVE subscriptions at $1 each, a 
Forehand or a Syracuse Double-barrel 
Hammerless Breech-loading Shot-gun, 
worth $35. 

FORTY subscriptions at $1 each, a Premo 
Sr. Camera, worth $30. 

FIFTY subscriptions at $1 each, a Marlin 
Rifle, with fancy curled walnut stock, 
pistol grip, checkered four-end, hand- 
somely engraved, half octagon, half 
magazine, with take down, listed at $50. 

SEVENTY-FIVE subscriptions at $1 each, a 
Safety Bicycle, worth $85 to $100 ; or a Bo- 
peep Camera, for 5x7 plates, made by the 
Manhattan Optical Co., and valued at $90. 
EIGHTY subscriptions at $1 each, a Premo 

Sr. Camera, worth $65. 
ONE HUNDRED subscriptions at $1 each, 
a fine Lefever Hammerless Gun, worth 
$85 ; or a Bo-peep Camera, for 6£x8£ 
plates, made by the Manhattan Optical 
Co., and valued at $120. 



;, V% 






"THE SURVIVAL 
OF*f HE FITTEST 



ff 



At tie Grand American Handicap, held at Elkwood Park, Long 
Braich, N. J., March 24 and 25, J897, IL M, C Paper Shells 
took the highest honors. The Hon. Thomas A. Marshall, of 
Keih 'burg, Ills., was the only contestant out of 34 shooters 
facir the traps who made a clean score of 25 birds. He used 

r TRAP SHELLS 

RADE MARK. 

Of trie remaining 33 other prize-winners, 27 used U.M.C. Shells. 
The result of this contest speaks volumes for the quality of 
U. M C. goods. 

A sample of the kind of shell used by the winner of the first prize will be 
sent upon application. 

THE UNION METALLIC CARTRIDGE CO. 

BRIDGEPORT, CONN. 




Shooters Know REMINGTONS 

Can Be Depended Upon 

THE SKILL AND SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE THAT MADE REMINGTON 
FIREAFMS FAMOUS HAS WON FOR THEM PUBLIC CONFIDENCE 



Remington valie 
is obtained in 
Remington products only. 



Remington Hammerless 
Guns, Hammer Guns t 
Rifles, and Bicycles 
are the best of their kinds. 




Remington Hammerless Gun, a high-gra 
low-priced gun, guaranteed for nitro po 
ders, made with automatic and non-auto- 
matic ejector, five grades. 



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SEND FOR ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUES 

of Firearms and Sicycles. Remington Hammerless Automatic Ejector Guns are reduced in price, 

$ J 5.00 less than the former list price. 

REMINGTON ARMS COMPANY 

3J3 - 3 J5 Br oadlay, New York ILION, N. Y. 425427 Market St., San Francisco, Cal. 



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The Splendid Scores 



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Constantly Being Made With 

WINCHESTER GALLERY 
AMMUNITION 

Are Proof of Its Superiority. 

Results Count. Winchester Ammunition Always Gives the MJFesults, 

AMMUNITION FOR ALL KINDS OF SHQOTirlt 




MANUFACTURED BY THE 




Winchester Repeating Arms Co., New Havcn,jconn. 

Jio, Cal. 



FREK— 136-Page 

Illustrated Catalogue. 



STORES: 



312 Broad way t New York 
4 J 8-420 Market St. t San Franc 





NO DEPARTMENT STORE 

can sell a bicycle at from "$29.99" to $37.77 if it is 
finished and equipped as Clippers are in Clipper 
enamel and Clipper decorations. Clipper finish is 
the result of two years' experimenting and several 
thousand dollars expense. Every coat of Clipper 
enamel is hand and water rubbed by furniture fin- 
ishers, who have spent a lifetime finishing the fin- 
est furniture in the world. Every transfer used in 
decorating Clipper is imported from Germany. 
Every line of hand decoration is drawn by an 
expert of 20 years' experience. Every Clipper bi- 
cycle turned out is finished at an expense 3 times 
greater than any wheel we know of. Clipper equip- 
ment is the most expensive, and of the very highest 
grade, such as first quality Gaxfoi d, Hunt or Brown 
saddles, Baldwin chains, G. & J. tires, Berkey 
furniture finished, cloth-lined wood rims, Hunt's 
highest grade tool bags. Clipper pedals, steel bars 
fitted with grips that don't break easily. Equip- 
ment like this is too expensive, for Department 
Store cheap wheels. 

The above equipment costs us just $8.91 more 
than the bes* used on any Department store bi- 
cycle we ever saw, and $12.63 more than the worst 
we have ever seen. Remember this difference in 
cost is only a small part of the bicycle. Every- 
thing else is in about the same proportion. Again 
we say, there is no bicycle the equal of a Clipper 
at the price of a Clipper. 

MADE BY TIIK 

"CLIPPER PEOPLE" Grand Rapids, Mich. 



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